Facilitating Play and Social Interaction between Children with Visual Impairments and Sighted Peers by Means of Augmented Toys

AbstractChildren with visual impairments (VIs) in mainstream education often experience social participation difficulties during peer play with sighted children. It was investigated whether augmented toys were effective to facilitate peer play and social interaction in 18 dyads of children with VIs and their sighted classmates. Eighteen children aged 4-to-11 with a visual impairment (mean age  = 7.46,SD = 2.19) and eighteen sighted classmates (mean age = 7.56,SD = 2.08) played with an augmented and with a non-augmented toy, using a counterbalanced crossover repeated measures design. A Playmobil® knight’s castle was augmented with Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) technology, such that each play figure produced audio feedback during play. Video f ragments were coded for social and cognitive aspects of play and peer directed interaction behaviors. Data were analyzed using multilevel logistic regression. Children showed more parallel play and object exploration, but less cooperative play when they repeatedly used the augmented castle compared to the non-augmented castle. Social interaction behaviors did not differ as a function of play condition. No differences were found between the play or interaction behaviors of children with VIs and sighted classmates. The addition of sounds to physical toys increased shared attention between childr en with VIs and sighted classmates, yet interfered with cooperative peer ...
Source: Journal of Developmental and Physical Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 November 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Henry J. Whittle, Anna M. Leddy, Jacqueline Shieh, Phyllis C. Tien, Ighovwerha Ofotokun, Adaora A. Adimora, Janet M. Turan, Edward A. Frongillo, Bulent Turan, Sheri D. WeiserAbstractMaterial-need insecurities (including insecurities in basic resources such as income, food, housing, and healthcare) are widespread in the United States (US) and may be important predictors of poor health outcomes. How material-need insecurities besides food insecurity are experienced, however, remains under-researched, including how multiple mater...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
Conclusions and ImplicationsAlthough group differences were not found when considering parent-reported sleep problems, more frequent sleep problems were positively associated with increased forgetting by children with DS relative to those who were TD. Although future experimental work is needed to determine causality, these results suggest that improved sleep in children with DS might reduce forgetting, ultimately improving long-term recall memory.
Source: Research in Developmental Disabilities - Category: Disability Source Type: research
If it’s the UNISON LGBT+ conference, then it must be time for the annual UNISON LGBT+ recruitment awards! Sure enough, in Bournemouth this morning, Josie Bird, the union’s president, was on hand to pass out this year’s coveted trophies. “The presidential team continue to be amazed at how many weekends our LGBT+ members are out and about at Pride and other community events – not only at the huge prides in big cities across our nations that get media coverage, but at local grass root prides in local parks too,” she told delegates. “Having local branches at these events has not only h...
Source: UNISON meat hygiene - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Article News Source Type: news
ConclusionsThis work proposed using an acceleration sensor as a reliable method of sleep apnea screening, detection of an apnea event, sending alert to the patient, and detection of the patient lying position. The developed device is more economical, comfortable, and convenient than existing systems for not only the patients but also the doctors. The patients can easily use this device in their home environment.Graphical abstract
Source: IRBM - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research
A busy day at UNISON’s LGBT+ conference saw delegates discuss a number of major issues. Mental health was high on the agenda, with Alan Williams for the union’s North West LGBT group saying that there was a “concerningly high rate of suicide attempts by LGBT+ members” and called for more training for reps on the issues. Hannah Stephenson urged delegates to return to their branches and ask their employers for mental ill health training, while a speaker from the North West talked of how “one person with the right information can make all the difference”. She said that research suggests tha...
Source: UNISON meat hygiene - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Article News LGBT Source Type: news
This article explores the pathophysiology, identification, and treatment of military se...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
In this study, we have assessed persons on average 16 years after their injury and determined ch...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Economics of Injury and Safety, PTSD, Injury Outcomes Source Type: news
AbstractObjectivesThe effect of age on the Health Assessment Questionnaire Disability Index (HAQ-DI) scores of rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients and the validity of adopting HAQ-DI  3-year treatment under T2T were evaluated. The relationships between the HAQ-DI score at follow-up (HAQ) and 28-joint Disease Activity Score with C-reactive protein, Sharp/van der Heijde Score, age at follow-up, and HAQ-DI at baseline were statistically evaluated with best subset regression analy sis in groups separated according to age and the EULAR response. CDC status was evaluated with a chi-square test.ResultsThe HAQ score signific...
Source: Clinical Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The role of occupational therapists in ICU rehabilitation is not currently well established. Current interventions in the ICU are dominated by physical rehabilitation with a growing role in communication and delirium prevention and care. Given the diverse needs of ICU patients and the scope of occupational therapy, there could be an opportunities for occupational therapists to expand their role and spearhead original research investigating an enriched breadth of ICU interventions.
Source: Critical Care Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Online Review Articles Source Type: research
“Every vote will count in this election” and we need to persuade people to register to vote – and to register for a postal vote. It’s crucial to “get that message out in the workplace, to family and friends.” UNISON assistant general secretary Christina McAnea (pictured above) was addressing the union’s LGBT+ conference in Bournemouth this morning, with less than a month to go before the general election. She stressed that research shows that UNISON and its reps are trusted by the membership – and because of that, they have the potential to make a real difference when po...
Source: UNISON Health care news - Category: UK Health Authors: Tags: Article News christina mccanea LGBT Source Type: news
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