Overweight adolescents are as likely to develop heart disorders as obese adolescents

(Funda ç ã o de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de S ã o Paulo) Brazilian researchers arrived at this conclusion after conducting cardiovascular fitness tests with boys and girls aged 10-17. The results were published in Cardiology in the Young.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news

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Authors: Taghadosi M, Samimi Z, Assar S, Salahshoor MR, Jalili C Abstract Background: The effect of obesity on disease severity in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) remains controversial. Adipocytes secrete pro-inflammatory cytokines and adipokines which may contribute to RA disease activity. The goal of the present study is to address the association between body mass index (BMI) with plasma levels of leptin, pro-inflammatory cytokines, and RA disease severity. Methods: Fifty RA patients (20 newly diagnosed and 30 under treatment) as well as 30 age- and sex-matched healthy subjects were included in this survey. The plasma...
Source: Immunological Investigations - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunol Invest Source Type: research
Authors: Pugliese G, Muscogiuri G, Barrea L, Laudisio D, Savastano S, Colao A Abstract There is accumulating evidence showing that obesity is due not merely to increased food intake, but could have a more complex pathophysiology possibly originating from the gut. Due to its microbiological, hormonal, and nutritional aspects, the gut could represent a starting point for the treatment of weight excess. Obesity is associated with a change of microbiota composition that not only could increase the calorie extraction from food but also could create a functional derangement resulting in irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). Se...
Source: Hormones - Category: Endocrinology Tags: Hormones (Athens) Source Type: research
Objective: Antibiotic treatment in early life appears to increase the risk for childhood overweight and obesity. So far, the association between antibiotics administrated specifically during the first week of life and growth has not been studied. Therefore, we studied the association between growth and antibiotics, given in the first week of life and antibiotic courses later in the first year of life. Method: A prospective observational birth cohort of 436 term infants with 151 receiving broad-spectrum antibiotics for suspected neonatal infection (AB+), and 285 healthy controls (AB−) was followed during their fi...
Source: Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Original Articles: Nutrition Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 June 2019Source: Molecular Aspects of MedicineAuthor(s): Joseph D. White, Revati S. Dewal, Kristin I. StanfordAbstractObesity is a disease that results from an imbalance between energy intake and energy expenditure. Brown adipose tissue (BAT) is a potential therapeutic target to improve the comorbidities associated with obesity due to its inherent thermogenic capacity and its ability to improve glucose metabolism. Multiple studies have shown that activation of BAT using either pharmacological treatments or cold exposure had an acute effect to increase metabolic function and reduce adip...
Source: Molecular Aspects of Medicine - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Dyspnea is multifactorial in older adults and may be associated with obesity or other conditions, a cross-sectional study suggests.Reuters Health Information
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pulmonary Medicine News Source Type: news
This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence and factors associated with hypertension. Methods: Community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among 903 adults aged 25 to 64 years in Dire Dawa City, East Ethiopia. Data were collected using World Health Organization (WHO) STEPwise approach to Surveillance (STEPS) for non-communicable disease (NCD) standard survey tool. Multivariate logistic regression models were used to identify relative effects of distal, proximal, and immediate risk factors of hypertension, and all statistical tests were declared significantly at P-value
Source: International Journal of Hypertension - Category: Cardiology Tags: Int J Hypertens Source Type: research
Publication date: 5 November 2019Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials, Volume 379Author(s): Zhendong Sun, Xiaoxi Yang, Qian S Liu, Chuanhai Li, Qunfang Zhou, Heidelore Fiedler, Chunyang Liao, Jianqing Zhang, Guibin JiangAbstractButylated hydroxyanisole (BHA) isomers, as the widely used anthropogenic antioxidants in food, have been revealed to induce endocrine disrupting effects, while the mechanism how BHA isomers regulate the lipogenic differentiation remains to be elucidated. Using 3T3-L1 differentiation model, the effects of BHA isomers, including 2-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (2-BHA), 3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (3...
Source: Journal of Hazardous Materials - Category: Environmental Health Source Type: research
Conclusions: We found no evidence that sleep duration very early in life affects adolescent body composition or cardiovascular health. PMID: 31219339 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 21 June 2019Source: Science &SportsAuthor(s): G. Marinari, C. Espitalier-Rivière, C. Fédou, A.-J. Romain, E. Raynaud de Mauverger, J.-F. BrunRésuméIntroduction et objectifSelon le Centre international de recherche sur le cancer (CIRC) on peut estimer que dans l’Union Européenne, 13 000 cas de cancer du sein (CDS) pourraient être évités annuellement par un maintien à la normale du poids corporel. Cette revue a pour objectif d’analyser la relation entre l’Activité physique (AP) et le CDS, ce...
Source: Science and Sports - Category: Sports Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Brugnera A, Carlucci S, Compare A, Tasca GA Abstract Interpersonal problems play a prominent role in the development of binge-eating disorder (BED), so that reducing their intensity may be a key focus of many psychological interventions. In recent years, several interpersonal treatments for BED were developed, which posit that binge-eating arises to manage relational problems. However, few studies have evaluated the prototypical interpersonal problems, and no studies evaluated the longitudinal changes in interpersonal functioning after treatment within this population. We investigated the severity and prot...
Source: Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Clin Psychol Psychother Source Type: research
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