Biochemical changes in selected tissues of normal albino rats following treatment with 1,3-bis (furan-2-yl) methylene urea

AbstractThis research investigated the effects of 1,3-bis(furan-2-yl)methylene) urea (BFMU), a synthesized imine compound with potential biological activities, on selected biochemical parameters of albino rats. The compound at varied concentrations (12.5, 25, and 50  mg/kg body weight) was administered intraperitoneally to albino rats for 28 days. At the end of the experiment, activities of enzymes such as alanine transaminase (ALT), aspartate transaminase (AST), alkaline phosphatase (ALP), and gamma-glutamyl transferase (GGT) were assayed. Also, activities o f antioxidants including catalase (CAT), superoxide dismutase (SOD), reduced glutathione (GSH), nitric oxide (NO), and glutathione transferase (GST) and levels of parameters including protein, sodium, chlorine, and potassium were checked in the serum, liver, and kidney of the animals. The results re vealed that the compound at the various concentrations tested caused significant (p ˂ 0.05) increase in the serum activities of ALT, ALP, and GGT and significantly reduced AST activity. These were accompanied by significant reductions in their activities in the liver, an indication of hepatotoxicity. The kidney also experienced significant increase in ALT and ALP and reduction in AST and GGT, when compared to the control, also indicating a potential nephrotoxic effect. Results further revealed significant (p ˂ 0.05) increase in the levels of serum protein, creatinine, uric acid, urea, and total...
Source: Comparative Clinical Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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