Pediatric Asthma Among Small Racial/Ethnic Minority Groups: An Analysis of the 2006-2015 National Health Interview Survey.

We examined asthma disparities among children aged 4-17 in 6 small non-Hispanic racial/ethnic minority groups (American Indian/Alaska Native [AI/AN], Asian Indian, Chinese, Filipino, other Asian, and multiple race) by using the 2006-2015 National Health Interview Survey. These small minority groups represented a weighted 6.1% of the study population (6770 of 88 049). The prevalence of current asthma ranged from 5.5% (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.5%-7.5%) among Chinese children to 13.8% (95% CI, 10.4%-17.2%) among multiple-race children and 14.6% (95% CI, 10.8%-18.4%) among AI/AN children. Compared with non-Hispanic white children, AI/AN (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] = 1.6; 95% CI, 1.2-2.2) and multiple-race (aOR = 1.4; 95% CI, 1.0-2.0) children had higher odds for current asthma. Several small racial/ethnic minority groups are at heightened risk of asthma-associated outcomes, highlighting the need for further research on these populations. PMID: 31120804 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Public Health Reports - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Public Health Rep Source Type: research

Related Links:

A new study looks at the incidence of asthma among children and adults by evaluating age at onset and the role of childhood allergies.BMC Pulmonary Medicine
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pulmonary Medicine Journal Article Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 26 February 2020Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Narmeen Rehman, Mário Morais-Almeida, Ann Chen Wu
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
BackgroundAspirin ‐exacerbated respiratory disease (AERD) refers to the combination of asthma, chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyposis (CRSwNP), and acute respiratory tract reactions to ingestion of aspirin and nonsteroidal anti‐inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). There have been no in the literature investigating d iagnostic delay in AERD. We aimed to investigate whether delay of diagnosis of AERD is associated with poorer clinical outcomes as well as to characterize the role of specialty evaluation in diagnosis.MethodsWe conducted a retrospective observational study of 254 subjects with incident AERD diagnoses between 2...
Source: International Forum of Allergy and Rhinology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Purpose of review The body's largest microbial community, the gut microbiome, is in contact with mucosal surfaces populated with epithelial, immune, endocrine and nerve cells, all of which sense and respond to microbial signals. These mutual interactions have led to a functional coevolution between the microbes and human physiology. Examples of coadaptation are anaerobes Bifidobacteria and Bacteroides, which have adjusted their metabolism to dietary components of human milk, and infant immune development, which has evolved to become reliant on the presence of beneficial microbes. Current research suggests that specific c...
Source: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: PEDIATRIC ASTHMA AND DEVELOPMENT OF ATOPY: Edited by Andy Liu and Pasquale Comberiati Source Type: research
Purpose of review In allergy, personalized medicine passes through the assessment of molecular allergens sensitization profiles. Such technique may help to better diagnose and treat patients suffering from allergic respiratory diseases. Recent findings Different laboratory tests are available today to assess sensitization to molecular allergens, from singleplex assays, to unspecific, screening multiplex assays, mainly performed through microarrays or macroarrays. It is important to collect both results from specific IgE toward allergen extracts and toward molecular allergens, to collect the most complete information o...
Source: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: PEDIATRIC ASTHMA AND DEVELOPMENT OF ATOPY: Edited by Andy Liu and Pasquale Comberiati Source Type: research
Purpose of review Childhood asthma is a heterogeneous inflammatory disease comprising different phenotypes and endotypes and, particularly in its severe forms, has a large impact on the quality-of-life of patients and caregivers. The application of advanced omics technologies provides useful insights into underlying asthma endotypes and may provide potential clinical biomarkers to guide treatment and move towards a precision medicine approach. Recent findings The current article addresses how novel omics approaches have shaped our current understanding of childhood asthma and highlights recent findings from (pharmaco)...
Source: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: PEDIATRIC ASTHMA AND DEVELOPMENT OF ATOPY: Edited by Andy Liu and Pasquale Comberiati Source Type: research
Purpose of review The introduction of high-quality and standardized extracts for immunotherapy has renewed the interest in the treatment of pediatric allergic asthma that represents a high-prevalence disease. Recent findings In addition to clinical trials, several systematic reviews and metaanalyses were published, confirming overall the clinical efficacy of allergen immunotherapy in pediatric asthma. In addition, new data on the preventive effect of the treatment on asthma onset were published. Despite this, many intriguing questions emerged, in parallel to the development of knowledge. Summary Allergen immunother...
Source: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: PEDIATRIC ASTHMA AND DEVELOPMENT OF ATOPY: Edited by Andy Liu and Pasquale Comberiati Source Type: research
Purpose of review Clinical conditions associated with hypereosinophilia represent a field of particular interest, taking into account the epidemiological impact of the different primary and secondary forms. In addition to a classical Th1 response, also Th2 cells can be involved in the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases, among them eosinophilic forms such as eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis. Recent findings In patients with severe asthma, recent evidence highlights the role of pathogenic autoantibodies against autologous eosinophil proteins (e.g. eosinophil peroxidase) suggest the role of autoimmune mecha...
Source: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: GENETICS AND EPIDEMIOLOGY: Edited by Isabella Annesi-Maesano and Antonella Cianferoni Source Type: research
Purpose of review To review recent evidence on the capacity of vitamin D to prevent atopic disease, focussing on food allergy and asthma, and potential underlying mechanisms. Recent findings The incidence of allergic disease continues to increase worldwide. Vitamin D status is influenced by sun exposure and dietary intake. Vitamin D deficiency is linked to an increased incidence of allergic disease and asthma. These associations are generally strongest in early life. The capacity of vitamin D to enhance antimicrobial pathways, promote peripheral immunological tolerance and maintain mucosal barrier integrity may underl...
Source: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: GENETICS AND EPIDEMIOLOGY: Edited by Isabella Annesi-Maesano and Antonella Cianferoni Source Type: research
Purpose of review Severe asthma remains a debilitating disease and a challenge for the clinicians. Novel therapies have been introduced and have greatly improved asthma control and more are under development or in clinical studies. These include anti-IL5/IL5R, anti-IL4/IL4R, anti IL13, anti- thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) and more, and severe asthma is currently managed in personalized medicine approach. However, there is still an unmet need to discover new, clinically available biomarkers and targeted therapies for a large group of severe asthma patients, particularly those with T2-low asthma. In this review, we br...
Source: Current Opinion in Allergy and Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: GENETICS AND EPIDEMIOLOGY: Edited by Isabella Annesi-Maesano and Antonella Cianferoni Source Type: research
More News: Asthma | Children | China Health | India Health | International Medicine & Public Health | Pediatrics | Philippines Health | Study