ASCO GI: Docetaxel for Advanced Esophagogastric Adenocarcinoma Improves Survival in Second-Line Setting

Adding the chemotherapy docetaxel to active symptom control in advanced esophagogastric adenocarcinoma improves survival of patients. These are the results of the phase III COUGAR-02 trial.
Source: Cancer Network - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: news

Related Links:

ConclusionFollow-up cachexia had an early onset, but was not a prognostic factor for overall survival in patients with PDAC. Some adverse events tended to be more frequent in patients with follow-up cachexia than in those without follow-up cachexia.
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Rationale: Signet ring cell carcinoma of the stomach is prone to relapse and metastasis after traditional surgical treatment, and the prognosis is also poor. We improved the concept of treatment and conducted cytoreductive surgery (CRS) plus hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy (HIPEC) combined with intraperitoneal (IP) and intravenous (IV) chemotherapy for a gastric signet-cell carcinoma patient. Patient concerns: A 65-year-old male patient with complaint of intermittent hematemesis for over 10 days was referred to our hospital for treatment. The patient developed hematemesis of 800 mL without obvious causes o...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Rationale: Anlotinib has been proved to be effective in advanced refractory non-small cell lung cancer. Patient concerns: A 47-year-old female non-smoker was admitted due to persistent chest tightness for a month. Diagnoses: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) wild-type advanced primary lung adenocarcinoma without brain or bone metastasis. Interventions: The patient failed 2 lines of pemetrexed/docetaxel plus carboplatin and third-line erlotinib. Fourth-line anlotinib was administered thereafter. Outcomes: The pulmonary lesions showed partial remission 5 months after anlotinib monotherapy. The patient dem...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study demonstrated the feasibility of total laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy combined with vascular resection and artificial vascular graft reconstruction in properly selected cases of pancreatic cancer with vein involvement after neoadjuvant chemotherapy. It is worth noting that skilled laparoscopic technicians and effective teamwork are necessities for safe completion of the procedure.
Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionMALAT1 is involved in HR pathway by protecting BRCA1 and targeting MALAT1 induces DNA damages in NSCLC.
Source: Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
ConclusionFGF8 is a  promising target for new anticancer therapies using FGF inhibitors in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas.
Source: European Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: To compare the clinical characteristics and overall survival (OS) of germline mutation carriers in homologous recombination repair (HRR) genes and non-carriers with pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC). METHODS: Germline DNA from 3,078 patients with PDAC enrolled in a prospective registry at Mayo Clinic between 2000 and 2017 was analyzed for mutations in 37 cancer predisposition genes. Characteristics and OS of patients with mutations in 8 genes (ATM, BARD1, BRCA1, BRCA2, BRIP1, PALB2, RAD51C, and RAD51D) involved in HRR were compared to patients testing negative for mutations in all 37 g...
Source: Clinical Cancer Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Clin Cancer Res Source Type: research
Neoadjuvant chemotherapy and short-course radiotherapy followed by resection has been gaining recognition in the treatment of rectal cancer. Avelumab is a fully human immunoglobulin that binds Programmed Death...
Source: Radiation Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Conclusions EUS-HTP induces a significant 1-month VTVRR. This effect is assessed accurately by evaluation of necrosis and tumor volumes. Use of VTVRR and Choi criteria, but not RECIST 1.1 criteria, might identify patients who could benefit clinically from EUS-HTP. [...] Georg Thieme Verlag KG Rüdigerstraße 14, 70469 Stuttgart, GermanyArticle in Thieme eJournals: Table of contents  |  Abstract  |  open access Full text
Source: Endoscopy International Open - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
This study aimed to construct a novel staging system with greater prognostication for resectable PDAC by incorporating tumor grade into the 8th AJCC system. Methods: A total of 9966 patients with resectable PDAC from the Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) database were randomly separated into training and interval validation sets. Another 324 patients from our center were included as an external validation set. We proposed a novel staging system by sorting the substages yielded by a combination of T, N, and tumor grade based on their overall survival (OS) and grouping them into several stages. Prognostic ...
Source: Journal of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: J Oncol Source Type: research
More News: Adenocarcinoma | Cancer | Cancer & Oncology | Chemotherapy | Docetaxel | Taxotere