Clinicoradiological Features of Pulmonary Tuberculosis with Interstitial Pneumonia.

Conclusion Although the HRCT findings for pulmonary tuberculosis associated with IP are atypical, appropriate tuberculosis treatments can lead to favorable outcomes. PMID: 31118378 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research

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AbstractObjectivesThe aims of this study were to compare the high-resolution computed tomography (HRCT) findings of pulmonary infections in immunocompromised patients and to assess the usefulness of HRCT in the differential diagnosis of these infections.MethodsA total of 345 immunocompromised patients with pulmonary infections were included in this study. The diagnoses of the patients consisted of bacterial pneumonia (123 cases), pneumocystis pneumonia (PCP) (105 cases), fungal pneumonia (80 cases), tuberculosis (15 cases), cytomegalovirus pneumonia (11 cases), and septic embolism (11 cases). Two chest radiologists retrosp...
Source: European Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Rationale: Acute fibrinous and organizing pneumonia (AFOP) is an uncommon type of acute lung injury associated with infection, connective tissue disorders, drug exposure, and hematologic malignancies. Patient concerns: A 53-year-old female presented with intermittent fever, chills, and dry cough since 10 days. Chest computed tomography scan showed multiple bilateral patchy infiltrates. PPD skin test was positive but tuberculosis antibody test and T-SPOT were negative. Diagnoses: Histologic examination revealed massive fibrinous exudation with organization within alveolar spaces and scattered neutrophilic infiltrate...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The current clinical case emphasizes issues that a physician may encounter in the differential diagnostics of amiodarone-induced lung toxicity with other lung diseases. PMID: 30594249 [PubMed - in process]
Source: BMC Pharmacology and Toxicology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: BMC Pharmacol Toxicol Source Type: research
This study included 1284 patients who underwent chest CT in 2011 at a hospital. The incidence of PPFE-like lesions and their correlation with age, body mass index, and concomitant pulmonary findings were assessed. Moreover, predictors of lesion progression were evaluated on follow-up. The ethical review board waived the requirement of informed consent for the retrospective review of patient records.ResultsIn total, 397 (30.9%) of the 1284 patients presented with PPFE-like lesions. The presence of PPFE-like lesions was correlated with older age (mean 72.2 vs. 69.9  years,p = 0.002); lower BMI (mean 21.0 vs. 23.2,p 
Source: Japanese Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Our findings broaden the scope of phenotypes caused by mutations in NFKB1. We suspect that this heterozygous mutation of NFKB1 may lead to fewer immunoglobulins produced.Onset was delayed for this patient, at the age of 20. His son is 25 years old now, with moderately reduced levels of IgG but without symptoms. We suspect that he may be ill in the future and recommended that he seek genetic counseling when he is ready to have a child.DisclosuresNo relevant conflicts of interest to declare.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 203. Lymphocytes, Lymphocyte Activation, and Immunodeficiency, including HIV and Other Infections: Poster II Source Type: research
Conclusion: The pillars of radiological diagnosis of destructive pulmonary TB are less thickness of the cavity wall, even interior contouring, rounded polygonal form. Non-tuberculous and cancer cavities are characterized by thicker walls, uneven interior contouring, polygonal fissured form.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Tuberculosis Source Type: research
ConclusionsOur patient ’s case serves as a reminder not to misdiagnose pulmonary cryptococcosis coexisting with adenocarcinoma.
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Ashok Shah, Shekhar Kunal, Rajesh GothiIndian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2018 28(3):333-341 Bronchial anthracofibrosis (BAF), caused by long-standing exposure to biomass fuel smoke, has emerged as a distinct pulmonary disease. It is usually seen in elderly females who have worked long hours in poorly ventilated kitchen full of smoke due to incomplete combustion of biomass fuel. The diagnosis is confirmed on bronchoscopic visualization of bluish-black anthracotic pigmentation along with narrowing/distortion of the affected bronchus. BAF has been associated with clinical conditions such as pulmonary tuberculosis, chro...
Source: Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging - Category: Radiology Authors: Source Type: research
The aim of the present study is to investigate the value of air bronchogram sign on computed tomography (CT) image in the differential diagnosis of solitary pulmonary consolidation lesions (SPLs). A total of 105 patients (including 39 cases of lung cancer, 43 cases of tuberculosis, and 23 cases of pneumonia) with SPLs were evaluated for the CT features of air bronchogram sign in this retrospective study. The shape and lumen of the bronchi with air bronchogram sign, the length of the involved bronchus with air bronchogram sign, the length of lesion on the same plane and direction, and the ratio between the length of the in...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Conclusion: Even though the size of our study population was small, the positive rate of 7.4% was like or lower than those in other lung cancer screening studies. Early lung cancer was detected using LDCT screening in one participant. Lung-RADS may be applicable to participants in Korea, where pulmonary tuberculosis is endemic. PMID: 29962887 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Korean J Radiol - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Korean J Radiol Source Type: research
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