Reducing the destruction of heart failure

(University of Houston) A University of Houston College of Pharmacy researcher is examining the fight or flight hormones as an avenue to increase heart function following a heart attack, helping alleviate the symptoms of heart failure.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 16 June 2019Source: Pharmacological ResearchAuthor(s): Vasundhara Kain, Jeevan Kumar Jadapalli, Bochra Tourki, Ganesh V. HaladeAbstractLifestyle or age-related risk factors over-activate the inflammation that triggers acute heart failure (HF)-related mortality following myocardial infarction (MI). Post-MI activated leukocytes express formyl peptide receptor 2 (FPR2) that is essential for inflammation-resolution and in cardiac healing. However, the role of FPR2 in acute HF is incomplete and remain of interest. Here, we aimed to determine whether pharmacological inhibition of FPR2 perturb l...
Source: Pharmacological Research - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Typhaneoside regulates IL-6 and TNF-α as well as MMP-2 and MMP-9 in rats with heart failure after myocardial infarction. Typhaneoside can improve cardiac morphological structure and myocardial remodeling and enhance heart function. It may mediate autophagy inhibition in the cardiomyocyte anoxia/reoxygenation (A/R) pathway through the PI3K/Akt/mTOR autophagy transduction pathway. PMID: 31201434 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to investigate the vulnerability of hearts with aging, LVH, diabetes, and pregnancy to ischemic insult and their response to pacing postconditioning- (PPC-) induced heart protection. Methods: Hearts isolated from aged, spontaneously hypertensive and diabetic male and female rats and hearts from pregnant female rats (n=8 per group) were subjected to coronary occlusion followed by reperfusion using a modified Langendorff system. Hemodynamics data were computed digitally, and cardiac damage was accessed by measurements of infarct size and cardiac enzyme release. Results: There were no...
Source: Cardiology Research and Practice - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Cardiol Res Pract Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our results suggest the cell-derived, genetically engineered EVs may be used therapeutically for the delivery of miRNAs for the rescue of MI and may benefit patients in the future.
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
THURSDAY, June 13, 2019 -- Radiation treatment for lung cancer can help extend lives, but it might also raise a patient's odds for heart attacks and heart failure, a new study shows. Many patients may have no choice but to accept the risk: For about...
Source: Drugs.com - Daily MedNews - Category: General Medicine Source Type: news
Authors: Schulz H, Karrasch S, Bölke G, Cyrys J, Hornberg C, Pickford R, Schneider A, Witt C, Hoffmann B Abstract The second part of the DGP-statement on adverse health effects of ambient air pollution provides an overview of the current ambient air quality in Germany and its development in the past 20 years. Further, effects of air pollution on the cardiovascular system und underlying pathophysiological mechanisms are introduced. Air pollutants form a highly complex and dynamic system of thousands of organic and inorganic components from natural and anthropogenic sources. The pollutants are produced locally o...
Source: Pneumologie - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Pneumologie Source Type: research
ConclusionsIn a high-risk population with complicated acute MI, the absolute risk increase in non CV hospitalizations associated with LVEF
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Reductions in gut microbiota‑derived metabolite trimethylamine N‑oxide in the circulation may ameliorate myocardial infarction‑induced heart failure in rats, possibly by inhibiting interleukin‑8 secretion. Mol Med Rep. 2019 May 27;: Authors: Li X, Sun Y, Zhang X, Wang J Abstract Myocardial infarction (MI) is a common cause of chronic heart failure (HF). Increasing evidence has revealed that trimethylamine N‑oxide (TMAO), a gut‑microbiota‑derived metabolite, contributes to the pathogenesis of cardiovascular disease by promoting inflammation. Elevated levels of circulating TMAO ha...
Source: Molecular Medicine Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Tags: Mol Med Rep Source Type: research
Light chains are proteins produced by plasma cells, also called light chains kappa and lambda, are tied together with other proteins (heavy chains) to form the intact immunoglobulins or antibodies. Recent studies have shown a possible role of combined free light chains (cFLC) as an inflammatory marker in patients with chronic heart failure (HF). HF is a significant contributor to overall mortality in the community, but often patients with chronic HF also have chronic renal failure, which could alter the concentration of cFLC.
Source: International Journal of Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Short communication Source Type: research
Abstract BACKGROUND: Mortality after myocardial infarction is higher in women than in men. Data on the association between sex and mortality are conflicting and inconclusive. We evaluated whether there is a sex difference in survival and if sex is associated with the outcome in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI). METHODS: We analyzed 3671 STEMI patients. Long-term and 30-day mortality in men and women were compared. RESULTS: Unadjusted mortality at day 30 was higher in women [221 (8.7%) men died compared to 147 (13.1%) women; p 
Source: European Journal of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Eur J Intern Med Source Type: research
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