Brain stimulation improved visual learning in patients left blind by a stroke or brain injury

The findings, published today in the Journal of Neuroscience, form part of a wave of good press for tRNS devices, which have been shown to boost memory in healthy people and to ease depression.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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Conclusions: Our findings show that disability assessment late in the first week after onset of stroke using NIHSS accurately forecast outcome at one month after onset of stroke. The MMSE too is not expected to change at 1 month. Those with aphasia are expected to have greater disability. Based on or study we recommend that stroke patients should be assessed with NIHSS and MMSE before discharge, to explain the prognosis of the patient. Also more intense counselling on controlling blood pressure and diabetes as well as abstinence from smoking should be undertaken routinely. PMID: 31309796 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Assoc Physicians India Source Type: research
Recent years have seen a dramatic increase in computational capacity and the volume of data stored which has fuelled progress in machine learning methodology. Increasing attention is turning towards the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare; AI is facilitating the diagnosis of several conditions, from atrial fibrillation to stroke, and the treatment of others, such as depression and anxiety. Hepatology could see significant change with the introduction of AI but there are important challenges to consider for ensuring successful integration and implementation.
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Correspondence Source Type: research
Conclusions: Health-care providers should be aware that depressive symptoms in one member of a stroke survivor-caregiver dyad may indicate risk for depressive symptoms in the other. Screening both individuals may lead to earlier detection and provide information to guide interventions. Knowing risk factors for stroke caregiver depression may improve prevention/management, but further investigation is needed. PMID: 31303131 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Topics in Stroke Rehabilitation - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Top Stroke Rehabil Source Type: research
This study set out to determine the prevalence of abnormal carotid ultrasound findings and their association with cognitive function among the adults ≥60 years in Wakiso district, Uganda in 2018. A total of 210 participants were included. Carotid artery stenosis, presence of plaque, stenosis and intima-media thickness were assessed by ultrasound. Cognitive status was assessed using a Mini Mental State Exam (MMSE) test. The prevalence of plaque was 21.4%. Variables which included; presence of plaque, age, education, gender, marital status, whether participant stayed alone or with someone else, care for self, occupation...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Corrigendum to "Antidepressive effects of a chemically characterized maqui berry extract (Aristotelia chilensis (molina) stuntz) in a mouse model of Post-stroke depression" [Food Chem. Toxicol. 129 (2019) 434-443]. Food Chem Toxicol. 2019 Jul 12;:110641 Authors: Di Lorenzo A, Sobolev AP, Nabavi SF, Sureda A, Moghaddam AH, Khanjani S, Di Giovanni C, Xiao J, Shirooie S, Tsetegho Sokeng AJ, Baldi A, Mannina L, Nabavi SM, Daglia M PMID: 31307821 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Food and Chemical Toxicology - Category: Food Science Authors: Tags: Food Chem Toxicol Source Type: research
Authors: Stanton R, Rosenbaum S, Rebar A, Happell B Abstract The association between psychotic illness and poor physical health is now clearly articulated in the literature. By contrast the impact of depression and/or anxiety on physical health is considerably less understood, despite depression being the leading cause of disability worldwide and is associated with significantly higher prevalence of physical comorbidities than found in the general population. An Australia national cross-sectional population-based survey was conducted to ascertain the prevalence of chronic physical health conditions in persons with,...
Source: Issues in Mental Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: Issues Ment Health Nurs Source Type: research
ConclusionSchizophrenia and ONOP are the only SMI subtypes associated with adverse clinical outcomes after AMI. However, all patients with SMI were less likely to receive invasive management for AMI, with female gender and schizophrenia diagnosis being the strongest predictors of conservative management. A multidisciplinary approach between psychiatrists and cardiologists could improve the outcomes of this high-risk population.RésuméContexteLe trouble mental grave (TMG) est associé à une augmentation de la mortalité cardiovasculaire. Nous avons étudié la prévalence de...
Source: Canadian Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
For more than a century, clinicians have noticed a paradoxical phenomenon: certain patients who are taking opioids (which are supposed to numb pain) become more sensitive to pain than those who are not taking opioids. The earliest observation of this phenomenon can be traced back to the British physician Sir Clifford Allbutt, who, in 1870, described it: “at such times I have certainly felt it a great responsibility to say that pain, which I know is an evil, is less injurious than morphia, which may be an evil. Does morphia tend to encourage the very pain it pretends to relieve?” Research studies and clinical ob...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Pain Management Source Type: blogs
Abstract The pituitary adenylate cyclase-activating polypeptide (PACAP)-selective PAC1 receptor (PAC1R, ADCYAP1R1) is a member of the vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP)/secretin/glucagon family of G protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs). PAC1R has been shown to play crucial roles in the central and peripheral nervous systems. The activation of PAC1R initiates diverse downstream signal transduction pathways, including adenylyl cyclase, phospholipase C, MEK/ERK and Akt pathways that regulate a number of physiological systems to maintain functional homeostasis. Accordingly, at times of tissue injury or insult, PACAP/PAC...
Source: Current Topics in Medicinal Chemistry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Curr Top Med Chem Source Type: research
Conclusions: IPCP presents with a positive influence on improving cognitive impairment and decreasing anxiety as well as depression, while a less effect on improving RFS in AIS patients. Abbreviation: IPCP: intensive patient care program; RFS: relapse free survival; AIS: acute ischemic stroke; MRA: magnetic resonance angiography; ITT: intention-to-treat; LOCF: last observation carried forward. PMID: 31266412 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Neurological Research - Category: Neurology Tags: Neurol Res Source Type: research
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