Efficacy and Safety of Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: A Prospective Multicenter Randomized Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial.

CONCLUSIONS: High-frequency dTMS over the medial prefrontal cortex and anterior cingulate cortex significantly improved OCD symptoms and may be considered as a potential intervention for patients who do not respond adequately to pharmacological and psychological interventions. PMID: 31109199 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The American Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Am J Psychiatry Source Type: research

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Publication date: July 2019Source: Journal of Obsessive-Compulsive and Related Disorders, Volume 22Author(s):
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study supports the notion that NDDs may exist along a complex phenotypic/biological continuum. All NDD groups showed a sustained parietal activity profile suggesting that they share a strong reliance on the posterior parietal cortices to complete the mental flexibility task; future studies could elucidate whether this is due to delayed brain development or compensatory functioning. The differences in frontal activity may play a role in differentiating the NDDs. The OCD group showed sustained prefrontal activity that may be reflective of hyperfrontality. The ASD group showed reduced frontal activation suggesti...
Source: Journal of Neurodevelopmental Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Authors: Zhang RT, Zhou HY, Wang YM, Yang ZY, Wang Y, So SH, Chiu CD, Leung PWL, Cheung EFC, Chan RCK Abstract Schizotypal personality (SP) traits have been found to be correlated with autistic traits, obsessive-compulsive traits, depressive symptoms and anxiety symptoms. However, the overall pattern of the relationship remains unclear. The purpose of this study was to investigate the network structure between SP traits and other subclinical features (symptoms or traits) and test the replicability of these relationships. A total of 2204 college students completed measurements for SP traits, autistic traits, obsessi...
Source: Asian Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Asian J Psychiatr Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 August 2019Source: Journal of Clinical NeuroscienceAuthor(s): Tamiris Vieira-Fonseca, Leonardo F. Fontenelle, Fabiana Barzotto KohlrauschAbstractObsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is one of 10 major debilitating neuropsychiatric disorders, according to the World Health Organization (WHO), affecting around 2.3% of people worldwide. Obsessive-compulsive symptoms are caused by shared or distinct genetic or environmental influences. Several imaging studies have detected white-matter alterations in OCD, and recent studies have demonstrated that OCD is associated with variations in the...
Source: Journal of Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
This article reviews the existing empirical literature on technology-supported interventions for hoarding behaviors. Such interventions include online self-help resources, videoconferencing and webcam-based individual and group treatment, “blended” face-to-face plus therapist assisted online programs, as well as virtual reality. Technology-based interventions may extend access to practitioners with expertise in hoarding, incorporate evidence-based strategies that are available anytime and from anywhere, facilitate more cost-effective services, allow for flexibility in scheduling, harness motivation, support eng...
Source: Journal of Obsessive Compulsive and Related Disorders - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
__________ Psychiatric diagnosis ‘scientifically meaningless’ (Science Daily): “A new study, published in Psychiatry Research, has concluded that psychiatric diagnoses are scientifically worthless as tools to identify discrete mental health disorders. The study, led by researchers from the University of Liverpool, involved a detailed analysis of five key chapters of the latest edition of the widely used Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM), on ‘schizophrenia’, ‘bipolar disorder’, ‘depressive disorders’, ‘anxiety disorders’ and ‘trauma-related disord...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Health & Wellness anxiety-disorders bipolar-disorder depressive disorders diagnostic labelling digital biomarkers DSM DSM-5 mental health mental health disorders psychiatric diagnosis psychiatry research sc Source Type: blogs
Conclusions: This study supports the idea that OCD is related to deficits in theory of mind and emotion regulation skills. Thus, further studies are required to confirm the findings of this study. PMID: 31403840 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nordic Journal of Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Nord J Psychiatry Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to use network analysis to investigate the internal structure and central features of these dimensions in unselected schoolchildren and in youth with OCD.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: New Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 August 2019Source: Journal of Psychiatric ResearchAuthor(s): Jasmine Turna, Keren Grosman Kaplan, Beth Patterson, Premysl Bercik, Rebecca Anglin, Noam Soreni, Michael Van AmeringenAbstractBackgroundAnxiety and mood symptoms often co-occur with gastrointestinal problems, such as irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). The extent to which these relate to Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is unclear, despite anxiety being a prominent symptom of this disorder. The purpose of this analysis was to examine gastrointestinal symptoms in unmedicated, non-depressed adult OCD patients compared to age- a...
Source: Journal of Psychiatric Research - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Abstract Homicide is the most serious and costly criminal offense and better forensic and criminological understanding of homicidal ideation as a potential psychobehavioral precursor to homicidal conduct is critical. Using data from the 2016 Nationwide Emergency Department Sample (NEDS) from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) distributed by the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), we found 64,910 cases of homicidal ideation among a sample of 25.6 + million-a prevalence of 0.25%. Numerous conditions conferred increased substantially the likelihood of homicidal ideation includ...
Source: Journal of Forensic Sciences - Category: Forensic Medicine Authors: Tags: J Forensic Sci Source Type: research
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