Literature Commentary: Take Two!

In this section of Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology, M. Tariq Bhatti, MD and Mark L. Moster, MD will discuss the following 6 articles: 1. Brownlee WJ, Miszkiel KA, Tur C, Barkhof F, Miller DH, Ciccarelli O. Inclusion of optic nerve involvement in dissemination in space criteria for multiple sclerosis. Neurology. 2018;91:e1130–e1134. 2. Cossack M, Nabrinsky E, Turner H, Abraham A, Gratton S. Timolol eyedrops in the treatment of acute migraine attacks: a randomized crossover study. JAMA Neurol. 2018;75:1024–1025. 3. Rotenstein LS, Torre M, Ramos MA, Rosales RC, Guille C, Sen S, Mata DA. Prevalence of burnout among physicians: a systematic review. JAMA. 2018;320:1131–1150. 4. Shosha E, Dubey D, Palace J, Nakashima I, Jacob A, Fujihara K, Takahashi T, Whittam D, Leite MI, Misu T, Yoshiki T, Messina S, Elsone L, Majed M, Flanagan E, Gadoth A, Huebert C, Sagen J, Greenberg BM, Levy M, Banerjee A, Weinshenker B, Pittock SJ. Area postrema syndrome: Frequency, criteria, and severity in AQP4-IgG–positive NMOSD. Neurology. 2018;91:e1642–e1651. 5. Raynowska J, Miskin DP, Pramanik B, Asiry S, Anderson T, Boockvar J, Najjar S, Harel A. Retinal vasculopathy with cerebral leukoencephalopathy (RVCL): a rare mimic of tumefactive MS. Neurology. 2018;91:e1423–e1428. 6. O'Bryhim BE, Apte RS, Kung N, Coble D, Van Stavern GP. Association of preclinical Alzheimer disease with optical coherence tomographic angiography findings. JAMA Ophthalmol. 2018;136:1242&nd...
Source: Journal of Neuro-Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Literature Commentary: June Issue Double Feature Source Type: research

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In conclusion, our data show how oncogenic and tumor-suppressive drivers of cellular senescence act to regulate surveillance processes that can be circumvented to enable SnCs to elude immune recognition but can be reversed by cell surface-targeted interventions to purge the SnCs that persist in vitro and in patients. Since eliminating SnCs can prevent tumor progression, delay the onset of degenerative diseases, and restore fitness; since NKG2D-Ls are not widely expressed in healthy human tissues and NKG2D-L shedding is an evasion mechanism also employed by tumor cells; and since increasing numbers of B cells express NKG2D ...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
DiscussionAs detailed above, the “elements” in both a classical and a contemporary sense have effects on our mental health and are potentially modifiable aspects that can be harnessed as therapeutic interventions. The most robust interventional evidence currently available shows tentative support for several use of the elements via horticultural and nature-exposure therapy, green exercise/physical activity, sauna and heat therapy, balneotherapy, and breathing exercises. It should be noted that, in many cases, these interventions were not studied in definitive diagnosed psychiatric disorders and thus it is prema...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Conclusions OCB are important biomarkers that can support MRI diagnostics and help to avoid false-positive MS diagnoses. Therefore, the revised McDonalds criteria have increased the importance of the OCB. New biomarkers such as AQP4 have now established themselves in clinical practice, and others such as Anti-MOG and NfL are about to enter clinical routine. An important focus in the search for new biomarkers is the monitoring of therapy efficacy and the prediction of severe side effects. Many other CSF molecules such as CHI3L1, IL-6, or CXCL13 show potential as markers for clinical practice, but further research is nee...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions: These findings support the notion that MS patients exhibit an altered multisensory perception in the SiFi task and that their susceptibility to the perceptual illusion is negatively correlated with their neuropsychological test performance. Since MS lesions affect white matter tracts and cortical regions which seem to be involved in the transfer and processing of both crossmodal and cognitive information, this might be one possible explanation for our findings. SiFi might be considered as a brief, non-expensive, language- and education-independent screening test for cognitive deficits in MS patients. Intr...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 March 2019Source: The Lancet NeurologyAuthor(s): Valery L Feigin, Emma Nichols, Tahiya Alam, Marlena S Bannick, Ettore Beghi, Natacha Blake, William J Culpepper, E Ray Dorsey, Alexis Elbaz, Richard G Ellenbogen, James L Fisher, Christina Fitzmaurice, Giorgia Giussani, Linda Glennie, Spencer L James, Catherine Owens Johnson, Nicholas J Kassebaum, Giancarlo Logroscino, Benoît Marin, W Cliff Mountjoy-VenningSummaryBackgroundNeurological disorders are increasingly recognised as major causes of death and disability worldwide. The aim of this analysis from the Global Burden of Diseases...
Source: The Lancet Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
(Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation) Neurology experts from around the world will convene Nov. 27 in New Zealand for a Global Brain Summit examining what one calls 'the greatest challenge of societies in the 21st century.' Among the neurological disorders to be discussed at the Summit are stroke, traumatic brain injury, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, and migraine and other headaches. The topics are covered in a new series of 11 papers on neurological disorders in The Lancet Neurology.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Publication date: 2018Source: International Review of Neurobiology, Volume 139Author(s): Panagiotis Zis, Dimos-Dimitrios MitsikostasAbstractPlacebo is an intervention with no therapeutic effect that is used as a control in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Placebo effects and responses can produce a beneficial effect that cannot be attributed to the properties of the intervention itself, since it is usually inactive, and should, therefore, be due to the patient's expectations about treatment (placebo effects), or confounding factors such as natural history, co-interventions, biases, among other co-factors (placebo respo...
Source: International Review of Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 2 August 2018Source: International Review of NeurobiologyAuthor(s): Panagiotis Zis, Dimos-Dimitrios MitsikostasAbstractPlacebo is an intervention with no therapeutic effect that is used as a control in randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Placebo effects and responses can produce a beneficial effect that cannot be attributed to the properties of the intervention itself, since it is usually inactive, and should, therefore, be due to the patient's expectations about treatment (placebo effects), or confounding factors such as natural history, co-interventions, biases, among other co-factors ...
Source: International Review of Neurobiology - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Women with high physical fitness at middle age were nearly 90 percent less likely to develop dementia according to a new study.byAlzheimer's Reading RoomThe information in this study is significant.An important finding of the study is thatwhen highly fit women did develop dementia, they developed the disease an average of 11 years later than women who were moderately fit, or at age 90 instead of age 79.Previous studies indicate that if the onset of Alzheimer's could be delayed to the age of 90,the number of people living with dementia would be cut in half.Currently,at age 80 there is a thirty percent of being diagnosed wit...
Source: Alzheimer's Reading Room, The - Category: Neurology Tags: alzheimer care alzheimers alzheimers research alzheimers statistics care of dementia patients dementia care exercise fitness women Source Type: blogs
Abstract Wikipedia is the most commonly accessed source of health information by both healthcare professionals and the lay public worldwide. We aimed to evaluate information-seeking behavior of Internet users searching the Italian Wikipedia for articles related to epilepsy and its treatment. Using Pageviews Analysis, we assessed the total and mean monthly views of articles from the Italian Wikipedia devoted to epilepsy, epileptic syndromes, seizure type, and antiepileptic drugs (AEDs) from January 1, 2015 to October 31, 2017. We compared the views of the article on epilepsy with those of articles focusing on Alzhe...
Source: Epilepsy and Behaviour - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Epilepsy Behav Source Type: research
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