Interventions for promoting participation in shared decision-making for children and adolescents with cystic fibrosis.

CONCLUSIONS: We were unable to identify RCTs with evidence which would support healthcare policy-making and practice related to implementation of shared decision-making for children and adolescents (aged between four and 18 years) with CF). We hope that having identified this gap in research, awareness will increase amongst researchers of the need to design high-quality shared decision-making interventions for young people with CF, perhaps adapted from existing models for adults, and to test these interventions and children's preferences in RCTs. It is also important to target health professionals with evidence-based education programmes on shared decision-making and a need for international consensus on addressing the variability in education programmes. PMID: 31119726 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

Related Links:

CONCLUSIONS: This is the largest cohort reported in the literature of patients with frostbite injuries treated with HBOT. Hyperbaric oxygen therapy may show positive impact on the demarcation level of frostbite and, despite the common side effects, it generally causes no long-term sequelae. PMID: 31730511 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Wounds - Category: General Medicine Tags: Wounds Source Type: research
ConclusionsCSU has strong negative effects on female sexual function, especially in patients with angioedema. Additional studies on sexual health in patients with CSU are needed and should focus on the impact of effective treatment on sexual functioning.
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
The basic science underlying biological psychiatry came first from animal models. For example, rodent studies established the pathways through which early-life experience and stress impact brain systems involved in anxiety and depression (1). With the advent of modern neuroimaging it became possible to study these systems as they function in healthy humans and in those with psychiatric disorders (2).
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Commentary Source Type: research
Anxiety disorders, the most prevalent class of pediatric mental disorders, are viewed as conditions of abnormal threat processing. The circuitry engaged by threats in a range of mammalian species encompasses the amygdala and its connections to the ventral prefrontal cortex, insula, and hippocampus. Thus, this circuitry can be targeted in translational research. Cross-species translational research is crucial for psychiatry given the inaccessibility of the human brain to many research techniques.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Early Career Investigator Commentary Source Type: research
Authors: Araujo-Mariz C, Militão de Albuquerque MFP, Lopes EP, Ximenes RAA, Lacerda HR, Miranda-Filho DB, Lustosa-Martins BB, Pastor AFP, Acioli-Santos B Abstract INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVE: Hepatotoxicity during tuberculosis (TB) treatment is frequent and may be related to the Arylamine N-Acetyltransferase (NAT2) acetylator profile, in which allele frequencies differ according to the population. The aim of this study was to investigate functional polymorphisms in NAT2 associated with the development of hepatotoxicity after initiating treatment for TB in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHA) in Pernambuco, Nor...
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research
Source: The Doctors Lounge - Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oncology, Alternative Medicine, News, Source Type: news
Abstract There is a wide variety of causes of diffuse lung disease in the intensive care unit patient, of which adult respiratory distress syndrome is the commonest clinical consideration. Plain radiography, computed tomography, and ultrasound can be used synergistically to evaluate patients with diffuse lung disease and respiratory impairment. Imaging is not limited to characterization of the cause of diffuse lung disease but also aids in monitoring its evolution and in ventilator setting management. PMID: 31731896 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Radiologic Clinics of North America - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Radiol Clin North Am Source Type: research
Trust is essential to the clinician-family relationship in pediatrics, and it is affected by the actions or inactions of clinicians. High levels of trust can support confidence, peace of mind, and a sense of security. Broken trust can lead to anxiety, ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
The prevalence of mental health problems within students due to high academic demands and learning difficulties is a current challenge the field of education. The aim of this study is to review the scientific literature in order to analyze the effect produ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Marijuana is widely used, especially in adolescents and young adults. In the US, there are about 20 million users (about 7.5% of people aged 12 or older). Marijuana is a mind-altering (psychoactive) drug. Similar to hemp, it comes from the cannabis plant. The plant’s primary drug effects come from the chemical delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol, or “THC.” Marijuana is smoked, “vaped” (inhaling the vapor), or ingested in foods or teas. Over the last few decades, the concentration of THC in the cannabis plant has been increasing. In addition, the plant extracts are more potent. Short-term effects of m...
Source: New Harvard Health Information - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Behavioral Health Brain and cognitive health Drugs and Supplements Pain Management Source Type: news
More News: Anxiety | Children | Conferences | Cystic Fibrosis | Databases & Libraries | Education | General Medicine | Genetics | HIV AIDS | Learning | Study | Training | Universities & Medical Training