In Vivo Detection of Chronic Kidney Disease Using Tissue Deformation Fields From Dynamic MR Imaging

Conclusion: Image registration applied to dynamic time series correlated with structural renal changes and should be further explored as a tool for invasive measurements of arteriosclerosis. Significance: Under the assumption that the proposed framework can be further developed in terms of sensitivity and specificity, it can provide clinicians with a non-invasive tool of high spatial coverage available for characterization of arteriosclerosis and potentially other pathological changes observed in chronic kidney disease.
Source: IEEE Transactions on Biomedical Engineering - Category: Biomedical Engineering Source Type: research

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Authors: Mancusi C, Losi MA, Izzo R, Gerdts E, Canciello G, Arnone MI, Trimarco B, de Simone G, De Luca N Abstract OBJECTIVES: Increased arterial stiffness is associated with advanced arteriosclerosis, abnormal left ventricular (LV) geometry and function. Whether increased arterial stiffness is associated with incident cardiovascular (CV) event (MACE), independent of other markers of target organ damage needs to be clarified. METHODS: We selected hypertensive participants of the Campania Salute Network free of prevalent CV disease, with available echocardiogram and carotid ultrasound, ejection fraction ≥50%,...
Source: Blood Pressure - Category: Hematology Tags: Blood Press Source Type: research
ConclusionsMönckeberg medial calcinosis is an incidental finding on panoramic or CBCT imaging. Clinically and radiographically, its importance for the clinician is its strong association with diabetes and chronic kidney disease. The significance of Mönckeberg sclerosis of the infraorbital arteries is unknown. Radiologists and clinicians should be aware of this entity and the importance of documentation of any findings.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
In 1903, the German pathologist Johann M önckeberg described calcifications only affecting the tunica media of medium arteries. The entity was named Mönckeberg arteriosclerosis. Other names in the literature are Mönckeberg sclerosis and Mönckeberg medial calcinosis. The entity is strongly associated with chronic kidney disease and diab etes mellitus. Radiographically, medial calcinosis presents as areas of linear calcifications in soft tissue. The linear calcifications are described as “tram track,” “pipe stem,” “rail track,” or “tram line” when viewed longitudinally.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology, Oral Radiology, and Endodontics - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Conclusions- The observed changes in lymph flow suggest that the lymphatics may influence long-term regulation of tissue fluid balance during salt accumulation by contributing to fluid homeostasis in skin and muscle. Our studies identify lymph clearance as a potential disease-modifying factor that might be targeted in conditions characterized by salt accumulation like chronic kidney disease and salt-sensitive hypertension. PMID: 30354256 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis and Vascular Biology - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Arterioscler Thromb Vasc Biol Source Type: research
Conclusion IgAVN in elderly patients is characterized by severe renal involvement. Elderly patients are at higher risk than adults for treatment-related adverse events. PMID: 30101942 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 June 2018Source: Molecular Aspects of MedicineAuthor(s): Sonja Djudjaj, Peter BoorAbstractRenal fibrosis is the final pathological process common to any ongoing, chronic kidney injury or maladaptive repair. It is considered as the underlying pathological process of chronic kidney disease (CKD), which affects more than 10% of world population and for which treatment options are limited. Renal fibrosis is defined by excessive deposition of extracellular matrix, which disrupts and replaces the functional parenchyma that leads to organ failure. Kidney's histological structure can be divide...
Source: Molecular Aspects of Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Authors: Bob F, Grosu I, Sporea I, Timar R, Lighezan D, Popescu A, Sirli R, Buzas R, Petrica L, Munteanu M, Schiller A Abstract Studies published so far using ultrasound-based elastography in the kidneys, lack to prove a clear relationship between kidney shear wave speed (KSWS) and renal disease progression. Taking into account that the kidney is a highly vascularized organ, the present study aims to find a relationship between KSWS and vascular factors (blood pressure [BP], arterial stiffness). Our study included 38 diabetic kidney disease patients (mean age 56.52 ± 16.12 years, 19 female, 19 male). KSWS, a...
Source: Ultrasonic Imaging - Category: Radiology Tags: Ultrason Imaging Source Type: research
In conclusion, acidosis significantly attenuated vascular calcification in association with downregulation of the LTCC/Ca2+/Runx2 pathway. PMID: 29420074 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Hypertens Source Type: research
ConclusionsArteriosclerosis, especially increased superior mesenteric artery calcification, is associated with an increased likelihood of SBVLs.
Source: Digestive Diseases and Sciences - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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