Ultrasensitive analysis of carcinoembryonic antigen based on MoS2-based electrochemical immunosensor with triple signal amplification

Publication date: Available online 25 May 2019Source: Biosensors and BioelectronicsAuthor(s): Shao Su, Qian Sun, Ling Wan, Xiaodan Gu, Dan Zhu, Yi Zhou, Jie Chao, Lianhui WangAbstractUltrasensitive detection of cancer biomarkers has shown great promise for precision medicine. Here, a triple signal amplification strategy was developed for analysis of carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) by using MoS2-based nanocomposites. Gold nanoparticles-decorated molybdenum disulfide nanocomposite (MoS2-AuNPs) was used to construct the modified electrode and nanoprobe, which could efficiently amplify electrochemical signal due to its large surface area and high catalytic ability. Horseradish peroxidase (HRP)-labelled carcinoembryonic monoclonal antibody (anti-CEA) and HRP were used to co-construct the MoS2-based nanoprobe, which could further amplify the electrochemical signal by catalyzing o-phenylenediamine (o-PD) in the presence of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). Expectedly, an excellent analytical performance for CEA detection was obtained, such as wide detection range (10 fg mL−1-1 ng mL−1), ultralow detection limit (1.2 fg mL−1), high selectivity and good stability, suggesting this immunosensor could detect CEA in real samples.
Source: Biosensors and Bioelectronics - Category: Biotechnology Source Type: research

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