Gender-Related Brain Activations during an Emotional Task: An fMRI Study

Conclusion: Given the involvement of the fusiform gyrus in anxiety disorders, this study yields promising findings in order to better understand women ’s vulnerability to anxiety disorders.Neuropsychobiology
Source: Neuropsychobiology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: Using a longitudinal within-subjects design, we showed that hippocampal-amygdalar activation during emotional memory formation is related to depressive symptom severity but not persistence (i.e. time spent with depression or 'load'), suggesting functional activation patterns in depression are not subject to functional 'scarring' although this hypothesis awaits future replication. PMID: 31169102 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Psychological Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Psychol Med Source Type: research
Conclusion Herpes encephalitis may rule your body but don't allow the infection to take over your brain. Herpes encephalitis is suppressible and so its symptoms if managed with great attention. Antiviral drugs such as Zovirax, acyclovir, Valacyclovir are some of the prominently used drugs in suppressing therapy of herpes infection. You are counseled to see your GP as soon as the very onset of any symptoms described above.You've read Cracking the Herpes Encephalitis Code | Causes, Symptoms and Treatment, originally posted on Pick the Brain | Motivation and Self Improvement. If you've enjoyed this, please visit our site f...
Source: PickTheBrain | Motivation and Self Improvement - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: health and fitness Herpes Encephalitis symptoms of herpes encephalitis Source Type: blogs
This study is a randomized, assessor-blinded, sham-controlled trial. Fifty participants with MCI will be randomly assigned to the acupuncture group (n = 25) or sham acupuncture group (n = 25). The acupuncture group will receive acupuncture treatment at nine acupuncture points (GV20, EX-HN1, bilateral LI4, and ST36) twice a week for 12 weeks. The sham acupuncture group will receive sham acupuncture treatment at the same points with non-p enetrating sham needles. Both groups will be restricted from all other treatments for the improvement of cognitive function. The primary outcome measure i...
Source: Trials - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conclusions: Psychological distress and anxiety, but not depression, during pregnancy were associated with higher child general and organ fat measures. A healthy mental state during pregnancy may be important for preventing child adiposity. PMID: 31058541 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research
Exposure to maternal depression during the first months of life may have a lasting negative impact on brain development, suggests astudy published Monday inAJP in Advance.“These findings suggest that the perinatal period, particularly the postnatal period, may be critical for prevention of maternal depressive symptoms in view of the long-term association with child brain development,” wrote Runyu Zou, B.Med., M.P.H., of Erasmus Medical College, the Netherlands, a nd colleagues.The study included a total of 3,469 mother-child pairs who participated in the Generation R Study, a Dutch population-based study. Zou a...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: ajp in advance child brain development maternal depression MRI perinatal period prevention reduced grey matter two year's old Source Type: research
Conclusions: The use of antidepressants, especially SNRIs, was associated with a shorter survival time of sCJD patients. The possible changes in neurotransmitters should be emphasized. Scientifically, this study may provide insights into the mechanism of CJD. Clinically, it may contribute to the early diagnosis of CJD.IntroductionDepression is common in the elderly. Its prevalence rate is as high as 11.19%, and this increases progressively with worsening cognitive impairment (1). The presence of depression is an acknowledged risk factor for dementia (2); it can even double the risk for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) (3, 4)...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 April 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Yaping XuAbstractThe study investigated the alteration of brain functional connectivity (FC) patterns and analyzed the relationship between FC and psychological statue in pulsatile tinnitus (PT) patients by resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging. The eligible PT patients (29) and healthy subjects (29) were enrolled. Brain activity, FC and clinical characteristics, including tinnitus handicap inventory, duration, sleep quality, anxiety, and depression were evaluated. A significantly increased brain activity in the left cerebe...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Hui Xu1,2,3, Chenguang Guo1, Haining Li1, Lin Gao2, Ming Zhang1* and Yuan Wang1* 1Department of Medical Imaging, The First Affiliated Hospital of Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China 2Key Laboratory of Biomedical Information Engineering of Education Ministry, Institute of Biomedical Engineering, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, China 3Faculty of Dentistry, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada Background and Purpose: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) is a rare neuromuscular disorder characterized by unilateral, involuntary, and paroxysmal contractions of orofacial muscles. To eluci...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Rui Yan1, ShiWan Tao1, HaiYan Liu1, Yu Chen1, JiaBo Shi1, YuYin Yang1, RongXin Zhu1, ZhiJian Yao1,2* and Qing Lu3,4*1Department of Psychiatry, The Affiliated Brain Hospital of Nanjing Medical University, Nanjing, China2Nanjing Brain Hospital, Medical School of Nanjing University, Nanjing, China3School of Biological Sciences and Medical Engineering, Southeast University, Nanjing, China4Child Development and Learning Science, Key Laboratory of Ministry of Education, Nanjing, ChinaBackground: Major depressive disorders often involve somatic symptoms and have been found to have fundamental differences from non-somatic depressi...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusion Taken together, evidence from animal and human studies demonstrates that the brain detects levels of circulating nutrients and hormones and consequently organizes an outward response that contributes to the regulation of whole-body glucose homeostasis. However, there are major knowledge gaps about the exact nature of this response and its relative importance compared to peripheral processes. As we have seen, animal studies have provided an anatomical map of CNS glucose regulation and have identified important neurons and neural circuits involved. Additionally, the CNS sensing of key nutrients and hormones has b...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
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