Further validation of the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS-30) questionnaire among adult patients with degenerative spinal disorder.
CONCLUSIONS: The SRS-30 proved to provide valid HRQoL scores for all adult patients with degenerative spinal disorders. Implications for Rehabilitation Degenerative spinal conditions associated with spinal deformities are common in patients over 60 years. Low back pain is globally the leading cause of disability. The applicability of the Scoliosis Research Society (SRS-30) questionnaire has not been tested in relation to different pain origins. The SRS-30 proved to provide valid health-related quality of life assessment among patients with degenerative spinal disease independent of pain location. The SRS-30 questionnaire can be used to assess the level of disability and rehabilitation of patients with degenerative spinal disease. PMID: 31106613 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
This study aimed to define strategies to derive NPCs from human ESC/iPSC. Human ESC3, ESC9 and IMR-90-iPSC were used for a three-step protocol to direct differentiation toward mesodermal, subsequently notochordal and finally NPCs. Our results showed that notochordal-like cells (NCCs) were successfully derived from the first two-step of protocol confirmed by immunofluorescence staining of Noto, Brachyury (T) and Foxa2. RT-PCR results showed that the expression of Noto, T and Foxa2 was the highest at day 5 after differentiation. Furthermore, these NCCs can be differentiated into NPCs via the final step of the protocol. These...
ConclusionsThis study provides a first step towards assisting clinicians to select patients most likely to respond to MCT.Graphical abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
The objective of this study was to evaluate the effects of PCD on spinopelvic radiological parameters and their associations with the clinical outcome.MethodsRetrospective analysis of prospectively collected dataset of 28 patients (112 lumbar segments) who underwent single- or multilevel PCD was performed. Spinopelvic, intrasegmental and intersegmental parameters were measured on lumbar X-rays pre-, postoperatively and 6 months after the surgery. Correlations between radiological parameters and clinical outcome data were determined.ResultsSacral slope significantly increased (p
Conclusion. Great L3 and L4 tilt at skeletal maturity, especially those>16°, are predictors of future curve progression and LBP in adulthood, respectively. For adolescent patients with these risk factors, periodic follow-ups into adulthood should be considered. Level of Evidence: 4
ConclusionLBP and lumbar degeneration are common in PD. Both are related to movement disorder symptoms. The knowledge about musculoskeletal conditions in Parkinson ’s disease is important for an interdisciplinary conservative or operative treatment decision of LBP.Graphical abstractThese slides can be retrieved under Electronic Supplementary Material.
We examined change in lumbrosacral spine alignment and low back pain (LBP) following total hip arthroplasty (THA) in patients with severe hip osteoarthritis (OA). Overview of Literature: Severe hip osteoarthritis has been reported to cause spine alignment abnormalities and low back pain, and it has been reported that low back pain is improved following THA. Methods: Our target population included 30 patients (29 female, mean age 63.5 years) with hip OA who underwent direct anterior approach THA. There were 12 cases with bilateral hip disease and 18 cases with unilateral osteoarthritis. Visual analogue scale (VAS) s...
Conclusion. Modic changes were observed in 57.7% of AIS patients 27 years or more after spinal fusion with Harrington instrumentation. The magnitude of lumbar coronal curve was found to be a significant risk factor of Modic changes. Modic change occurred at a higher frequency in AIS patients than CTR individuals, with lower function and worse ODI scores. Level of Evidence: 4
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Patients with adult degenerative scoliosis (ADS) demonstrate an altered gait pattern. Age related changes such as progressive and asymmetric degeneration of the disc and facet joints are associated with degenerative adult scoliosis and lead to segmental instability, deformity and stenosis. Psychological clinical outcome questionnaires (FABQ and TSK) are a reliable and valid measure of the fear of movement related to chronic lower back pain. Self-report measures are routinely used in the clinical setting to capture data related to back and leg pain symptoms, function and perceived disability.
The vertebral column consists of repeating units of ossified vertebrae that are adjoined by fibrocartilagenous intervertebral discs. These structures form from the embryonic notochord and somitic mesoderm. In humans, congenital malformations of the vertebral column include scoliosis, kyphosis, spina bifida, and Klippel Feil syndrome. In adulthood, a common malady affecting the vertebral column includes disc degeneration and associated back pain. Indeed, recent reports estimate that low back pain is the number one cause of disability worldwide. Our review provides an overview of the molecular mechanisms underlying vertebral...
Conclusion For patients in which lateral listhesis was unreadable in 2D imaging, rotatory subluxation was revealed using stereoradiography and at an earlier disease stage. Moreover, different 3D transverse plane parameters are related to different patient-reported outcomes. Therefore, axial rotation can be considered in evaluation of lumbar degenerative scoliosis severity and prognosis. Level of Evidence Level III.