Psychological interventions for people with psychotic experiences: protocol for a systematic review and meta-analysis
DiscussionThe identification of effective psychological interventions and of specific components associated with intervention effectiveness will augment existing evidence that can inform the development of a new, tailored intervention to improve outcomes related to psychotic symptoms, anxiety and depression, distress, functioning, and quality of life.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42016033869
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CONCLUSIONS: START is clinically effective and this effect lasts for 6 years without increasing costs. This is the first intervention with such a long-term clinical and possible economic benefit and has potential to make a difference to individual carers.Declarations of interestG.L., Z.W. and C.C. are supported by the UCLH National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Biomedical Research Centre. G.L. and P.R. were in part supported by the National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Collaboration for Leadership in Applied Health Research and Care (CLAHRC) North Thames at Bart's Health NHS Trust. The views expressed are th...
ConclusionsThe present findings indicate that impulsivity may not only lead to nonsuicidal self-injury, but that frequent engagement in nonsuicidal self-injury may undermine regulatory skill development and lead to greater impulsivity over time during the emerging adult years.
Recent years have seen a dramatic increase in computational capacity and the volume of data stored which has fuelled progress in machine learning methodology. Increasing attention is turning towards the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in healthcare; AI is facilitating the diagnosis of several conditions, from atrial fibrillation to stroke, and the treatment of others, such as depression and anxiety. Hepatology could see significant change with the introduction of AI but there are important challenges to consider for ensuring successful integration and implementation.
Publication date: Available online 12 July 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Amanda MaxfieldAbstractTheoretical analyses by anthropologists suggest that food and water insecurity exhibit multiple conceptual parallels, hold similar consequences for wellbeing, and lead to analogous "coping strategies" aimed at mitigating those consequences. However, these deductions largely originate from studies conducted separately on either food or water insecurity. Thus, these similarities may not bear out when examined in populations facing high rates of both. In particular, some researchers argue that food an...
Study Design. A cross-sectional study. Objective. The aim of this study was to describe multi-dimensional profiles for people with chronic low back pain (CLBP) and to examine the associations between CLBP-related disability and individual, psychosocial and physical factors in a Saudi population. Summary of Background Data. CLBP-related disability is a multidimensional phenomenon. There is growing interest in exploring factors associated with CLBP-related disability in Saudi Arabia but research is limited in comparison to other countries. Methods. Participants completed questionnaires covering demographics, pain ...
CONCLUSION: Based on the results of the current study, we suggest that focusing on the resilience of employees, especially on "support" and "hardiness," factors as well as developing and engaging in interventions that increase resilience in the workplace, can protect against depressive mood and anxiety, especially for those with high levels of job stress. PMID: 31293112 [PubMed - in process]
ConclusionOur results indicated that acupuncture at SP6 showed a significant antidepressant-like effect on an OVX-induced depression rat model by mitigation of ER stress and oxidative stress in amygdala.
In conclusion, ma jor parent–youth conflict during upbringing seems to be linked with an increased risk of depression in adulthood. These findings underscore the need to consider contextual/familial factors in the prevention and clinical management of early-life depression.
DiscussionAs psychotherapy is among the treatments of choice for most adult psychiatric disorders, a systematic review evaluating the benefits and harms of short-term compared with long-term psychotherapy is urgently needed. It is the hope that this review will be able to inform best practice in treatment and clinical research of these highly prevalent and burdensome disorders.Systematic review registrationPROSPEROCRD42019128535