Clinical and laboratory investigations of poor performing anemic Egyptian horses infested with Theileria equi

This study aimed to evaluate hematology, biochemical constituents, acid-base balance, and blood gases in poor-performing anemic working horses. Thirty Egyptian Balady horses divided into two groups (15 healthy horses as a control group and 15 poor-performing anemic workin g horses). Blood samples were taken from each animal and divided into three portions, the first portion collected on EDTA tubes for hematology examination, the second portion collected on Heparin and sent immediately for blood gases and acid-base estimation, and the last portion collected on plain t ubes for serum separation. Giemsa-stained blood films were examined forTheileria equi infestation. Significant decreases in RBCs, Hb, PCV, monocytes pH, PCO2, HCO3−, Na, Cl, total protein (p ≤ 0.01), lymphocytes, and base excess (BE) (p ≤ 0.001) while significant increases in leucocytes, MCHC, anion gap (p ≤ 0.05), BUN (p ≤ 0.01), neutrophils, GGT, AST, lactate, and cortisol (p ≤ 0.001) levels were recorded inT. equi-infested horses. Poor-performing horses infested withT. equi are suffering from anemia and metabolic acidosis; which should be put into consideration during treatment of such cases.
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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Source: Small Ruminant Research - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Jeffrey G. Shaffer1*, Frances J. Mather1, Mamadou Wele2, Jian Li1, Cheick Oumar Tangara2, Yaya Kassogue2, Sudesh K. Srivastav1, Oumar Thiero2, Mahamadou Diakite2, Modibo Sangare2, Djeneba Dabitao2, Mahamoudou Toure2, Abdoulaye A. Djimde2, Sekou Traore2, Brehima Diakite2, Mamadou B. Coulibaly2, Yaozhong Liu1, Michelle Lacey3, John J. Lefante1, Ousmane Koita2, John S. Schieffelin4, Donald J. Krogstad1 and Seydou O. Doumbia2 1Department of Global Biostatistics and Data Science, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA, United States 2Faculty of Medicine and Odontostomatology, Un...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
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Source: Blood Cells, Molecules, and Diseases - Category: Hematology Source Type: research
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Source: Blood Cells, Molecules and Diseases - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: Blood Cells Mol Dis Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to compile some epidemiological features on equine piroplasmids from the Nhecolândia sub-region of Pantanal wetland through the evaluation of the patterns of T. equi and B. caballi infections in different groups of horses; identification of the tick species that infest horses; and to study phylogenetic relationships among Theileria equi 18S rRNA gene sequences. During October 2015, blood and serum samples were collected from 170 horses in four different categories. Ticks, after identification, had their hemolymph and eggs examined for the presence of piroplasmid sporokinets. Also we se...
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Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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Source: Microbial Pathogenesis - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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Source: International Journal for Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Authors: Tags: Int J Parasitol Source Type: research
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Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
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