Recovery twice as hard for survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia
(University of Montreal) The cardiorespiratory fitness of survivors of childhood acute lymphoblastic leukemia is 22% worse than that general Canadian population,and genetics might play a role, an UdeM researcher finds.
ConclusionsIn conclusion, our study shows that BIV subtype is heterogeneous group of leukemia including not only the BL, but also BCP-ALL. In ambiguous cases, only a combination of multiple immunophenotypic, cytomorphologic, and genetic diagnostic technologies can allow the precise discrimination of BL and BCP-ALL and selection of the appropriate treatment scheme.
CONCLUSIONS: Our data indicates that ARID5B is an important molecular determinant of antimetabolite drug sensitivity in ALL, in part through p21-mediated effects on cell-cycle progression. PMID: 31573954 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
CONCLUSION: miR-146a could promote the proliferation, migration, and invasion and inhibit the apoptosis of AL Jurkat and HL-60 cells by downregulating CNTFR and activating the JAK2/STAT3 pathway. PMID: 31538427 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusion: This case demonstrates the importance of a broad differential diagnosis for a child presenting with leg pain and fever. PMID: 31528139 [PubMed]
Roberto Rivera-Luna Sergio Juárez-Méndez B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia is the most commonly diagnosed childhood malignancy worldwide; more than 50% of these cases are diagnosed in Mexico. Although the five-year survival rate is >80%, 30% of patients experience relapse with poor prognosis. Cancer-associated gene expression profiles have been identified in several malignancies, and some transcripts have been used to predict disease prognosis. The human transcriptome is incompletely elucidated; moreover, more than 80% of transcripts can be processed via alternative splicing (AS), which increas...
The use of dexamethasone in acute lymphoblastic leukaemia therapy contributes to short- and long-term toxicities. The UKALL 2011 randomised trial investigated whether a more intense dexamethasone dose (10 mg/m2/d x 14d, short vs 6 mg/m2/d x 28d, standard) would lead to a more rapid cytoreduction and reduced adverse effects associated with longer durations of steroids in induction. The impact of dose and duration on dexamethasone pharmacokinetics was investigated.
In conclusion, endoglin may assist in the diagnosis and pathogenesis study of various processes associated with mast cells. An endoglin-neutralizing treatment for solid cancers and leukemia could also affect mastocytes and the immunologic system.
Conclusion: This study showed that father’s education level, father’s job, delivery type, birth weight, and childcare can play a role in the incidence of childhood ALL. PMID: 31450923 [PubMed - in process]
Background Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia (ALL) is the most common cancer seen in children worldwide and in the Middle East. Although there have been major advances in treatment approaches for childhood ALL, serious toxicities do occur but with significant inter-individual variability. The aim of this study is to measure the frequency of polymorphisms in candidate genes involved in 6-Mercaptopurine (6-MP) disposition in a combined cohort of Middle Eastern Children with ALL, and evaluate whether these polymorphisms predict 6-MP intolerance and toxicity during ALL maintenance therapy. Methods The study includes children tr...
Conclusions: Maternal folic acid supplementation was found to have a protective effect against childhood acute lymphoblastic leukaemia. Thus, healthcare professionals are recommended to provide regular health education and health promotion to the community on the benefits of folic acid supplementation during pregnancy. PMID: 31396374 [PubMed - in process]