Hypertensive retinopathy and associated factors among nondiabetic chronic kidney disease patients seen at a tertiary hospital in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study.

Hypertensive retinopathy and associated factors among nondiabetic chronic kidney disease patients seen at a tertiary hospital in Tanzania: a cross-sectional study. Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis. 2019;12:79-86 Authors: Chillo P, Ismail A, Sanyiwa A, Ruggajo P, Kamuhabwa A Abstract Background: Hypertensive retinopathy is a known marker of cardiovascular disease, and among unselected patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) more severe retinopathy has been associated with lower estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR). This association has, however, not been widely studied among nondiabetic hypertensive patients with CKD, especially in sub-Saharan Africa. We aimed to determine the prevalence and severity of hypertensive retinopathy and its relationship with eGFR among nondiabetic CKD patients seen at Muhimbili National Hospital in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Methods: A hospital-based cross-sectional study was conducted among nondiabetic CKD adult (≥18 years) patients with hypertension. A structured questionnaire was used to record patients' demographic characteristics and their cardiovascular risk profile. eGFR was calculated using the Modification of Diet in the Renal Disease (MDRD) equation and only patients with CKD stage 3 or more were enrolled in the study. Grading of retinopathy was done using the Keith-Wagener classification. Results: In total, 224 patients fulfilled the inclusion criteria and were enrolled. Their mean age was 45.8±14.1 years...
Source: International Journal of Nephrology and Renovascular Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Int J Nephrol Renovasc Dis Source Type: research

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Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
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