Neighborhood linking social capital as a predictor of lung cancer: A Swedish national cohort study

ConclusionThe results of this large national cohort study suggest that neighborhood linking social capital has important independent effects on lung cancer, including incident and mortality cases. These findings indicate that decision-makers must consider the effect of neighborhood-level factors as well as individual- and familial-level factors.
Source: Cancer Epidemiology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research

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In conclusion, SNHG14 silencing suppressed NSCLC progression at least partly by miR-34a/HMGB1 axis in vitroand promoted NSCLC cell sensitivity to CDDP, highlighting that SNHG14 might be a potential target for NSCLC therapy.Graphical abstractThe mechanism schematic model by SNHG14/miR-34a/HMGB1 axis. SNHG14 expression was decreased in NSCLC cells by transfection of si-SNHG14. Then, miR-34a expression was upregulated. Next, upregulated miR-34a inhibited HMGB1 expression. Finally, low HMGB1 level repressed NSCLC cell migration and invasion, and enhanced cell apoptosis and cell sensitivity to CDDP, thereby suppressing NSCLC progression in vitro.
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2019Source: Practical Radiation OncologyAuthor(s): Sarah Z. Hazell, Russell K. Hales, William T. Hrinivich, Kristy Ford, Ken Kang-Hsin Wang, Todd R. McNutt, Peijin Han, Lori J. Anderson, Adam C. Ferro, Joseph Moore, Khinh Ranh VoongAbstractIntroductionNon-homogeneous dose optimization (NHDO) is exploited in stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) to increase dose delivery to the tumor and allow rapid dose fall-off to surrounding normal tissues. We investigate changes in plan quality when NHDO is applied to conventionally-fractionated inverse-planned radiation (CF-RT) plans, in patie...
Source: Practical Radiation Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 June 2019Source: Revista Española de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular (English Edition)Author(s): Gonca Kara Gedik, Farise YilmazAbstractObjective18F-Fluorine fluorodeoxyglucose positron emission tomography/computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) imaging is considered the standard imaging modality for patients with non-small cell lung carcinoma. The aim of this study was to compare clinical staging (cTNM) performed with 18F-FDG PET/CT and surgical staging (sTNM) in patients with non-small cell carcinoma treated with surgery.Materials and methodsWe performed a retrospective analy...
Source: Revista Espanola de Medicina Nuclear e Imagen Molecular - Category: Nuclear Medicine Source Type: research
We report a 76-year-old patient who was diagnosed with concurrent accessory breast and primary lung cancer, both were positive for somatic BRCA-2 (E1593D) mutation. He received concurrent radiation and platinum-based chemotherapy for lung cancer with good response, but breast cancer progressed in about 8 months, and further progressed after single agent anastrozole in 10 months. Next Generation Sequencing (NGS) of breast cancer was also positive forCCND1 (Cyclin D1) and FGFR1 amplifications. Despite a poor molecular profile of breast cancer, and progression following platinum-based chemotherapy and anastrozole, he was succ...
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Lung cancer has the highest mortality of all cancers in the United States. The incidence of lung cancer with metastases to the skin varies between 1 –12%, with the highest incidence seen in men. Here, we present two cases of lung cancer presenting as skin metastasis. The first patient was an 80-year-old African American male who presented to the hospital for evaluation of a right upper back mass. A few months prior to admission, he was found t o have a left lung mass on CT scan of the chest, he underwent biopsy which showed poorly differentiated SCC of the lung. He also had a skin biopsy which showed poorly different...
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, we reported the case of a 74-year-old Japanese woman who developed PLE after partial remission of small cell lung cancer (SCLC) by first-line systemic chemotherapy. Brain magnetic resonance imaging showed no metastatic tumor or cerebrovascular disease. Anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase (GAD) and anti-amphiphysin antibodies were detected in her serum. She was diagnosed as having PLE related to the recurrence of SCLC and received high-dose glucocorticoid, and sequentially systemic chemotherapy with amrubicin. Unfortunately, these treatments did not improve her disease progression and she died 4 months later. Al...
Source: Case Reports in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Results concerning muscle dysfunction in smokers are divergent, since some studies have shown worse results in a variety of muscle strength variables in smokers compared with nonsmoking controls, whereas other studies have not. Moreover, there is rather preliminary evidence indicating worse muscle dysfunction and lower CSA in patients with mild COPD in comparison with healthy (or non-COPD) smokers.
Source: Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation - Category: Rehabilitation Tags: Systematic Review Source Type: research
Source: FDA Center for Drug Evaluation and Research - What's New - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Source Type: news
Contributors : Heng Xu ; Hao Zhang ; Cheng Luo ; Xu-Wen LiSeries Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensTwo novel polyketides, ocellatusones A and B (1 and 2), characterized by either an uncommon oxatricyclo[,4]nonane skeleton (1) or a mesitylene connected dimethylfuran-3(2H)-one nucleus (2), were isolated in racemic forms from the South China Sea sacoglossan Placobranchus ocellatus, together with seven uncommon polypropionates (3, 4a,4d, 5, and 6). Compounds 1 and 2 were further separated by chiral HPLC to their corresponding enantiomers ( ±)-1 and (±)-2, resp...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
Contributors : Ming Xu ; Jiangmin Zhao ; Bin Jiang ; Le Li ; Haihua Yuan ; Hongxiu HanSeries Type : Non-coding RNA profiling by arrayOrganism : Homo sapiensTo determine the circRNA expression profile in early stage lung adenocarcinoma and matched non-tumor tissues, we used circRNA microArray analysis form Arraystar to examine the expression of circRNAsLung adenocarcinoma, a form of NSCLC with high lethality at advanced stage, is becoming more popular in women, non- or never-smokers, and even young adult. However, there are no effective early diagnosis methods at present for patients to cure timely. Circular RNAs (circRNAs)...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Non-coding RNA profiling by array Homo sapiens Source Type: research
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