Herpes infection of the cornea

The clear tissue at the front of the eye is known as the cornea, and it must remain crystal clear in order for an individual to see clearly. The herpes viruses can infect the cornea, causing damage to tissue and possibly causing lasting visual impairment if not quickly identified and treated. Herpes simplex: the cold sore virus One of the most common infections of the cornea is caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV type I and HSV type II), or the cold sore virus. The most common question from patients with HSV infection of the cornea is “How did I get this?” The answer is fairly simple. The virus is everywhere, and exposure to it is inevitable. Autopsy studies show that 100% of people over age 60 have the virus in their body, specifically in the trigeminal ganglion that supplies the nerves to the eye. It is a matter of how your body responds to the infection that determines what happens to your eye. The virus can be latent, having no effect on the cornea, or the virus can cause havoc on the cornea in a variety of ways. HSV can cause a breakdown in the surface layer of the cornea, resulting in microscopic defects that result in eye redness, eye pain, and blurry vision. This condition is treated with oral antiviral medications, such as acyclovir and valacyclovir, and preventative topical antibiotics to limit the risk of a bacterial infection developing in the vulnerable eye. In addition, the body’s immune response to HSV can result in cloudlike whitening pat...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Eye Health Infectious diseases Source Type: blogs

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We report the case of a 37-year-old female patient, without past medical history, with multicystic lung disease in a context of chronic abdominal pain, fatigue and weight loss. After several months of diagnostic delay, pathological examination of surgical lung biopsies led to the diagnosis of secondary deposits of pancreatic cancer. The clinical and radiogical situation deteriorated quickly with the development of alveolar consolidation and Aspergillus superinfection was then diagnosed. This case illustrates the value of an early decision to undertake surgical lung biopsy in the work-up of multicystic lung disease when can...
Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
Abstract Restless legs syndrome (RLS) is a common sensory-motor circadian disorder, whose basic components include urge to move the legs, unpleasant sensory experience, and periodic leg movements during sleep, all associated with an enhancement of the individual's arousal state. Brain iron deficiency (BID) is considered to be a key initial pathobiological factor, based on alterations of iron acquisition by the brain, also moderated by genetic factors. In addition to the well-known dopaminergic involvement in RLS, previous studies pointed out that BID brings also a hyperglutamatergic state that influences a dysfunc...
Source: Advances in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Adv Pharmacol Source Type: research
Conclusion: These findings support the use of OMT as a method for the management of chronic constipation and DIOS in the CF population. However, because of the small population size, more research with larger populations is needed. PMID: 31233114 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Larrimore C, Ramnot A, Jaghab A, Sarduy S, Guerrero G, Troccoli P, Hilton K, Bested A Abstract Myalgic encephalomyelitis/chronic fatigue syndrome (ME/CFS) is a debilitating syndrome of unknown origin, characterized by profound postexertional malaise and fatigue, unrefreshing sleep, cognitive impairments, immune dysfunction, pain, autonomic dysfunction, and neuroendocrine symptoms. Although ME/CFS is well documented within the medical literature, it remains difficult to diagnosis and manage. Some of the current challenges include an absence of diagnostic markers, differing diagnostic criteria, and an overal...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
Authors: Ghanchi H, Miulli D, Kashyap S, Toor H, Farr S, Ray K, Ashraf N, Rao S, Sweiss R, Beamer Y Abstract Context: Opioids may be prescribed for the short-term management of acute-onset back pain in the setting of trauma or for long-term management of chronic back pain. More than 50% of regular opioid users report taking them for back pain. Objective: To investigate whether surgical intervention reduces opioid requirements by patients taking opioids for back pain and whether there is a difference between county and managed care hospitals in this postoperative reduction of opioid requirement. Methods: A r...
Source: Journal of the American Osteopathic Association - Category: Complementary Medicine Tags: J Am Osteopath Assoc Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Female medical students showed low knowledge of HPV vaccination and an extremely low HPV vaccination rate, but a higher level of HPV-related cervical cancer awareness. A substantial number of students were not yet sexually active or had never had sex without a condom. HPV vaccination is thus still important for our respondents. There is an emerging need in educational programs for students starting from their first semester of the program and for a broader informational campaign focused on schoolchildren and their parents. PMID: 31233171 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica - Category: Dermatology Tags: Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Our data show that the outstanding local initiative by several pediatricians and school medicine specialists can result in HPV vaccine coverage rates of boys that are comparable to or even higher than those in the national vaccination program for girls. Because acceptance of HPV vaccination among boys in Slovenia is adequate, we believe that the inclusion of boys in the national vaccination program, predicted to occur in the 2020/2021 school year, will yield significant results. PMID: 31233170 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Dermatovenerologica Alpina, Panonica, et Adriatica - Category: Dermatology Tags: Acta Dermatovenerol Alp Pannonica Adriat Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Medicina Intensiva (English Edition)Author(s): M. López-Gobernado, D. Villalba Gil, A. Pérez-Rubio, J.M. Eiros
Source: Medicina Intensiva - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
ConclusionsOn average, reimbursements for administering vaccines to privately insured adults were adequate for most private practices. However, providers’ financial concerns may vary across geographic locations.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Journal of Visceral SurgeryAuthor(s): A. Sokal, A. Sauvanet, B. Fantin, V. de LastoursSummaryAcute cholangitis is an infection of the bile and biliary tract which in most cases is the consequence of biliary tract obstruction. The two main causes are choledocholithiasis and neoplasia. Clinical diagnosis relies on Charcot's triad (pain, fever, jaundice) but the insufficient sensitivity of the latter led to the introduction in 2007 of a new score validated by the Tokyo Guidelines, which includes biological and radiological data. In case of clinical suspicion, abdominal ul...
Source: Journal of Visceral Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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