Health services research in intensive care medicine in Germany : Status quo and future challenges exemplified by acute pulmonary failure.

This article provides an overview of the current state of HSR in intensive care medicine in Germany using the example of acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). The ARDS still represents a clinical disease with high intra-hospital mortality (30-60%) despite progress in intensive care medicine. Survivors of ARDS have substantial long-term limitations on physical and mental health. The treatment of ARDS patients is tedious, laborious for intensive care unit staff and complex. Despite evident treatment recommendations, these are only insufficiently implemented in the clinical routine. With the help of quality indicators, benchmarking, certification and peer review procedures, the quality of intensive care treatment in the clinical routine can be documented and improved. An important role in HSR is patient safety and focusing on the outcome with evaluation of the patient's will. As part of the establishment of the innovation fund for HSR, promising intensive medical care projects have been promoted to improve the quality of care and the quality of long-term outcome for intensive care patients. An important focus lies on the identification of factors that improve long-term quality of life after intensive care. The expansion of registries and telemedicine in intensive care offers the opportunity to bundle and share experiences more effectively and thereby establish (guideline-based) treatment recommendations faster in the clinical practice. PMID: 31101923 [PubMed - as...
Source: Der Anaesthesist - Category: Anesthesiology Authors: Tags: Anaesthesist Source Type: research

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ConclusionsThe overall VTE rate after CABG has been low. However, the condition has been associated with worse 30-day postoperative outcomes and complications. The independent predictors of VTE development included a history of bleeding disorders, congestive heart failure in the 30 days before surgery, and operative time of ≥310 minutes. Understanding these risk factors should aid physicians in the decisions regarding prophylaxis and treatment.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Source: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
AbstractTransnasal humidified rapid insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) is a recent technique that delivers warm humidified high flow oxygen to patients, allowing for prolonged apneic oxygenation. A review of current literature was performed to determine the use of THRIVE in apneic patients undergoing surgery in a shared airway setting. An initial free hand search was done to identify keywords followed by a systematic search of major databases with no date or language restrictions. Inclusion criteria include all apneic patients who receive THRIVE for any operative procedure. Fifteen studies fulfilled the inclusion c...
Source: Journal of Anesthesia - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Conclusions: The DC-TAV program is an ambitious, civilian-military, nationwide and long-term program, based on a harmonised standard of care and including multidimensional training. Further studies are required to assess its efficacy.
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Anaesthesia Critical Care &Pain MedicineAuthor(s): Arnaud Chaumeron, Jeremie Castanie, Louis Philippe Fortier, Patrick Basset, Sophie Bastide, Sandrine Alonso, Jean-Yves Lefrant, Philippe CuvillonABSTRACTBackground: Rapid sequence induction (RSI) is recommended in patients at risk of aspiration, but induced hemodynamic adverse events, including tachycardia. In elderly patients, this trial aimed to assess the impact of the addition of remifentanil during RSI on the occurrence of: tachycardia (primary outcome), hypertension (due to intubation) nor hypotension (rem...
Source: Anaesthesia, Critical Care and Pain Medicine - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 October 2019Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology (English Edition)Author(s): Yuichi Ohgoshi, Yosuke Usui, Satoshi Terada, Yoshimasa Takeda, Aiji Ohtsuka
Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis case series demonstrates that the use of a high frequency jet ventilator for cardiac MRI was feasible, safe, providing good quality cardiac imaging and avoiding anesthesia personnel to be inside the hazardous environment of MRI room. Future studies are needed to confirm its safety and efficiency in pediatric patients.ResumoJustificativa e objetivosA ressonância magnética (RM) cardíaca é uma técnica utilizada na avaliação de crianças com cardiopatias congênitas. A anestesia geral garante imobilidade, especialmente em pacientes não cooperador...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 October 2019Source: Anesthesiology ClinicsAuthor(s): Anne D. Cherry
Source: Anesthesiology Clinics - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe current rapid, multi-slice acquisition and real-time implementation of temperature and displacement visualization may be useful in clinical practices. It may help defining operational safety margins, improving therapy precision and efficacy. Simulations were in good agreement with experimental data and may thus be used prior treatment for procedure planning.
Source: NeuroImage - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
Conclusions: Pretreatment with trospium 60 mg ER reduces the incidence and severity of CRBD in the early postoperative period. PMID: 31602966 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Korean Journal of Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Tags: Korean J Anesthesiol Source Type: research
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