Insight across mental disorders: A multifaceted metacognitive phenomenon.

Insight across mental disorders: A multifaceted metacognitive phenomenon. Psychiatriki. 2019 Jan-Mar;30(1):13-16 Authors: Konstantakopoulos G Abstract There is now general agreement that lack of insight is not merely a fundamental aspect of delusions and hallucinations, or just a symptom of psychotic disorders but rather a multi-dimensional construct. Several different components of insight have been proposed and empirically examined during the last three decades, such as the ability to recognize that one has a mental illness, the capacity to relabel unusual mental events as pathological, the specific attribution of one's symptoms to having a mental illness, awareness of illness' consequences, and compliance with treatment.1 Insight impairment is an important prognostic factor in schizophrenia, impacting negatively on medication adherence, treatment outcome, and social functioning.2 Although largely investigated in schizophrenia and other psychoses, insight impairments are observed in many, if not all, mental disorders. Varying levels of awareness of mental illness and/or of specific symptoms are expected in patients with bipolar disorders, Alzheimer disease and other neurocognitive disorders, obsessive-compulsive (OCD) and related disorders.1,3 While in DSM-5 an "insight" specifier was incorporated for OCD, body dysmorphic and hoarding disorder, patients' insight has been found ranging from good to absent in other disorders, such as depressive ...
Source: Psychiatriki - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatriki Source Type: research

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Authors: Winer JP, Forgeard M, Cardeli E, Issa O, Ellis BH Abstract The process of resettlement in a new country and culture is commonly one of intense stress. Somali immigrants and refugees living in North America represent a large ethnocultural group navigating the complexities of forced displacement and resettlement. Despite the immense resilience exhibited by Somali communities in resettlement, the behavioral health needs of these communities require effective and culturally appropriate psychological assessment tools that can be used across service and research sectors. Given this need, we sought to examine the...
Source: The American Journal of Orthopsychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Orthopsychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our preliminary research suggests that Behavioral Activation modified to address social connectedness in homebound older adults improves both social isolation and loneliness. This intervention has potential for scalability in programs that already serve homebound older adults. Further research is needed to solidify the clinical evidence base, replicate training and supervision procedures, and demonstrate the sustainability of Brief Behavioral Activation for Improving Social Connectedness for homebound and other older adults. PMID: 32980253 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Geriatric Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Am J Geriatr Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings demonstrate little occurrence of olfactory hallucinations but that when they occur, they are experienced as relatively unpleasant in AD patients. Our findings also demonstrate a relationship between olfactory hallucinations and psychiatric characteristics (i.e., depression) in AD. PMID: 32981566 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Neuropsychiatrica - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Acta Neuropsychiatr Source Type: research
Letter to the editor on "Cognitive behavior therapy for health anxiety: systematic review and meta-analysis of clinical efficacy and health economic outcomes". Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res. 2020 Sep 26;: Authors: Pellegrini L, Laws KR, Albert U, Reid J, Fineberg NA PMID: 32985281 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Expert Review of Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research - Category: Health Management Tags: Expert Rev Pharmacoecon Outcomes Res Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 29 September 2020Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related DisordersAuthor(s): Hanna McCabe-Bennett, Olivia Provost-Walker, Richard Lachman, Todd A. Girard, Martin M. Antony
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study assessed the distribution of race, ethnicity, and sex within the US psychiatry physician workforce and trends from 1987 to 2016.MethodsThe authors used physician workforce data to assess differences in race, ethnicity, and sex among psychiatric practicing physicians, faculty, fellows, residents, residency applicants, and medical graduate cohorts. Binomial tests were used for comparison between individual cohorts and to US population statistics. A simple linear regression model was used to assess trends among psychiatric residents and faculty over years 1987 –2016.ResultsWithin psychiatry, historically unde...
Source: Academic Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Completion of hospital-based psychological counseling was the most highly influential factor determining the outcome of the collaboration between the emergency department and community-based mental healthcare center in the management of individuals who had attempted suicide. Completion of hospital-based psychological counseling is expected to help reduce the risk of repeat suicide attempts. PMID: 32989930 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Korean Medical Science - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Korean Med Sci Source Type: research
Clinicians hope that sex will increasingly be considered in clinical trial design and in treating cardiovascular disease comorbid with dementia and depression.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Psychiatry Headlines - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Psychiatry News Source Type: news
Publication date: January 2021Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, Volume 201Author(s): Alex M. Silver, Leanne Elliott, Melissa E. Libertus
Source: Journal of Experimental Child Psychology - Category: Child Development Source Type: research
Children of women who used cannabis while they knew they were pregnant may be at greater risk of symptoms of mental illness than children of women who did not use cannabis during pregnancy, according to areport inJAMA Psychiatry. For instance, youth who were exposed to cannabis in the womb were more likely to report more psychotic-like experiences, as well as problems with aggressive behavior, depression, and anxiety than those without such exposure.“[P]regnant women, and even those contemplating pregnancy, should be discouraged from using any cannabis by health care professionals, dispensaries, and others,” wr...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ABCD study agression anxiety cannabis depression JAMA Psychiatry pregnancy psychotic-like experiences Source Type: research
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