PPAR γ: Potential therapeutic target for ailments beyond diabetes and its natural agonism.

PPARγ: Potential therapeutic target for ailments beyond diabetes and its natural agonism. Curr Drug Targets. 2019 May 27;: Authors: Shafi S, Gupta P, Khatik GL, Gupta J Abstract The intense research interests have been observed in establishing PPAR gamma as a therapeutic target for diabetes. However, PPARγ is also emerging as an important therapeutic target for varied diseased states other than type2 diabetes like neurodegenerative disorders, cancer, spinal cord injury, asthma, and cardiovascular problems. Furthermore, glistazones, the synthetic thiazolidinediones, also known as insulin sensitizers are the largely studied PPARγ agonist and the only one approved for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, they are loaded with side effects like fluid retention, obesity, hepatic failure, bone fractures and cardiac failure; which restricted their clinical application. Medicinal plants used traditionally are the sources of bioactive compounds to be used for the development of successful drugs and many structurally diverse natural molecules are already established as PPARγ agonists. These natural partial agonists when compared to full agonists synthetic thiazolidinediones led to weaker PPARγ activation with lesser side effects but are not thoroughly investigated. Their thorough characterization and elucidation of mechanistic activity might prove beneficial for counteracting diseases by modulating PPARγ activity through di...
Source: Current Drug Targets - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Drug Targets Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Extensive research have been carried out on various process for preparing Bortezomib and composition thereof. This type of dynamic research will clear the path for many generic players in the United States which lead in reduction of price of the composition and thereby enhancing global health care at cheaper prices. PMID: 32234004 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Recent Patents on Anti-Cancer Drug Discovery - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Recent Pat Anticancer Drug Discov Source Type: research
OBJECTIVES: Aromatase inhibitors are the first-choice drugs for the treatment of hormone sensitive breast cancer. However, in addition to the scarcity of studies, there are controversies about their effects on vaginal epithelial cell proliferation in rats, especially those in persistent estrus. METHODS: To investigate vaginal epithelial cell proliferation by Ki-67 antigen expression, persistent estrus was induced in 42 randomly selected rats. These rats were randomly divided into 2 groups: group I (control, n=21), which received 0.1 mL of propylene glycol (vehicle) daily, and group II (experimental, n=21), which received 0...
Source: Clinics - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Okamura K, Bandai S, Fujikawa M, Sato K, Kitazono T Abstract The treatment of Graves' hyperthyroidism (GD) complicated with malignancy is challenging, as anti-thyroid thionamide drugs (ATDs) and anti-cancer chemotherapy are both associated with a risk of neutropenia. Treatment with conventional ATDs, radioactive iodine (RAI) or potassium iodide (KI) was attempted in 8 patients with malignancy (34-80 years of age; 2 males and 6 females) in whom GD had been fortuitously diagnosed during a detailed systematic examination. Three patients requiring surgery were initially treated conventionally with methylmercap...
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
In conclusion, patients with fragility vertebral fractures were predominantly female and tended to be overweight or obese, although male patients tended to have a lower BMI than female patients. PMID: 32238668 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Endocrine Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Endocr J Source Type: research
Authors: Seyedrezazadeh E, Ansarin K, Sharifi A, Jafari Rouhi AH, Gilani N, Aftabi Y, Khalili M, Najmi M Abstract Objective: The work productivity and activity impairment (WPAI) questionnaire is a fine linguistic validated tool to measure work productivity and activity impairment. Considering its capability, this study aimed to evaluate the validity of the Persian version of WPAI-AQ in asthmatics.Methods: The standard forward-backward process was used to translate the English version of WPAI-AQ into Persian. The convergent validity and responsiveness were evaluated by analysing the correlations between the Persian ...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
Authors: Kotsiou OS, Gourgoulianis KI, Daniil Z Abstract The confessional aspect of seeing behind the scenes in severe asthma by clinical severe asthma phenotyping could improve treatment outcomes, quality of life, morbidity, and mortality of asthma patients. The growing availability of rich clinical data could provide opportunities to address a broad range of real-world questions regarding clinical phenotyping and effective therapeutic approach of severe asthma. Accordingly, in this Letter to the Editor, we provide data relevant to constructing the clinical profile of a Greek severe asthma patient cohort who recei...
Source: Journal of Asthma - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: J Asthma Source Type: research
Authors: da Silva Araújo NP, de Matos NA, Leticia Antunes Mota S, Farias de Souza AB, Dantas Cangussú S, Cunha Alvim de Menezes R, Silva Bezerra F Abstract Cigarette smoke is highly toxic and is a major risk factor for airway inflammation, oxidative stress, and decline in lung function-the starting points for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Quercetin is a potent dietary antioxidant that displays anti-inflammatory activities. The goal of this study was to evaluate the effects of quercetin on reducing the redox imbalance and inflammation induced by short-term cigarette smoke exposure. In vitro, 2...
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to test the value of adding a maximal inspiratory manoeuvre to basic spirometry to differentiate COPD and BA. One hundred forty-three COPD patients and 142 BA patients had measurements of maximal inspiratory and expiratory flow during routine spirometry. Parameters from these tests were used to assess diagnostic accuracy using receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) analyses followed by logistic regression. The association of two independent parameters were analyzed using linear regression analyses. Results show that forced expiratory volume in one second/forced vital capacity (FEV1/FVC%)
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
Authors: Karle E, Patel TP, Zweig J, Krvavac A Abstract Inhaled medications play a pivotal role in the management of COPD and asthma. Provider knowledge and ability to teach various devices is paramount as poor inhaler technique directly correlates with worse disease control. The goal of our survey was to assess the knowledge and comfort level with various inhaled devices among providers involved in patient inhaler education. We constructed a 20-question survey consisting of a five-question Likert scale-based comfort assessment and a 15-question multiple-choice inhaler knowledge test that was distributed both inter...
Source: COPD: Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: COPD Source Type: research
Conclusion: Enhanced masticatory force affected the expression of OPG, RANKL, and MGF in alveolar bone of ovariectomized rats, improved the quality of jaw bone of ovariectomized rats, and delayed oral bone loss by ovariectomy.
Source: Journal of Applied Oral Science - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research
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