Dermatophytes isolated from superficial fungal infections in Krakow, Poland, between 1995 and 2010

Summary Superficial fungal infections due to dermatophytes are common over the world and their frequency is constantly increasing. The aim of our study was to discuss fungal infections with frequency of occurrence, clinical stages and aetiology in patients admitted to dermatological ward and microbiological laboratory of the specialist hospital in Krakow. Investigations performed between 1995 and 2010 included the group of 5333 individuals. Dermatophyte infections, confirmed by culture, were revealed in 1007 subjects (18.9%), i.e. in 553 males and 454 females. The most frequent clinical forms of infections were tinea unguium and tinea pedis, caused mainly by Trichophyton rubrum and by Trichophyton mentagrophytes. Tinea corporis, tinea manuum, tinea capitis and tinea cruris constituted a small percentage of infections and the main aetiological factors of these dermatomycoses were also T. rubrum and T. mentagrophytes. Between 1995 and 2000 there were stated small differences in the number of isolated strains of dermatophytes in comparison with the number of examined patients. Since 2006 there has been observed a decrease in number of patients in our hospital with suspected fungal infections, but per cent of positive cultures has remained unchanged in comparison with earlier period.
Source: Mycoses - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research

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Discussion Superficial fungal infections are very common. “Dermatophytes are molds that can invade the stratum corneum of the skin or other keratinized tissues derived from the epidermis, such as hair and nails. Organisms most commonly affect the scalp, feet, groin and nails.” Dermatophytes can be anthropophilic (human to human transmission), zoophilic (animal to human transmission) or geophilic (fomite to human transmission). Zoophilic dermatophytes are usually uncommon sources of human infection. Microsporum canis is the most common zoophilic dermatophyte and it can infect humans with close contact but this...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
-- Ringworm is a fungal infection that gets its name from the red circular rash that develops. The inside of the ring typically is clear or scaly. People who use public lockers and showers, athletes and people with weak immune systems are especially...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Red, itchy and inflamed skin is a well-known symptom of what's generally called eczema. While there are a variety of conditions described in this way, the most common type of eczema is atopic dermatitis. Occasionally, complications develop and the skin becomes infected. When this happens, there are a number of treatment options available. Consult your doctor or medical practitioner if you have any questions regarding your eczema treatment plan, but in the meantime, here are some things you'll want to know about the condition. When eczema becomes infected, there are a variety of treatments.  What causes an ec...
Source: Advanced Tissue - Category: Dermatology Authors: Tags: Wound Care Wound Infection Source Type: news
Abstract Dermatophytes are a highly specialized group of keratinophilic and keratinolytic filamentous fungi causing a ringworm disease called dermatophytosis or superficial mycoses. Although dermatophyte infections do not threaten the host's life, they lower its quality in humans by causing discomfort related to cosmetic problems and through their epidemiological significance, whereas in farm animals they are responsible for economic losses and constitute a source of the spread of spores. Evidence from countless observational studies that have been conducted over the last 90 years indicates that dermatophyt...
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
Ringworm is a fungal infection that causes a distinctive raised rash. Babies are particularly prone to ringworm because they are often in close contact with others. Learn more about ringworm in babies here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Dermatology Source Type: news
Athlete's foot?(tinea pedis) is a fungal infection that usually begins between the toes. It commonly occurs in people whose feet have become very sweaty while confined within tight-fitting shoes. Athlete's foot is closely related to other fungal infections such as ringworm and jock itch. It can be treated with over-the-counter antifungal medications, but the infection [...]
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news
Tinea capitis is a cutaneous fungal infection common among 3 to 7  year old children but it is rare in the first year of life.
Source: BMC Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Case report Source Type: research
Tinea capitis is a common fungal infection of the hair of the scalp affecting predominately prepubertal children. In the US, griseofulvin has been considered a first-line therapy agent for tinea capitis since the 1960s. However, it has been falling out of favor due to significant treatment failure, high cost, and long duration of treatment. Other antifungal agents have been researched as an alternative to griseofulvin. This paper will review the relevant pharmacologic properties, dosing, cost, efficacy, and adverse events profile for griseofulvin, terbinafine, itraconazole, fluconazole, and some adjuvant therapy options su...
Source: Skin Appendage Disorders - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our estimates indicate that the importance of fungal infections is high but overlooked in Iran, which warrants further actions by health care authorities.
Source: The Journal of Infection in Developing Countries - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
AbstractPurpose of ReviewThis review summarizes the fungal literature currently available for tinea capitis (TC), as well as providing data for clinical utility.Recent FindingsAvailable studies in TC are scarce; however, they provide important information about efficacy and outcome in clinical practice.SummaryTreatment of TC is effective; however, it requires a minimum of 1  month. Systemic treatment is often required to favor enhance drug penetration into the deep part of the hair follicle. The newest oral antifungal has higher efficacy rates than conventional therapy, as well as much shorter duration of treatment bu...
Source: Current Fungal Infection Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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