Deep learning advances SPECT MPI

Using deep learning to analyze upright and supine SPECT myocardial perfusion...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: ISMRM: AI paves the way for precision medicine Cardiac hybrid imaging predicts adverse cardiac events SNMMI: AI enables stress-first SPECT MPI protocol ASNC releases new guidelines for SPECT MPI Deep learning can predict stenosis on fast SPECT-MPI
Source: Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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We report the case of a 66-year-old woman who underwent 1-day stress/rest myocardial perfusion imaging (MPI) for coronary artery disease (CAD) screening. Relative MPI analysis was normal, whereas low-dose CT showed high calcium score. Myocardial blood flow and flow reserve were strongly impaired in all territories. Coronary angiography confirmed extended CAD. Flow parameters derived from cadmium-zinc-telluride SPECT MPI acquisition and calcium scoring can improve diagnostic accuracy and confidence of CAD.
Source: Clinical Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Interesting Images Source Type: research
In this study, we evaluated and compared the level of myocardial ischaemia caused by cardiac syndrome X (CSX) and coronary slow flow (CSF) with single photon emission computed tomography myocardial perfusion imaging (SPECT-MPI), and determined if changes in the level of myocardial ischaemia exist in CSF and CSX cases according to thrombolysis in myocardial infarction frame count (TFC). Materials and methods The study population consisted of 66 patients with CSF and 78 angiographically normal patients (36 of them with CSX and 42 of them healthy controls). The coronary flow rates of all patients were documented using TFC....
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
Conclusions The quantitative-gated SPECT and quantitative perfusion SPECT values obtained from images with shorter acquisition times correlated with the values obtained from images with a reference acquisition time of 65 s/view; however, tracer-specific predisposition should be considered. These findings suggest that it is possible to reduce acquisition time when performing simultaneous 99mTc-tetrofosmin/123I-β-methyl-p-iodophenyl pentadecanoic acid dual-tracer imaging with the novel cadmium–zinc–telluride scanner.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Original Articles Source Type: research
ConclusionsMyocardial perfusion was recovered by steroid therapy in 61% and preserved in 8% of patients. Myocardial perfusion recovery after steroid therapy was significantly associated with a low incidence of MACE.
Source: Journal of Nuclear Cardiology - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionThe incorporation of functional imaging for radiotherapy planning in non-small cell lung cancer is feasible and appears to be beneficial in preserving a  functional lung in non-small cell lung cancer.
Source: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Source: Clinical Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Tags: Clinical Epidemiology Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundHypertension as a known risk factor for cardiovascular diseases can result in left ventricular dyssynchrony (LVD) leading to uncoordinated contraction. The aim of our study was to evaluate whether systolic mechanical dyssynchrony measured by phase analysis of gated single-photon emission computed tomography (SPECT) imaging occurs in hypertensive patients with a low risk for coronary artery disease and a normal ejection fraction and its possible relationships with severity of hypertension and the influence of antihypertensive treatments.MethodsA total of 466 patients (328 females and 138 males, with a mean...
Source: Annals of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
AbstractNeuroimaging can provide important biomarkers and is very useful for supporting dementia diagnosis. This review summarizes the neuroimaging findings of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), frontotemporal lobar degeneration (FTLD), and normal pressure hydrocephalus (NPH). In DLB, medial temporal atrophy is milder than that of Alzheimer ’s disease. 2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose-positron emission tomography and brain perfusion single-photon emission computed tomography demonstrate hypometabolism and hypoperfusion in the occipital lobe, in addition to decreased metabolism and perfusion in the parietotemporal, posterior ...
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
AbstractWe aimed to investigate whether the frontal lobe bottom and cerebellum tuber vermis (FLB –CTV) line on brain perfusion scintigraphy, using iodine-123 isopropyl iodoamphetamine single photon emission computed tomography (I-123 IMP SPECT) images, is useful to determine an axial angle parallel to the anterior commissure-posterior commissure (AC–PC) line. We measured the angular differe nces between the AC–PC line and the FLB–CTV line on midsagittal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans of 100 patients. We also evaluated the angular differences of the FLB–CTV line between the IMP SP...
Source: Radiological Physics and Technology - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Conclusion We found that normal values of phase analysis can vary among software programs and can be different even when the same software is used.
Source: Nuclear Medicine Communications - Category: Nuclear Medicine Tags: Review Article Source Type: research
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