Applicability of the body adiposity index to estimate body fat in adolescents with type-1 diabetes mellitus

ABSTRACT The aim of the present study was to verify the level of concordance between Body Adiposity Index (BAI) and Dual-energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA) in the evaluation of body fat percentage in adolescents with type-1 diabetes mellitus (DM1). The sample consisted of 34 adolescents (16 boys and 18 girls) aged 10-15 years. Height and hip circumference data were collected for BAI calculation, and fat percentage was evaluated using DEXA. The Shapiro Wilk test was used to verify data normality. The Wilcoxon test was performed to compare age, anthropometric and BMI, BAI z score and DEXA between sexes. The correlation of variables (BAI vs DEXA) was evaluated by the Spearman correlation coefficient. For the analysis of residual scores, the Bland-Altman test was applied. The Kappa coefficient (k) was performed to assess the level of concordance between BAI and DEXA. Therefore, weak and non-significant correlation between BAI and DEXA in boys (r= 0.19, p= 0.46), and girls (r= 0.10, p= 0.73) was observed. Thus, weak concordance was observed (k= 0.09) for both sexes. It was concluded that BAI is not recommended to estimate fat percentage in adolescents with DM1.Resumo O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar o n ível de concordância entre o Absortometria de Raio-x de Dupla Energia (DEXA) na avaliação do percentual de gordura de adolescentes com diabetes mellitus tipo 1 (DM1). A amostra foi constituída por 34 adolescentes (16 meninos e 18 meninas...
Source: Revista Brasileira de Cineantropometria e Desempenho Humano - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research

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AbstractAimsAdults with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1D) have decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Our study aimed at determining BMD and the association to metabolic control in children and adolescents with T1D.Methods244 patients (113 girls) with a median age of 14.3  years and T1D duration of 1–16 years were included. A dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry scan assessed BMDZ-scores excluding the head (total body less head, TBLH). TBLH-BMD were then investigated for associations to diabetes relevant variables such as HbA1c, insulin treatment, anthropometry and physical activity.ResultsIn all participants the T...
Source: Journal of Bone and Mineral Metabolism - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
In conclusion, our results suggest that a 12-week structured exercise intervention improves physical fitness regardless of the training program in sedentary middle-aged adults. Despite slightly greater improvements in some physical fitness variables, the changes observed in the WB-EMS group were not superior to the other exercise programs. Introduction Cardiorespiratory fitness (VO2max) and muscular strength have been positioned as two independent powerful health markers (Amaro Gahete et al., 2017a). Epidemiological studies have indicated an inverse association of VO2max with coronary heart disease, cardiovascular ...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Adolescents with T1DM demonstrate IR and impaired vascular health compared with control participants. Metformin improves IR, regardless of baseline BMI, and BMI, weight, fat mass, insulin dose, and aortic and carotid health in adolescents with T1DM. Metformin may hold promise as a cardioprotective intervention in T1DM. CLINICAL TRIAL REGISTRATION: URL: https://www.clinicaltrials.gov . Unique identifier: NCT01808690. PMID: 30566007 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2018Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Stephany I. Adame Perez, Peter A. Senior, Catherine J. Field, Kailash Jindal, Diana R. MagerAbstractObjectivesFrailty can cause increased vulnerability to adverse health outcomes, such as falls, fractures, depression and reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL). This cross-sectional study compared the differences in body composition, HRQoL, mental health and cognitive and vitamin D (vitD) status with health-care utilization by frail and nonfrail adults with diabetes mellitus (type 1 and type 2) and with chronic kidney diseas...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 June 2018Source: Canadian Journal of DiabetesAuthor(s): Adame Perez SI, Senior PA, Field CJ, Jindal K, Mager DRAbstractBackgroundFrailty can cause an increased vulnerability to adverse health outcomes such as falls, fractures, depression and reduced health related quality of life (HRQoL). This cross sectional study compared differences in body composition, HRQoL, mental health, cognitive and vitamin D (VitD) status and health care utilization between frail and non-frail adults with Diabetes Mellitus (DM Type 1 and Type 2) with chronic kidney disease (CKD stages 1-5).Methods and Partici...
Source: Canadian Journal of Diabetes - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
In conclusion, NA avoids alterations in the physical properties and microstructure of bone from STZ-rats probably by stimulation of osteoblastogenesis, inhibition of the osteoclastogenesis and adipogenesis via blocking the oxidative stress. PMID: 29208404 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics - Category: Biochemistry Authors: Tags: Arch Biochem Biophys Source Type: research
CORTICAL BONE SIZE DEFICIT IN ADULT PATIENTS WITH TYPE 1 DIABETES MELLITUS. J Clin Endocrinol Metab. 2017 May 22;: Authors: Verroken C, Pieters W, Beddeleem L, Goemaere S, Zmierczak HG, Shadid S, Kaufman JM, Lapauw B Abstract CONTEXT: The increased fracture risk associated with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) remains unexplained by traditional risk factors such as low areal bone mineral density (aBMD). Nonetheless, few data exist on other determinants of bone strength in T1DM, including volumetric BMD (vBMD) and bone geometry. OBJECTIVE: We compared areal and volumetric bone parameters and cortic...
Source: The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: J Clin Endocrinol Metab Source Type: research
AbstractStreptozotocin (STZ)-induced type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) decreases trabecular bone volume and bone strength in rodents. The current study investigated the potential protective effects of aerobic endurance training (AET) on bone in STZ-induced T1DM young adult rats. Sixty-four 8-week-old male Sprague –Dawley rats were randomly divided into 4 groups of 16: control non-T1DM sedentary (CS) and exercised (CX), T1DM sedentary (DS) and exercised (DX). Blood glucose was maintained at 9–15 mmol/L using subcutaneously implanted insulin pellets (Linplant, Linshin Canada, Inc.). AET was performed at ~ 75&n...
Source: Calcified Tissue International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study was conducted on 39 diabetic boys and 46 diabetic girls aged 12.4 ± 4.2 years. Mean serum 25(OH)D3 was 18 ± 12.2 ng/dl. Serum levels of 25(OH)D3 were higher in boys than girls. 7.7 % of the boys and 30.4 % of the girls had severe vitamin D deficiency. There was a negative correlation between the age of the onset of T1DM and serum concentration of 25(OH)D3 (p = 0.006, r = −0.17). Girls with T1DM showed a higher prevalence of severe vitamin D deficiency than boys with T1DM. Moreover, vitamin D deficiency was more prevalent in individua...
Source: International Journal of Diabetes in Developing Countries - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Children and adolescents with chronic disease are predisposed to impaired bone health. Pediatric illness, including type 1 diabetes mellitus, celiac disease, and cystic fibrosis, have significant risk of low bone mineralization and fracture due to underlying inflammation, malabsorption, lack of physical activity, and delayed puberty. Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry is the primary imaging method to assess bone health in this population. The purpose of this review is to update readers about the assessment and management of bone health in children with common pediatric chronic illnesses and review recent advances in the prev...
Source: Endocrinology and Metabolism Clinics of North America - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Source Type: research
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