Criteria for Living Donation from Marginal Donors: One, No One, and One Hundred Thousand

Context: The increasing need for kidney grafts has led to a progressive expansion in the selection criteria for deceased and living donors (LDs). While concerns regarding the use of organs from suboptimal deceased donors relate to the quality of the graft, donation from “marginal” LDs may pose potential harm to the donor.Subject of Review: Living kidney donation is a safe procedure, but is associated with a small risk of end-stage kidney disease in the long- term. When elderly subjects and those with comorbidities are considered, long-term post-donation data are missing, making decisions regarding donation from these populations challenging. Further, vague guidelines have led to a wide heterogeneity in the criteria for living donation from marginal donors across centers and individuals. A recent survey by Lafranca et al. [PLoS One 2017;12:e0181846] collected information from 331 members (mainly physicians) of the European Society of Transplantation regarding several expanded LD criteria. Median refusal rate for potential expanded criteria (ECD) LDs is 15% and the authors found significant differences across regions in Europe in the acceptance of donors with ECD. Some transplant specialists did also deviate from their own transplant center policy, mainly to consider donors with high body mass index.Second Opinion: The survey by Lafranca et al. [PLoS One 2017;12:e0181846] documents extreme variability in the criteria for marginal LD selection. Many centers are devia...
Source: Nephron - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research

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In this study, analysis of antioxidant defense was performed on the blood samples from 184 "aged" individuals aged 65-90+ years, and compared to the blood samples of 37 individuals just about at the beginning of aging, aged 55-59 years. Statistically significant decreases of Zn,Cu-superoxide dismutase (SOD-1), catalase (CAT), and glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities were observed in elderly people in comparison with the control group. Moreover, an inverse correlation between the activities of SOD-1, CAT, and GSH-Px and the age of the examined persons was found. No age-related changes in glutathione reductas...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Authors: Chen G, Gao L, Li X Abstract BACKGROUND: Whether exercise can improve cardiovascular health in kidney transplant recipients (KTRs) is unclear. Therefore, we performed a systematic review of the effects of exercise on cardiovascular risk factors in this population setting. METHODS: Randomized control trials (RCTs) evaluating the impact of exercise on major clinical outcomes in KTRs were identified by searches in Cochrane CENTRAL, PubMed, EMBASE, OVID and CBM updated to December 2018. The main outcomes of interest were blood pressure, lipid profile, blood glucose level, arterial stiffness, kidney functio...
Source: Renal Failure - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Ren Fail Source Type: research
From the Incretin Concept and the Discovery of GLP-1 to Today's Diabetes Therapy Jens Juul Holst* Department of Biomedical Sciences, Novo Nordisk Foundation Center for Basic Metabolic Research, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark Researchers have been looking for insulin-stimulating factors for more than 100 years, and in the 1960ties it was definitively proven that the gastrointestinal tract releases important insulinotropic factors upon oral glucose intake, so-called incretin hormones. The first significant factor identified was the duodenal glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide, GIP, wh...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
In this study, we investigated the genetic contribution to renal disease in Tiwi Islanders by conducting a GWAS, in which associations were tested between SNP genetic variants and single measure ACR levels. A number of nominally significantly associated SNPs were identified. These SNPs did not reach genome wide significance, probably due to the small sample size. The top eight SNPs were re-tested for association in a separately collected cohort from the same population. Four of these SNPs were significantly associated with ACR in the replication sample (p
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusion: The obesity-related SNP rs545854 was correlated with the serum uric acid level and risk of hyperuricemia in a male Chinese population. Therefore, men carrying this SNP could benefit from limiting their meat consumption to prevent hyperuricemia. These findings suggest an underlying genetic link between obesity and hyperuricemia worthy of further exploration. Introduction Serum uric acid (SUA) is a final product of the metabolic breakdown of purine oxidation (1). Since humans lack the gene for uricase that converts uric acid into a soluble form, the human uric acid level tends to be higher than that of othe...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Ryan R. Kelly1,2†, Lindsay T. McDonald1,2†, Nathaniel R. Jensen1,2, Sara J. Sidles1,2 and Amanda C. LaRue1,2* 1Research Services, Ralph H. Johnson VA Medical Center, Charleston, SC, United States 2Department of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, SC, United States The significant biochemical and physiological effects of psychological stress are beginning to be recognized as exacerbating common diseases, including osteoporosis. This review discusses the current evidence for psychological stress-associated mental health disorders as risk factors for os...
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
This study defines a new clinically relevant concept of T-cell senescence-mediated inflammatory responses in the pathophysiology of abnormal glucose homeostasis. We also found that T-cell senescence is associated with systemic inflammation and alters hepatic glucose homeostasis. The rational modulation of T-cell senescence would be a promising avenue for the treatment or prevention of diabetes. Intron Retention via Alternative Splicing as a Signature of Aging https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/03/intron-retention-via-alternative-splicing-as-a-signature-of-aging/ In recent years researchers have inv...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
CONCLUSIONSurgical procedures for weight reduction in dialysis patients does not independently increase the risk for adverse outcomes after bariatric surgery. The estimation of DW through BIA is an effective method for avoiding complications generated by excessive or deficient ultrafiltration.
Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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