First outbreak of Oropouche Fever reported in a non-endemic western region of the Peruvian Amazon: Molecular diagnosis and clinical characteristics

The Oropouche virus (OROV) is an arbovirus member of the Peribunyaviridae family and the Orthobunyavirus genus (Briese et al., 2016), responsible for a febrile syndrome that has affected people since its first discovery in 1955 in Trinidad and Tobago (Anderson et al., 1961). The etiological diagnosis of OROV infection is challenging due to the clinical similarities with other arboviral diseases including dengue, chikungunya, zika, and mayaro viruses, in addition to other pathogens such as Malaria (da Costa et al., 2017; Alvarez-Falconi and R íos, 2010; Travassos da Rosa et al., 2017), and the lack of molecular differential diagnostic methods in endemic regions.
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 10 October 2020Source: Journal of Genetics and GenomicsAuthor(s): Chengqi Wang, Justin Gibbons, Swamy R. Adapa, Jenna Oberstaller, Xiangyun Liao, Min Zhang, John H. Adams, Rays H.Y. Jiang
Source: Journal of Genetics and Genomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Cirugía Española (English Edition)Author(s): Victoria Lucas-Guerrero, Mireia Pascua-Solé, José Luis Ramos Rodríguez, Anna Trinidad Borrás, Carlos González de Pedro, José María Jover Navalón, Pere Rebasa, Eduardo M. Targarona Soler, Xavier Serra-Aracil, on behalf of the Comisión Nacional de la Especialidad de Cirugía General y del Aparato Digestivo, de la Sección de Formación de la Asociación Española de Cirujanos
Source: Cirugia Espanola - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
In this study, we were able to demonstrate that our measure for mosquito-borne viral suitability is informative in the context of Myanmar, despite the lack of ento-epidemiological datasets with high spatio-temporal resolution. By estimating suitability through climate variables and known ento-epidemiological parameters, we were able to project mosquito-born virus (MBV) suitability at the district level, a resolution for which epidemiological data and mosquito abundance measures are not generally available. Here, we discuss the national and subnational public health and control implications for MBVs in the context of our pr...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog LITFL • Life in the Fast Lane Medical Blog - Emergency medicine and critical care medical education blog aka Tropical Travel Trouble 010 Peer Reviewer: Dr Jennifer Ho, ID physician QLD, Australia You are an ED doc working in Perth over schoolies week. An 18 yo man comes into ED complaining of fever, rash a “cracking headache” and body aches. He has just hopped off the plane from Bali where he spent the last 2 weeks partying, boozing and running amok. He got bitten by “loads” of mosquitoes because he forgot to take insect repellent. On e...
Source: Life in the Fast Lane - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Tags: Clinical Cases Tropical Medicine arthralgia dengue fever rash Source Type: blogs
DAVID E. BLOOM is the Clarence James Gamble Professor of Economics and Demography, DANIEL CADARETTE is a research assistant, and JP SEVILLA is a research associate, all at Harvard University’s T.H. Chan School of Public Health.By David E. Bloom, Daniel Cadarette and JP SevillaWASHINGTON DC, Jul 3 2018 (IPS)Infectious diseases and associated mortality have abated, but they remain a significant threat throughout the world.We continue to fight both old pathogens, such as the plague, that have troubled humanity for millennia and new pathogens, such as human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), that have mutated or spilled over ...
Source: IPS Inter Press Service - Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Active Citizens Development & Aid Economy & Trade Global Headlines Health TerraViva United Nations Source Type: news
ConclusionsUsing a detailed agent-based dengue transmission model for Yucat án State, Mexico, we predict that high coverage indoor residual spraying (IRS) interventions can largely eliminate transmission for a few years, when applied a few months before the typical seasonal epidemic peak. However, vector control succeeds by preventing infections, which precludes natural im munization. Thus, as a population benefits from mosquito control, it gradually loses naturally acquired herd immunity, and the control effectiveness declines; this occurs across all of our modeled scenarios, and is consistent with other empirical ...
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
In conclusion, the old literature on arboviruses in Mozambique is relevant for assessing the gaps and current risk of occurrence of these pathogens at the region, particularly in a time in which they are spreading worldwide. PMID: 29845522 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Climate change and globalization constitute a risk to health security in Europe. The intensification of global trade and travel, in combination with widespread climatic changes, increases the possibility of outbreaks of mosquito-borne disease outbreaks in Europe. In recent years, there have been mosquito-borne disease outbreaks of dengue and Chikungunya linked to invasive mosquito species within Europe. In addition, there has been transmission of malaria in Greece, the potential for Zika transmission remains a concern, and endemic mosquito-borne diseases, such as West Nile fever, have the potential to become established in...
Source: The European Journal of Public Health - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to evaluate a predictive model of West Nile virus in South Dakota (SD), which was used to make whole-year forecasts at the beginning of the 2016 WNV season, as well as short-term weekly forecasts throughout the season. This modeling approach was unique in that it incorporated not only weather data but also WNV infection data to predict spatial and temporal patterns of WNV cases. Because the model was specified and parameterized prior to the start of the 2016 WNV season, this exercise provided an opportunity to make a priori predictions and then validate them using independent data. The model...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
Article The Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is an alphavirus that belongs to the Semliki Forest Virus antigenic complex1. Local outbreaks of CHIKV-like disease have been documented since the eighteenth century2 and the virus was discovered in 1952 in Tanzania3 . Over the last 50 years, CHIKV has spread beyond its African heartlands and caused explosive outbreaks comprising millions of cases in Indian Ocean islands and Asia.4The virus is mosquito-borne and transmission is associated with the vector species Aedes albopictus and Ae. aegypti, which are responsible for transmission cycles in urban and peri-urban environments5. Clinic...
Source: PLOS Currents Outbreaks - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Source Type: research
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