Measles Hospitalizations at a United States Children’s Hospital 2011–2017

Conclusions: Clinicians should be aware of measles complications and treatment. Public and private health efforts should continue to focus on immunization, given significant implications of measles infections for patients and healthcare systems. Future studies may assess complications of measles across the United States as individual outbreaks often occur in specific populations, making generalization of results challenging.
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

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This study was designed to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes of patients with nutcracker syndrome (NCS) who were treated with three-dimensional printing (3DP) extravascular titanium stents (EVTSs). The 3DP EVTS was expected to release the hypertension of the left renal vein (LRV) produced by its compression between the superior mesenteric artery (SMA) and the aorta without causing any complications. METHOD: The pre-operative kidney model of each patient was printed out to enable surgical planning. After that, the EVTS was designed based on the LRV's primitive physiologic structure using computer-aided de...
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: DM patients with poor glucose control are more susceptible to MRSA infection. They suffer from higher antimicrobial resistance, a higher co-infection rate, and much severer pneumonia than non-DM. MRSA itself is an independent risk factor for mortality in all patients. PMID: 31205100 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Qian Li, Yi Zhang, Na Wu, Ning Yin, Xing-Huai Sun, Zhongfeng WangAbstractSomatostatin has been shown to modulate a variety of neuronal functions by activating the five specific G-protein coupled receptors (sst1-sst5). Here, effects of sst5 receptor activation on T-type Ca2+ channels in acutely isolated retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) of rats were investigated using whole-cell patch-clamp techniques. The sst5 receptor specific agonist L-817,818 significantly and reversibly suppressed T-type Ca2+ currents, and shifted inactivation curve of th...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
It ’s becoming more common for pregnant women in the United States to use cannabis: Between 2002 and 2017, the prevalence of past-month cannabis use increased from 3.4% to 7.0% among pregnant women overall and from 5.7% to 12.1% during the first trimester, according to areport published today inJAMA.These and other findings, which were based on the responses of women to the National Survey on Drug Use and Health (NSDUH), highlight “the importance of screening and interventions for cannabis use among all pregnant women,” wrote Nora Volkow, M.D., director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and colleag...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: cannabis use Daniel Corsi gestational diabetes JAMA Michael Silverstein National Survey on Drug Use and Health Nora Volkow pregnancy preterm birth Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 June 2019Source: Food PolicyAuthor(s): Yuan Chai, Philip G. Pardey, Connie Chan-Kang, Jikun Huang, Kyuseon Lee, Wanlu DongAbstractThe global geographical balance of food and agricultural R&D spending is shifting, characterized by a declining U.S. share and a rising middle-income-country share, propelled heavily by the rapid rise of spending in China. Based on our newly compiled data, we estimate that China now outspends the United States on both public and private food and agricultural research on a purchasing power parity basis. The public-private orientation of the research has also ...
Source: Food Policy - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: CPET may greatly facilitate the diagnosis of unexplained dyspnoea. More than 50% of the dyspnoea cases examined here were due to deconditioning or hyperventilation syndrome and would benefit from a simple pulmonary rehabilitation program. PMID: 31204232 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Rarely, emphysematous bullae resolve following infections. Further studies of the mechanisms involved in these natural regressions may be of interest in the development of new therapeutics. PMID: 31202604 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Authors: Feki W, Ketata W, Bahloul N, Ayadi H, Yangui I, Kammoun S Abstract Lung abscesses are necrotic cavitary lesions of the lung parenchyma. They are usually caused by anaerobic bacteria or mixed flora and typically occur after aspiration. Primary lung abscesses occur in previously healthy patients with no underlying medical disorders and are usually solitary. Secondary lung abscesses occur in patients with underlying or predisposing conditions and may be multiple. The initial diagnosis is usually made by chest radiography showing a lung cavity with an air-fluid level. Typically, the cavity wall is thick and ir...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The diagnosis of hypersensitivity pneumonitis should be considered in similar cases. Treatment is based mainly on removing exposure to the causative antigen. PMID: 31202600 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Findings suggest that gaps of VTE care extend in different levels of the medical system, including: the patient, physicians, and medical teams. Patients were sensitive to a lack of disease awareness among healthcare providers. There was appreciation for subspecialty care recommended for VTE. In a qualitative study, using the patient perspective, we have detected frustrations and perceived areas of improvement of the care of the patient with VTE. These gaps are anchored in perceived lack of disease awareness and difficult transitional care. PMID: 31203596 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: International Angiology - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int Angiol Source Type: research
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