Hemagglutinin-neuraminidase and fusion proteins of virulent Newcastle disease virus cooperatively disturb fusion –fission homeostasis to enhance mitochondrial function by activating the unfolded protein response of endoplasmic reticulum and mitochondrial stress

AbstractThe fusogenically activated F and HN proteins of virulent NDV induce complete autophagic flux in DF-1 and A549 cells. However, the effect of both glycoproteins on mitochondria remains elusive. Here, we found that F and HN cooperation increases mitochondrial biogenesis but does not cause the mitochondria damage. We observed that both glycoproteins change the morphological characteristics and spatial distribution of intracellular mitochondria. F and HN cooperate cooperatively to induce ER stress and UPRmt. Our preliminary data suggested that F and HN cooperatively disturb mitochondrial fusion –fission homeostasis to enhance mitochondrial biogenesis, and eventually meet the energy demand of syncytium formation.
Source: Veterinary Research - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 12 November 2019Source: Neuroscience LettersAuthor(s): Yunyun Shen, Xuan Wang, Shenyuan Guo, Mengsheng Qiu, Gonglin Hou, Zhou TanABSTRACTThe myelin sheath is a plasma membrane extension that lines nerve fibers to protect, support and insulate neurons. The myelination of axons in vertebrates enables fast, saltatory impulse propagation, and this process relies on organelles, especially on mitochondria to supply energy. Approximately 99% of mitochondrial proteins are encoded in the nucleus. Since mitochondria play a central role in the energy production and metabolic pathways, which are esse...
Source: Neuroscience Letters - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
In this study, it was found that acetaldehyde treatment induced excessive mitochondrial fragmentation, impaired mitochondrial function and caused cytotoxicity in cortical neurons and SH-SY5Y cells. Further analyses showed that acetaldehyde induced the phosphorylation of mitochondrial fission related protein dynamin-related protein 1 (Drp1) at Ser616 and promoted its translocation to mitochondria. The elevation of Drp1 phosphorylation was partly dependent on the reactive oxygen species (ROS)-mediated activation of c-Jun-N-terminal kinase (JNK) and p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), as N-acetyl-l-cysteine (NAC) pre...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
In this study, we show that different TKIs used for treatment of Chronic Myeloid Leukemia have opposing effects on platelet function, with large inter ‐individual differences. Thus, in patients with high risk for hemostatic or thrombotic complications, we suggest that treatment with TKIs should be individualized to minimize risks associated with long‐term treatment. AbstractSince their introduction, tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs, eg, imatinib, nilotinib, dasatinib, bosutinib, ponatinib) have revolutionized the treatment of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, long ‐term treatment with TKIs is associated with s...
Source: Cancer Medicine - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL RESEARCH Source Type: research
Cell Death &Disease, Published online: 12 November 2019; doi:10.1038/s41419-019-2092-1A split-GFP tool reveals differences in the sub-mitochondrial distribution of wt and mutant alpha-synuclein
Source: Cell death and disease - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Mitochondria are the power plants of the cell, responsible for packaging energy store molecules that power cellular processes. NAD+ is an essential metabolite for mitochondrial function, but levels decline with age. The proximate causes of this decline are fairly well mapped, and involve insufficient resources in a variety of pathways for synthesis or recycling of NAD+. The deeper reasons are poorly understood, however, meaning how these pathway issues emerge from the underlying molecular damage to cells and tissues that causes aging. Ways to force an increase in NAD+ levels have been shown to improve mitochondrial functio...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSION: We showed that mitochondrial ceramide accumulation may result in podocyte damage through ROS production. Therefore, this signaling pathway could become a pharmacological target to abate the development of diabetic kidney disease. PMID: 31701696 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Diabetes and Metabolism Journal - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Diabetes Metab J Source Type: research
Nitric oxide (NO) is an important signaling molecule that plays a key role in maintaining vascular homeostasis. Dinitrosyl iron complexes (DNICs) generating NO are widely used to treat cardiovascular diseases. However, the involvement of DNICs in the metabolic processes of the cell, their protective properties in doxorubicin-induced toxicity remain to be clarified. Here, we found that novel class of mononuclear DNICs with functional sulfur-containing ligands enhanced the cell viability of human lung fibroblasts and rat cardiomyocytes. Moreover, DNICs demonstrated remarkable protection against doxorubicin-induced toxicity i...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 8 November 2019Source: European Journal of Surgical OncologyAuthor(s): Sara Hägg, Juulia JylhäväAbstractColorectal cancer (CRC) is a chronic disease of the old population with slow development progressing into clinical signs and symptoms. Biological aging is characterized by e.g. mitochondrial dysfunction and epigenetic alterations (e.g. methylation) - mechanisms that are also important in cancer development. For CRC, specific types of tumors are distinguishable by their methylation patterns and several detection methods using different epigenetic marks have been developed ...
Source: European Journal of Surgical Oncology (EJSO) - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Microbial Pathogenesis, Volume 138Author(s): Muhammad Ishfaq, Wei Zhang, Syed Waqas Ali Shah, Zhiyong Wu, Jian Wang, Liangjun Ding, Jichang LiAbstractMycoplasma gallisepticum (Mg) causes chronic respiratory disease (CRD) in chickens. However, the effect of Mg infection on energy metabolism in chicken lungs is still unknown. The present study was aimed to investigate the effect of Mg infection on energy metabolism in chicken lungs. Four-weeks-old white leghorn chickens were randomly divided into control group (L1) and Mg infection group (L2). Histopathology, transmission electron micros...
Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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