One Bronchial Thermoplasty Treatment Beats Three for Asthma One Bronchial Thermoplasty Treatment Beats Three for Asthma

Bronchial thermoplasty that targets the six most affected airways in patients with uncontrolled asthma is more effective than the standard therapy that involves three sessions, new research shows.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Pulmonary Medicine News Source Type: news

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This study investigated effects of exposure to PM2.5, O3, and pollen on asthma control status among pediatric patients with asthma.MethodsA total of 229 dyads of pediatric patients with asthma and their parents were followed for 15 months. The Asthma Control and Communication Instrument was used to measure asthma control, which was reported weekly by parents during a 26-week period. PM2.5 and O3 data were collected from the US Environmental Protection Agency Air Quality System. Pollen data were obtained from Intercontinental Marketing Services Health. Mean air pollutant and pollen exposures within 7 days before the reporti...
Source: Academic Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Condition:   Asthma Intervention:   Sponsors:   University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust;   Novartis;   Boehringer Ingelheim;   National Institutes of Health (NIH);   Owlstone Ltd;   National Institute for Health Research, United Kingdom Recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
In this study, we analysed the promoters of sixteen genes related to the Vitamin D pathway and the high-affinity IgE receptor, including FCER1A, MS4A2, FCER1G, VDR, GC, CYP2R1, CYP27A1, CYP27B1, CYP24A1, RXRA, RXRB, RXRG, IL4, IL4R, IL13, and IL13RA1. The study group was composed of patients with allergic rhinitis plus asthma (AR+A), patients with hypersensitivity to beta-lactams (BLs), to NSAIDs including selective hypersensitivity (SH) and cross-reactivity (CR), and healthy controls without antecedents of atopy or adverse drug reactions. We identified 148 gene variations, 43 of which were novel. Multinomial analyses rev...
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
The lungs, a special site that is frequently challenged by tumors, pathogens and other environmental insults, are populated by large numbers of innate immune cells. Among these, natural killer (NK) cells are gaining increasing attention. Recent studies have revealed that NK cells are heterogeneous populations consisting of distinct subpopulations with diverse characteristics, some of which are determined by their local tissue microenvironment. Most current information about NK cells comes from studies of NK cells from the peripheral blood of humans and NK cells from the spleen and bone marrow of mice. However, the function...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
DiscussionThis systematic review will provide an overview of reported challenges in the treatment of asthma in Sub-Saharan Africa from 2008 to 2018. The review is expected to provide information that will help form the basis for future research, policy development and practice in treatment of asthma.Systematic review registrationPROSPERO CRD42018095802
Source: Systematic Reviews - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 22 June 2019Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In PracticeAuthor(s): Luisa Taylor, Morgan Waller, Jay PortnoyAbstractTelemedicine (TM) involves the use of technology to provide medical services to patients who live at a distance. It can be used asynchronously for interpretation of tests (spirometry, skin tests imaging studies), and for communication of information when the simultaneous presence of provider and patient is unnecessary. Synchronous encounters can be either unscheduled and initiated on-demand by patients or they can be facilitated substitutes for in-perso...
Source: The Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Intrinsic (nonallergic) and extrinsic (allergic) asthma are subtypes of asthma that have similar symptoms but different triggers. Learn more about their differences, causes, and treatments here.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Asthma Source Type: news
The objective of this study was to determine computed tomography screening uptake across ten states using 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey data.MethodsIn fall 2018, a cross-sectional analysis was performed on survey data from 4,374 low-dose computed tomography–eligible participants, as determined by Task Force recommendations. Weighted percentages were calculated to assess computed tomography screening utilization overall and by state, sociodemographic, and clinical characteristics; Wald chi-squared tests evaluated group differences.ResultsWithin the study sample, 14.4% of eligible individuals h...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
ConclusionsHouston uses this framework to identify supplemental air quality warnings to improve asthma self-management. Supplemental days reflect risk lower than the National Ambient Air Quality Standards and consecutive poor air quality days, differing from the AQI.
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
A large number of studies have described that asthma is more frequent in males during childhood, with a switch to a female predominance after adolescence. This higher frequency of asthma in adult women has been largely attributed to the increment of estrogen and progesterone concentrations, as compared with those found during childhood.1-3 This rationale is mainly based on research performed in in vitro conditions and in animal models indicating that female sexual hormones enhance the innate and adaptive immune responses,4,5 potentially leading to airway inflammation and asthma.
Source: Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
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