Putting out the fire – Efficacy of common beverages in reducing oral burn from capsaicin

Publication date: Available online 21 May 2019Source: Physiology &BehaviorAuthor(s): Alissa A. Nolden, Gabrielle Lenart, John E. HayesAbstractCapsaicin is classically considered an irritant, due to the warming and burning sensations it elicits. Widespread consumption of chilis suggests many individuals enjoy this burn, but these sensations can be overwhelming if the burn is too intense. While substantial folklore exists on the ability of specific beverages to mitigate capsaicin burn, quantitative data to support these claims are generally lacking. Here, we systematically tested various beverages for their ability to reduce oral burn following consumption of capsaicin in tomato juice. Participants (n = 72, 42 women, 30 men) rated the burn of 30 mL of spicy tomato juice on a general Labeled Magnitude Scale (gLMS) immediately after swallowing, and again every 10 s for 2 min. On 7 of 8 trials, a test beverage (40 mL) was consumed after tomato juice was swallowed, including: skim milk, whole milk, seltzer water, Cherry Kool-Aid, non-alcoholic beer, cola, and water. Participants also answered questions regarding intake frequency and liking of spicy food. Initial burn of tomato juice alone was rated below “strong” but above “moderate” on a gLMS and continued to decay over the 2 min to a mean just above “weak”. All beverages significantly reduced the burn of the tomato juice. To quantify efficacy over time, area under the curve (A...
Source: Physiology and Behavior - Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Related Links:

Discussion A recent systematic review of house fires in high-income countries found that the risk factors for unintentional house fire incidents included: more children under 5 years of age, more people in the home, more males in the home, adults who are not working, low-income, household smokers, non-privately owned housing, poor condition housing. Other risk factors are not having smoke detectors, but more importantly not having a working smoke detector. Risk factors for injuries or fatalities is similar to the the risk factors for incidents but also includes people who are vulnerable such as a disabled resident, someon...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news
BACKGROUND: Substance use, alcohol use, and smoking use have all been associated with burn injury. Few studies have investigated associations with substances, alcohol, smoking, inhalational only burns, and patient outcomes. The purpose of the study was to ...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
ConclusionThe study is the first of its kind in South Africa to generate bimodal descriptive statistics for burn fatalities. Approximately 3% of unnatural deaths at the PTA-MLL were due to burns, occurring at a rate of ±1 death per week. The data provides a platform for funding, collaborative research, planning and development of public health programs.
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
It’s a Wednesday evening in Brooklyn, NY, and bars are dead. Tea-candle-dotted tables sit empty, waiting for a happy hour rush that isn’t. But tucked away on a side street, hours before its midnight closing time, a bar called Getaway hums with activity. Metal straws clink against ice and cocktail shakers rattle as patrons belly up to the marble bar. A woman fresh out of work reads and nurses a drink at a corner table. An early-thirties couple chats over a pre-dinner beverage, holding hands in the flattering dim lighting. This is New York City’s first permanent booze-free bar, and no one is drinking alcoho...
Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized public health Source Type: news
GRAND PRAIRIE, Texas (AP) — A suburban Dallas woman has been charged after police say she doused her 5-year-old stepdaughter's face with rubbing alcohol and set it on fire. A Grand Prairie police statement Friday says 20-year-old Dalia Jimenez is charged with felony injury to a child and free on $20,000 bond. Police say officers went to the family home May 13 after a child had been reported as burned and in need of medical treatment. Jimenez initially blamed the burns on an accident while lighting a candle. After detectives found inconsistencies in her account, however, Jimenez admitted that she burned the girl's fac...
Source: JEMS: Journal of Emergency Medical Services News - Category: Emergency Medicine Tags: Airway & Respiratory News Patient Care Source Type: news
This study e...
Source: BMC Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 4 May 2019Source: BurnsAuthor(s): Catherine Adams, Connell Locke, James WarnerAbstractObjectiveTo describe the epidemiology of patients assessed by a Psychiatric Liaison Team (PLT) on a Regional Burns Unit in London, UK.MethodA case note review of all patients assessed by the PLT over a 4-year period was carried out. Data were extracted regarding whether the burn was sustained intentionally or non-intentionally, ICD-10 psychiatric diagnosis, alcohol use at the time of injury and mechanism of injury. The independent t-test and chi-squared test were used for data analysis.ResultsThe PLT ass...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
This study aimed to describe the epidemiology of severe burn injuries admitted to burn centres in Australia and New Zealand.Materials and methodsData from the Burns Registry of Australia and New Zealand (BRANZ) were used in this study. Patients were eligible for inclusion if they were admitted between August 2009 and June 2013, were adults (18-years or older), and had burns of 20% total body surface area (TBSA) or greater. Demographics, burn characteristics and in-hospital mortality risk factors were investigated using multivariable Cox proportional hazards analysis.ResultsThere were 496 BRANZ registered patients who met t...
Source: Burns - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Conclusion Massive SI and immune cell paralysis associated with ACLF represent the extreme severity of CAID in response to an infectious or sterile challenge. The severe immune disturbance plays a pivotal role in the pathogenesis of the distinctive features of ACLF: organ failure and bacterial infection susceptibility. Excessive SI in ACLF results from the massive activation and dysfunction of an innate immune system challenged by increased PAMPs and DAMPs. SI leads to cell and tissue immunopathology contributing to hepatic and extrahepatic organ failure. Concomitantly, the course of ACLF is associated with a disproportio...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Hongfei Gu1†, Shuang Shao2†, Jie Liu3,4,5, Zhenqian Fan2, Yu Chen2, Jingxian Ni3,4,5, Conglin Wang6, Jun Tu3,4,5, Xianjia Ning3,4,5, Yongzhong Lou1*, Bin Li1* and Jinghua Wang3,4,5* 1Department of Neurology, Tianjin Haibin People's Hospital, Tianjin, China 2Department of Endocrinology and Metabolism, The Second Hospital of Tianjin Medical University, Tianjin, China 3Department of Neurology, Tianjin Medical University General Hospital, Tianjin, China 4Laboratory of Epidemiology, Tianjin Neurological Institute, Tianjin, China 5Key Laboratory of Post-Neuroinjury Neuro-Repair and Regeneration i...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
More News: Alcoholism | Burns | Milk | Physiology | Tomatoes | Women