Influence of pulse characteristics and power density on stratum corneum permeabilization by dielectric barrier discharge
ConclusionsThe comparison of different DBDs provided insight into the mechanism of DBD-induced SC permeabilization. It also illustrated the need to tailor electrical characteristics of a DBD to optimize it for a particular treatment modality. For future applications in drug delivery it would be beneficial to monitor the permeabilization during a plasma treatment.General significanceOur results provide mechanistic insight into the potential of an emerging interdisciplinary technology – plasma medicine – as a prospective tool or treatment option. While it might become a safe and pain-free method to enhance skin permeation of drug substances, this is also a mechanism to keep in mind when tailoring plasma sources for other uses.
CONCLUSION: Although temporal arteritis is suggestive of GCA, other causes of temporal arteritis can be identified with temporal artery biopsy. PMID: 31201015 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusion: The patients achieved better health benefits from manual therapy when it was combined with cryotherapy. PMID: 31202210 [PubMed - in process]
Pain is usually an indication something wrong with the body and the typical approach to pain is to take appropriate medicine that will help alleviate that pain. However, taking painkillers will have some side effects and it is more complicated, or even life-threatening for those who are allergic to certain painkillers.
Learning is perceived as a process of personal and social construction where people are actively involved in making sense of information they interact with, rather than passively receiving it (Kuhthau 2004). This cumulative and developmental process involves the whole person in thinking, acting, reflecting, discovering ideas, making connections, and transforming prior knowledge, skills, attitudes, and values into new knowledge (Dewey 1933). I’m an educator for much of my time. When I think about it, I’ve been an educator for most of my clinical career – after all, when I helped people learn how to show...
ConclusionThis study indicates that having access to a known midwife might have an impact on women’s birth experience. This study was limited by its small sample size and further research would need to randomise fearful women to counselling or continuity of care to determine the contribution of each to reducing fear.
Conclusionduplicated gall bladder is a rare finding which may be completely asymptomatic. In symptomatic patients specially if associated with gall stones, surgery is required and the surgeon must be aware of any associated biliary anomalies.
ConclusionThese findings indicate that the HFS Weanling group animals were better able to cope with the dietary challenge of an HFS diet than the HFS Adult group animals. Interestingly, when assessing various serum pro-inflammatory markers, no significant differences were detected between the HFS Adult and HFS Weanling groups. Although details regarding the mechanisms underlying an increase in knee joint damage scores in the HFS Adult group remain to be elucidated, these findings indicate that dietary exposure time maybe less important than the age at which a HFS diet is introduced. Moreover, increases in serum pro-inflamm...
STOMACH bloating is an uncomfortable sensation that often leaves people feeling self-conscious and in pain. The ballooning of the belly often occurs are excessive bouts of eating and drinking. Here are 10 drinks to help soothe symptoms.
It is estimated that 2.5 million emergency department (ED) visits annually in the United States are attributed to sports-related knee injuries.1 An additional 184,000 ED visits in the United States each year are attributed to occupational knee injuries.2 About 25% of adults older than 55 years suffer from chronic knee pain, an increasing prevalence due to an aging population and increased prevalence of obesity.3
Publication date: Available online 15 June 2019Source: Journal of OrthopaedicsAuthor(s): Nikola Lekic, Jonathan Sheu, Hayley Ennis, Nathan Lebwohl, Motasem Al-MaaiehAbstractThe Jefferson fracture is a burst-type fracture to the atlas first described in 1919, characterized by anterior and posterior fractures of the weak C1 ring caused by a sudden axial load to the vertex of the skull. Here we report a Jefferson fracture caused by head trauma due to mid-flight turbulence in an unrestrained 56-year-old male airline passenger. Imaging revealed a comminuted burst fracture of the atlas with an avulsion fracture of the transverse...