Study analyzes mortality risks among pro athletes

(Harvard Medical School) A first-of-its-kind comparison between elite pro athletes suggests higher overall mortality among NFL players compared with MLB players. NFL players also appear to have higher risk of dying from cardiovascular and neurodegenerative causes compared with MLB peers.The differences warrant further study of sport-specific mechanisms of disease development. Clinicians treating current and former NFL players should be vigilant about the presence of cardiovascular and neurologic symptoms and promptly treat risk factors such as sleep apnea, obesity, hypertension.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic DisordersAuthor(s): Côme Roux, Béatrice Villemur, Brigitte Giovannoni, Lucie Koeyemelk, Monique Mendelson, Meriem Benmerad, Marie Joyeux-Faure, Renaud Tamisier, Jean-Louis PepinAbstractObjectiveObstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome is one of the most frequent chronic diseases in the general population. The nocturnal rostral fluid shift is accepted as a key mechanism in OSA pathogenesis in medical conditions associated with fluid overload. The main objective of this study was to assess the prevalence of ...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
ConclusionIn consequence of this case we are convinced that an untreated obstructive sleep apnea can lead to retropharyngeal hematoma.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore the mechanism of OSA by assessing the association between the human tandem of P domains in a weak inwardly rectifying K channel (TWIK)-related acid-sensitive K channel-1 (TASK-1) gene and OSA. METHODS: A total of 164 patients with severe OSA and 171 patients without OSA were recruited from the Center for Hypertension of People's Hospital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region (China) from April to December in 2016. Two single nucleotide polymorphisms (rs1275988 and rs2586886) in the TASK-1 gene were selected and genotyped using a kompetitive allele specific polymerase chain reaction genotyping...
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Conclusions:Prevalence of PH in pediatric patients with OSA is low and none of the patients with PH had severe OSA. Current guidelines recommend PH screening in patients with severe OSA, yet OSA severity may not accurately predict risk. Factors evaluated in this study did not demonstrate an increased PH risk; additional research is necessary to improve screening in pediatric patients with OSA.Citation:Burns AT, Hansen SL, Turner ZS, Aden JK, Black AB, Hsu DP. Prevalence of pulmonary hypertension in pediatric patients with obstructive sleep apnea and a cardiology evaluation: a retrospective analysis.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;1...
Source: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine : JCSM - Category: Sleep Medicine Source Type: research
The prevalence of severe obesity, defined as a body mass index (BMI)> 35kg/m2, has been increasing in the adolescent population (1). Affecting between 4-6% of all youth, many of these adolescents and young adults with severe obesity also suffer from co-morbidities such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea, and arthritis (2,3). The benefits of bariatric surgery and subsequent long-term weight loss have been extensively reviewed in adults (4,5), and more recently adolescent outcomes have been reported by the Teen-Longitudinal Assessment of Bariatric Surgery (Teen-LABS) study (6-8).
Source: Surgery for Obesity and Related Diseases - Category: Surgery Authors: Tags: Original articles Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Combined minimally invasive hysterectomy and bariatric surgery for obese women with endometrial cancer can promote sustained weight loss and improve survivorship. PMID: 31403586 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Obstetrics and Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Obstet Gynecol Source Type: research
ConclusionThese data enhance the search for SAS by sleep recording that must be proposed in patients with obesity and a treatment-resistant HT since its management makes possible the improvement of the blood pressure profile and may prevent cardiovascular complications.
Source: Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases Supplements - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONSRYGB offers sustained, long-term weight loss with significant resolution of major comorbidities in older veterans, with acceptably low morbidity and mortality.
Source: The American Journal of Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
We present our experience in the intraoperative positioning of such a patient who underwent surgery for retinal detachment.
Source: Indian Journal of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Source Type: research
Background: Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) has been known to be a secondary cause of hypertension by the JNC 7 since 2003. The prevalence of OSA in hypertension is ranged from 30 –80% in Western countries. There is limited data on prevalence and risk factors of OSA in Asian hypertensive patients.
Source: Heart, Lung and Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: 051 Source Type: research
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