Alterations in the relative abundance of Faecalibacterium prausnitzii correlate with changes in fecal calprotectin in patients with ileal Crohn's disease: a longitudinal study.

CONCLUSIONS: There was an inverse correlation between temporal changes in the relative abundance of F. prausnitzii, but not overall butyrate producing capacity, and changes in inflammatory activity in ileal Crohn's disease. These findings indicate that F. prausnitzii may play a role in gut homeostasis, even though causality is still to be demonstrated. PMID: 31104514 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research

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Conclusion: UST showed to be effective and persistent, inducing short-term clinical benefit and endoscopic response in this real-life nationwide study of CD patients. Significant corticosteroid tapering in patients with highly treatment refractory and long-standing CD was observed. PMID: 31184512 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Many MRE features of active CD comprising the major CD scoring indices are reproducible when interpreted by non-CD focused abdominal radiologists. However, the presence of mucosal ulcerations had no agreement and may need more investigation before including this feature as a driver in therapeutic decision making. ADVANCES IN KNOWLEDGE: Demonstrates the unreliability of mucosal ulceration by non-CD focused abdominal radiologists, targeting a potential area for future education. Key Points The majority of MRE findings incorporated in to many CD scoring indices have fair to moderate inter-rater agreement even...
Source: The British Journal of Radiology - Category: Radiology Authors: Tags: Br J Radiol Source Type: research
Authors: Coenen S, Weyts E, Geens P, Vermeire S, Ferrante M, Vanhaecht K, Van Assche G Abstract OBJECTIVES: Patient reported outcomes are widely used in today's clinical practice. The Short Health Scale has been proven to be an easy-to-use and reliable measure to evaluate quality of life in patients with inflammatory bowel disease. We aimed to validate this Short Health Scale in Dutch speaking patients. METHODS: A total of 157 Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis patients (46% male, median age 39 years) completed the Short Health Scale on a tablet during the outpatient clinic. Validity was assessed by co...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Conclusions: These results support the assertion that FDG180 PET/CT is an effective imaging modality with respect to the detection and quantification of age related increase in bowel inflammation. This suggests the possibility of using PET/CT in the diagnosis of inflammatory conditions such as Crohn’s Disease and Ulcerative Colitis that affect over 3 million Americans[3]. Future studies are needed to investigate the link between inflammation caused by IBD and FDG uptake seen in PET/CT. Once established, this correlation could be used to diagnose IBD reducing the need for the more poorly tolerated tests currently used...
Source: Journal of Nuclear Medicine - Category: Nuclear Medicine Authors: Tags: General Clinical Specialities: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
In conclusion, the results improve our understanding on the characteristics of lncRNAs and mRNAs on regulating host immune response against C. perfringens type C infection, which will provide a reference for future research into exploring C. perfringens-related diseases in human. Introduction Clostridium perfringens (C. perfringens) is a Gram-positive anaerobic rod and ranks as the second most common bacteria that causes fulminant, fatal infectious and immune diseases (Scharff, 2012; Grass et al., 2013). These diseases are characterized by fever, pain, gas production, local edema, and severe tissue destruction, the...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Authors: Strik AS, Löwenberg M, Buskens CJ, B Gecse K, I Ponsioen C, Bemelman WA, D'Haens GR Abstract OBJECTIVES: Anti-TNF agents are effective to treat perianal Crohn's disease (CD). Evidence suggests that Crohn's disease patients with perianal fistulas need higher infliximab (IFX) serum concentrations compared to patients without perianal CD to achieve complete disease control. Our aim was to compare anti-TNF serum concentrations between patients with actively draining and closed perianal fistulas. METHODS: A retrospective survey was performed in CD patients with perianal disease treated with IFX or adal...
Source: Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Scand J Gastroenterol Source Type: research
Crohn’s Disease in Clinical Remission Is Marked by Systemic Oxidative Stress Arno R. Bourgonje1, Julius Z. H. von Martels1, Marian L. C. Bulthuis2, Marco van Londen3, Klaas Nico Faber1, Gerard Dijkstra1† and Harry van Goor2*† 1Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands 2Department of Pathology and Medical Biology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands 3Department of Internal Medicine, Division of Nephrology, University Medical Center Groningen, University of Gro...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
This study has revealed the intestinal and hepatopancreas mycobiota of L. vannamei and the effects of diseases and seasonal variation to the mycobiota. Our study provides important guidance for Pacific white shrimp farming and sheds further insight on the fungal microbiota. Introduction The digestive system hosts a large number of microorganisms dominated by bacteria, which constitute an enormous microbial ecosystem called the microbiota (O’Hara and Shanahan, 2006; Clemente et al., 2012). The microbiota has multiple functions, such as the maintenance of the functional stability and metabolic balance in the di...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Geng-Hong Xia1†, Chao You1,2†, Xu-Xuan Gao1, Xiu-Li Zeng1, Jia-Jia Zhu1, Kai-Yu Xu3, Chu-Hong Tan1, Ruo-Ting Xu1, Qi-Heng Wu1, Hong-Wei Zhou3, Yan He4*‡ and Jia Yin1*‡ 1Department of Neurology, Nanfang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Neurology, The First People's Hospital of Zunyi, Zunyi, China 3State Key Laboratory of Organ Failure Research, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 4Microbiome Medicine Center, Division of Laboratory Medicine, Zhujiang Hospital, Southern Medical Univ...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study showed a good safety and tolerability profile of the studied substance (Monteleone et al., 2012). Since TGFβ has been described to induce the profibrogenetic response of fibroblasts, patients were monitored for 6 months with intestinal ultrasonography, not showing signs of intestinal stenosis. Moreover, half of the patients maintained remission during the 6 months follow up period (Zorzi et al., 2012). Afterwards, a randomized, double-blind, phase 2 study was conducted in CD patients with inflammatory lesions in the terminal ileum and/or right colon, with steroid-dependence/resistance, randomized to three ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
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