Depression in migrant workers and nationals of Qatar: An exploratory cross-cultural study.

Depression in migrant workers and nationals of Qatar: An exploratory cross-cultural study. Int J Soc Psychiatry. 2019 May 26;:20764019850589 Authors: Khaled SM, Gray R Abstract BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence of depressive symptoms among migrants and non-migrants living in Qatar and identify variables associated with depressive symptomology in these groups, including culture of origin, time living in country and perceived quality of life. In addition, we tested if the latter two variables moderated the effect of culture of origin on depressive symptomology in the migrant groups. SUBJECT AND METHODS: A telephone survey of a probability-based sample of 2,520 participants was conducted in February 2016. The sample was divided into three groups based on nationality and income: labour migrants (LMs), white-collar migrants (WCMs) and non-migrants or Qatari nationals (QNs). Participants completed the Whooley two-question test for depression. RESULTS: The odds of depression were significantly increased in LMs (OR = 3.31, 95% CI = 2.36-4.65) and WCMs (OR = 1.40, 95% CI = 1.04-1.90) compared with non-migrants. Among LMs, having a problem with current employer in the last 3 months was also associated with depressive symptoms (OR = 2.10, 95% CI = 1.14-3.84). Culture of origin was significantly associated with depressive symptoms includ...
Source: The International Journal of Social Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Int J Soc Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: NBDE Exams & Licensure Exams Source Type: forums
Abstract Pancreatic cancer is associated with a poor prognosis and high mortality. Thus, distress that includes depression and anxiety is a relatively common comorbidity for patients suffering from pancreatic cancer. However, these psychological symptoms are likely to be under-detected and undertreated. Regarding high levels of unmet needs of psychological support for patients with pancreatic cancer, early screening for distress and adequate interventions should be considered in palliative care settings. Suicide, a common but preventable cause of mortality for patients with pancreatic cancer, also deserves the fur...
Source: Korean J Gastroenter... - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Korean J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
We examined 969 patients, at least 6 months after myocardial infarction or coronary revascularisation. Depression or anxiety was assessed using a standard HADS (Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale), while QoL by SF-36 (Short-Form-36 Questions) questionnaires. Follow-up was done to assess mortality in incidence of non-fatal cardiovascular event. Results: Both mood disorders were rather frequent; borderline depression or anxiety (HADS score 8-10) had 14.8 or 10.9% of patients, respectively; moderate-to-severe depression or anxiety (HADS score ≥11) had another 8.2 or 6.7% of patients. After adjustment for potentia...
Source: Acta Cardiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Acta Cardiol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Noélle de Oliveira Freitas, Natássia Condilo Pitta, Rosana Aparecida Spadoti Dantas, Jayme Adriano Farina, Lidia Aparecida RossiAbstractObjectivesTo compare perceived stigmatization, symptoms of depression and self-esteem of adults from Brazilian general population with Brazilian burns survivors and to verify the possible correlations between these populations.MethodThe general population and burn survivors administered the adapted Brazilian versions of the Perceived Stigmatization Questionnaire (BR-PSQ-R), Beck Depression Inventory (BDI...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
This study used a transgenic strategy, specifically rats overexpressing the A2A receptor, to characterize the neurobiological mechanisms of ethanol consumption as measured by intermittent access to 20% ethanol (IAE) in a two-bottle choice paradigm. In this model, no change in ethanol consumption was observed in transgenic animals compared to wild type controls during the acquisition/maintenance phase. Following alcohol deprivation (AD), only transgenic rats overexpressing the A2A receptor exhibited escalation of ethanol consumption and drank more (by ca. 90%), but not significantly, ethanol than did the wild type rats. Dur...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2019Source: NeuroscienceAuthor(s): José Antonio Noriega-Prieto, Laura Eva Maglio, Yasir Gallero-Salas, David Fernández de SevillaAbstractDendritic calcium (Ca2+) spikes play a key role in the genesis of long-term synaptic plasticity. Although synaptic plasticity in the infralimbic cortex is critical for the extinction of fear conditioned memory, the role of Ca2+-spikes in the induction of synaptic plasticity at this cortex has not been explored in depth. Here we show that Ca2+-spikes in layer 5 pyramidal neurons (L5 PNs) of the rat infralimbic cortex are crucial in...
Source: Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
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Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Psychology Around the Net anxiety art Children cisgender Creativity Fear gender nonconforming genderqueer Genetics kids Language Skills Liz Beecroft nikes nonbinary Prince William School Transgender Source Type: blogs
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Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Adolescence is characterized by an increased vulnerability for internalizing psychopathologies such as depression and anxiety. A positive association between anxiety and depression has consistently been found in research. However, the specific ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
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