Application and prospects of butylphthalide for the treatment of neurological diseases.

CONCLUSIONS: The varied pharmacological mechanisms of NBP involve many complex molecular mechanisms; however, there many unknown pharmacological effects await further study.This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives License 4.0 (CCBY-NC-ND), where it is permissible to download and share the work provided it is properly cited. The work cannot be changed in any way or used commercially without permission from the journal. http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0. PMID: 31107716 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 22 February 2020Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical AnalysisAuthor(s): Max Sauter, Philipp Uhl, Jürgen Burhenne, Walter E. HaefeliAbstractExenatide is the first approved glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist subcutaneously or intramuscularly injected for the treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus. Typical therapeutic plasma concentrations are in the low pg/mL range therefore requiring ultra-sensitive quantification. To enable the accurate evaluation of pharmacokinetic studies, we established a UPLC-MS/MS assay with a lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) of 5 pg/mL (1.2 pM) using 20...
Source: Journal of Pharmaceutical Analysis - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Taken together, these results suggest that SXD maybe alleviate EMT in DN via the inhibition of the TGF-β1/Smad/RUNX3 signaling pathway under hyperglycemic conditions.Graphical abstract
Source: Phytomedicine - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Jennifer Grau-Sánchez, Thomas F. Münte, Eckart Altenmüller, Esther Duarte, Antoni Rodríguez-FornellsAbstractMusic-based interventions have emerged as a promising tool in stroke motor rehabilitation as they integrate most of the principles of motor training and multimodal stimulation. This paper aims to review the use of music in the rehabilitation of upper extremity motor function after stroke. First, we review the evidence supporting current music-based interventions including Music-supporte...
Source: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Authors: Di Lullo L, Bellasi A, Guastamacchia E, Triggiani V, Ronco C, Lavalle C, Di Iorio BR, Russo D, Cianciolo G, La Manna G, Settembrini S Abstract Diabetes mellitus, with its complications, is one of the major health problems in economically developed countries and its prevalence is constantly increasing. Kidneys and heart involvement represent main comorbidities in diabetic patients often leading to organ's failure. The treatments available until a few years ago are often associated with hypoglycemia, weight gain, gastro-intestinal disorders and other side effects together with serious averse effects on renal...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
Authors: De Vecchis R, Paccone A, Di Maio M Abstract BACKGROUND: The MacNew questionnaire in its original version is a diagnostic tool which consists of a number of questions answered on a seven-point scale. Among the multiple possible choices, each marked by a box, the examined patient will have to tick only one. In fact, more than one answer for each proposed question is not allowed, for the formulation of the final score. Global and subscale( physical, social and emotional subscales) scores are computed by dividing the sum of the scores achieved for each individual item by the number of items listed in the quest...
Source: Minerva Cardioangiologica - Category: Cardiology Tags: Minerva Cardioangiol Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 May 2020Source: Journal of Molecular Structure, Volume 1208Author(s): M.S. Ganesan, K. Kanmani Raja, K. Narasimhan, S. Murugesan, Banoth Karan KumarAbstractα-amylase enzyme hydrolyses carbohydrate into glucose is known to be an important molecular target for type 2 Diabetes mellitus. In the course of developing α-amylase enzyme inhibitors, we designed, synthesized seventeen novel quinoline bearing proline analogs, subsequently physico-chemical properties of designed analogs were also in silico predicted for their drug likeness evaluation. Synthesized compounds were characterized by spectral...
Source: Journal of Molecular Structure - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Discussion IAB is a rather frequent finding in the general population. IAB is a risk factor for AF and is associated with an increased risk of stroke or TIA independently of associated AF. Key messagesBoth partial and advanced interatrial block are associated with increased risk of atrial fibrillation in the general population.Advanced interatrial block is an independent risk factor for stroke and transient ischemic attack.The clinical significance of interatrial block is dependent on the subtype classification. PMID: 32077319 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Ann Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 February 2020Source: Carbohydrate PolymersAuthor(s): Jun Zhang, Zewen Mei, Xingxi Huang, Yueyue Ding, Yunxiang Liang, Yuxia MeiAbstractA low-molecular-weight chitosan (LMWC) sample was prepared by enzymatic hydrolysis, and used for investigation of special Maillard reaction products (MRPs) and factors affecting LMWC bioactivities. After undergoing MR, LMWC turned to brown color (termed BLMWC), showed reduction of several indices of rice growth promotion. This alteration of bioactivities was attributable to MRPs in BLMWC. A special MRP, 5-hydroxy-2-pyridine methanol isomer (5-H-2PMIS), ...
Source: Carbohydrate Polymers - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Conclusion and significanceThe knowledge of structure-function relationships between different areas of the brain is necessary for characterizing the underlying dynamics. Hence, features based on EBC can provide a more reliable automatic seizure detection approach.
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
We report a patient carrying a novel pathogenic variant p.(Tyr101Cys) in ISCA1 leading to MMDS type 5. He initially presented a psychomotor regression with loss of gait and language skills and a tetrapyramidal spastic syndrome. Biochemical analysis of patient fibroblasts revealed impaired lipoic acid synthesis and decreased activities of complex I and II of respiratory chain. While ISCA1 is involved in mitochondrial machinery of iron-sulfur cluster biogenesis, these dysfunctions are secondary to impaired maturation of mitochondrial proteins containing the [4Fe-4S] clusters. Expression and purification of the human ISCA1 sh...
Source: Mitochondrion - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
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