Prediction and risk assessment of five heavy metals in maize and peanut: a case study of Guangxi, China
Publication date: Available online 27 May 2019Source: Environmental Toxicology and PharmacologyAuthor(s): Qiubei Gu, Tao Yu, Zhongfang Yang, Junfeng Ji, Qingye Hou, Lei Wang, Xueji Wei, Qizuan ZhangAbstractTo assess the contamination levels and health risk of cadmium (Cd), copper (Cu), mercury (Hg), lead (Pb), and zinc (Zn) to human beings, the concentrations of these heavy metals in soil were surveyed and the concentrations in maize and peanut grains were estimated by models. The geo-accumulation index (I geo) was calculated, and chronic daily intake (CDI), hazard quotient (HQ) and hazard index (HI) were estimated. Results indicated that the concentrations of Cd, Cu, Hg, Pb, and Zn in the soil samples exceeded the limit set by authorities in China. However, the concentrations in maize and peanut grains were rarely higher than the allowable concentrations suggested by the Ministry of Health of China (MHC). In accordance with geo-accumulation, these heavy metals in soil samples were polluted to different extents. Prediction models were developed to effectively assess the health risk of using TOC, Mn, pH, and CaO to human beings. Therefore, the concentrations of these heavy metals in the grains could be decreased by changing their levels in soil. The CDI, HQ, and HI were estimated by estimating concentrations of Cd, Cu, Pb, and Zn in maize grains, indicating that these metals exhibited a slight health risk to adult residents.
ConclusionsPA activates PXR signalling and suppresses NF-κB signalling, consequently causing ameliorating inflammation. Results highlight the importance of PXR–NF-κB crosstalk in colitis and suggest a novel therapeutic reagent.Graphical abstract
ConclusionsThis study suggests that PLS exhibits anti-inflammatory action against intestinal damage by reducing inflammatory cell infiltration, oxidative stress, pro-inflammatory action of cytokines, and COX-2 expression in the inflamed colon. PLS shows therapeutic potential against inflammatory disorders like UC.Graphical abstract
ConclusionsThe findings indicate that combined traditional Thai herbal formulations can be used to successfully treat chronic eczema and could be considered as an alternative treatment for refractory chronic eczema.
ConclusionsFrailty assessment may be good value for money. However, limited availability of geriatric consultation services, may hinder implementation. Thus, the estimated benefits of frailty screening may not be achievable in practice.
We report the case of a 17-year-old patient with recurrent hemorrhagic pericardial effusion, who was diagnosed with primary pericardial fibrosarcoma. However, multiple radiological examinations, including CT and [18F] FDG/PET-CT, suggested the presence of fluid and no sign of tumor. Actually, when a patient presents with recurrent hemorrhagic pericardial effusions, pericardial tumors must be taken into account as part of the differential diagnosis.
We present two young patients (
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Canadian Journal of CardiologyAuthor(s): Isabelle F. Vonder Muhll
We describe a contiguous gene deletion of the ATM locus in a multi-generation family of Italian descent with a strong family history of pancreatic cancer. A deletion of one copy of the entire ATM gene was identified by routine panel testing and further characterized by chromosomal microarray analysis. An 11q22.3 microdeletion of approximately 960kb was identified that is predicted to result in loss of 10 genes including ATM. The deletion was identified in two additional family members including a presymptomatic daughter and an affected sibling. A normal disomic complement of the 11q22.3 region was detected in a third famil...
Conclusions: The DC-TAV program is an ambitious, civilian-military, nationwide and long-term program, based on a harmonised standard of care and including multidimensional training. Further studies are required to assess its efficacy.
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Arnaud Chaumeron, Jeremie Castanie, Louis Philippe Fortier, Patrick Basset, Sophie Bastide, Sandrine Alonso, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Philippe CuvillonABSTRACTBackground: Rapid sequence induction (RSI) is recommended in patients at risk of aspiration, but induced hemodynamic adverse events, including tachycardia. In elderly patients, this trial aimed to assess the impact of the addition of remifentanil during RSI on the occurrence of: tachycardia (primary outcome), hypertension (due to intubation) nor hypotension (rem...