Low serum vitamin D is independently associated with unexplained elevated ALT only among non-obese men in the general population.

CONCLUSIONS: In a "real-life" general population, the association between vitamin D deficiency and unexplained elevated ALT is specific for non-obese men. The clinical significance of vitamin D for human NAFLD should be further elucidated with attention for a modifying effect of gender and adiposity. PMID: 31103458 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Annals of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Ann Hepatol Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 19 August 2019Source: Trends in Food Science &TechnologyAuthor(s): Qingying Fang, Jielun Hu, Qixing Nie, Shaoping NieAbstractBackgroundAs an important role of host homeostasis, the glycometabolism was closely related to the process and metabolic pathways of carbohydrates such as glycolysis, hexosamine biosynthetic pathway, and pentose phosphate in the host. Disorders of glycometabolism result in a series of metabolic diseases, such as diabetes, obesity, hypoglycemia, and etc.Scope and approachPolysaccharides, which were widely existing in daily diet and cannot be directly digested by ...
Source: Trends in Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): R. Becerril, S. Manso, C. NerínAbstractThe influence of the growth of Aspergillus flavus and Escherichia coli on the concentration of the main compounds released by essential oils of cinnamon, clove and oregano has been studied. A diffusion vapour test and a subsequent analysis of three different areas of the plate were carried out. The results showed that in absence of microorganisms a gradient of concentration from the centre towards the periphery of the plate was observed for eugenol, carvacrol and cinnamaldehyde but not for thymol or linalool...
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: LWTAuthor(s): Jing Peng, Xu Yin, Shunshan Jiao, Kangli Wei, Kang Tu, Leiqing PanAbstractA hybrid drying method for high moisture foods (apple slices) was proposed in this study. Air jet impingement (AJI) was applied as the 1st stage drying method for fresh samples, and hot air-assisted radio frequency (HA-RF) was used for the 2nd drying stage to reduce the moisture content of semi-dried samples to the target level (
Source: LWT Food Science and Technology - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study provides insight into biodegradable packaging by which synthetic packaging could be substituted.
Source: Food Packaging and Shelf Life - Category: Food Science Source Type: research
This study examines the extent to which data linkages between Indian Health Service, tribal data, and cancer registries affect cancer incidence rates among American Indians/Alaska Natives (AI/ANs) in Michigan. The incidence of tobacco- and alcohol-associated cancers for 1995-2012 was analyzed to compare rates of the Upper Peninsula (UP) and Lower Peninsula (LP) in Michigan and among AI/ANs and non-Hispanic Whites (NHWs). Complete linkage resulted in 1,352 additional AI/AN cases; 141 cases were linked via IHS records alone, while 373 were linked via tribal records alone; 838 were linked through both IHS and tribal records. ...
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
This study applied the contemplation stage of the Trans-Theoretical Model of Behavioral Change (TTM-C) to evaluate health disparity-focused community interventions. Most of the 412 event participants self-identified as lower socioeconomic status (54%), overweight (74%), female (74%), and African American (83%). After event participation, stakeholders demonstrated significant improvement in overall TTM-C scores based on a standard t-test, where pre-event scores (M=30.8, SD=7.0) and post-event scores (M=32.3, SD=6.9) conditions t(346)=5.167, p=.001. For health disparity-related community events, underserved African American ...
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Refugees had comparable burden of non-communicable diseases, but a greaterleast once during the study period proportion of refugees than of the U.S. population had uncontrolled conditions. Duration of follow-up, obesity, tobacco use, gender, age, and region of origin were risk factors for diagnosis. Culturally-tailored chronic disease management strategies are needed. PMID: 31422992 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
Abstract The prevalence of tobacco smoking among people with HIV (PWH) ranges from 40% to 70%. Additionally, tobacco smoking is higher among low-income individuals, yet few studies have examined tobacco smoking in low socioeconomic status PWH. Using data from a cohort of PWH receiving care in an urban HIV clinic, we characterized factors associated with current and former smoking and with initiation/re-initiation and cessation of tobacco use. Among a study sample of 1,607 PWH, the prevalence of current smoking was 46.6% among men and 46.0% among women. Current smoking in men and women was associated with Medicaid ...
Source: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: J Health Care Poor Underserved Source Type: research
Publication date: 2019Source: Advances in Virus Research, Volume 104Author(s): Eva Mittler, Maria Eugenia Dieterle, Lara M. Kleinfelter, Megan M. Slough, Kartik Chandran, Rohit K. JangraAbstractHantaviruses are important zoonotic pathogens of public health importance that are found on all continents except Antarctica and are associated with hemorrhagic fever with renal syndrome (HFRS) in the Old World and hantavirus pulmonary syndrome (HPS) in the New World. Despite the significant disease burden they cause, no FDA-approved specific therapeutics or vaccines exist against these lethal viruses. The lack of available interven...
Source: Advances in Virus Research - Category: Virology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish Immunology, Volume 93Author(s): Pan Wu, Weiguang Yang, Yuying Dong, Yanling Wang, Ying Zhang, Xuejun Zou, Hui Ge, Dongxue Hu, Yubo Cui, Zhaobo ChenAbstractApplication of traditional bait in aquaculture caused environment pollution and disease frequent occurrence. Residual coconut could be re-utilized to culture Spinibarbus sinensis as dietary supplement. Therefore, a novel integrated system of the improvement of yield, antioxidant and nonspecific immunity of Spinibarbus sinensis by dietary residual coconut was proposed and investigated. Spinibarbus sinensis could gr...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
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