Sero-prevalence of brucellosis among slaughterhouse workers in Bahr el Ghazal region, South Sudan

Brucellosis is an infectious zoonotic disease and is common especially among pastoral communities in most low and middle-income countries. The aim of this study was to determine sero-prevalence, and risk facto...
Source: BMC Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research

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Conclusion: The observed data show a somewhat noticeable prevalence among Iranian blood donors, bringing attention to the importance of pre-donation screening via a questionnaire which supplies answers about occupational history, and any history of exposure or past infections. Further studies to evaluate the frequency and related risk factors in certain populations, in conjunction with implementing stricter regulations in blood donor selection in endemic areas, may be necessary.Transfus Med Hemother
Source: Transfusion Medicine and Hemotherapy - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
AbstractDromedary, or one-humped, camelsCamelus dromedarius are an almost exclusively domesticated species that are common in arid areas as both beasts of burden and production animals for meat and milk. Currently, there are approximately 30 million dromedary camels, with highest numbers in Africa and the Middle East. The hardiness of camels in arid regions has made humans more dependent on them, especially as a stable protein source. Camels also carry and may transmit disease-causing agents to humans and other animals. The ability for camels to act as a point source or vector for disease is a concern due to increasing hum...
Source: EcoHealth - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
This study conclusively highlighted the seroprevalence of bovine brucellosis at state level which might be useful for prioritizing regions for vaccination, designing control strategies and improvisation of clinical surveillance system.
Source: Comparative Immunology, Microbiology and Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
ConclusionsInsufficient awareness and knowledge of brucellosis were observed in the original studies conducted mainly in Asia and Africa. Interventions to improve public knowledge about brucellosis are urgently needed.
Source: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases - Category: Tropical Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract In this work, a novel quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) aptasensor is designed for the diagnosis of Brucella melitensis bacteria, which affects the Mediterranean fever (brucellosis) from the zoonotic diseases that are very common in the Middle East Countries. The method is based on the selection of B. melitensis bacterium from solutions using B. melitensis specific binding aptamer (Apt) attached magnetic nanoparticles. The surface of the magnetic nanoparticles (i.e.,Fe3O4) was modified by 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane (APTES) and then grafted with a hydrophilic macromonomer poly(ethyleneglycol)-methacrylat...
Source: Talanta - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Talanta Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe seroprevalence of canine brucellosis in dogs entering Minnesota for adoption from multiple states was low. Never-the-less, care must to be taken to consider all potential risks and outcomes of interstate and international dog trade, including the spread of infectious diseases such as canine brucellosis.
Source: Preventive Veterinary Medicine - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Currently, Streptococcus suis infection is more commonly reported in Thailand than a number of more familiar zoonoses acquired from pigs – Trichinosis, Hepatitis E, Brucellosis and Japanese encephalitis. [1,2]   See graph below References: Berger S. Infectious Diseases of Thailand, 2019. 506 pages , 169 graphs , 2,339 references.  Gideon e-books, Gideon e-Gideon multi-graph tool, The post Streptococcus suis Infection in Thailand appeared first on GIDEON - Gl...
Source: GIDEON blog - Category: Databases & Libraries Authors: Tags: Ebooks Epidemiology Graphs ProMED Source Type: blogs
In this study, we characterized the role of a novel sRNA, BSR1141, in the intracellular survival and virulence of Brucella melitensis. The results show that BSR1141 was highly induced during host infections and under in vitro stress situations that simulated the conditions encountered within host phagocytes. In addition, a BSR1141 mutant showed reduced survival both under in vitro stress conditions and in mice, confirming the role of BSR1141 in Brucella intracellular survival. Bioinformatic and experimental approaches revealed that BSR1141 affects the expression of many target genes, including the Brucella virulence compon...
Source: International Journal of Medical Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Int J Med Microbiol Source Type: research
Authors: Cama BAV, Ceccarelli M, Venanzi Rullo E, Ferraiolo F, Paolucci IA, Maranto D, Mondello P, Lo Presti Costantino MR, Marano F, D'Andrea G, Di Marco V, Puglisi G, Valenzise M, D'Angelo G, Mondello L, Strano G, Condorelli F, Spicola D, Nunnari G, Pellicanò GF Abstract Brucellosis is one of the most common zoonoses in the world, especially in Southern Italy, where many cases are still recorded every year. 128 cases of brucellosis were observed in Messina (Sicily) in 2016, representing a tenfold increase in the number of cases of brucellosis expected. The aim of this multicenter retrospective study was to...
Source: New Microbiologica - Category: Microbiology Tags: New Microbiol Source Type: research
ConclusionsSince the DOX-SLN showed better effects onB. melitensis enclosed in macrophages than the free doxycycline, it is recommended to use it for treating brucellosis and preventing relapse.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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