Re: Smoking cessation is better than drugs for mild COPD

Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums

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Condition:   Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive Intervention:   Behavioral: Pulmonary Telerehabilitation Sponsor:   VA Office of Research and Development Not yet recruiting
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Maigeng Zhou, Haidong Wang, Xinying Zeng, Peng Yin, Jun Zhu, Wanqing Chen, Xiaohong Li, Lijun Wang, Limin Wang, Yunning Liu, Jiangmei Liu, Mei Zhang, Jinlei Qi, Shicheng Yu, Ashkan Afshin, Emmanuela Gakidou, Scott Glenn, Varsha Sarah Krish, Molly Katherine Miller-Petrie, W Cliff Mountjoy-VenningSummaryBackgroundPublic health is a priority for the Chinese Government. Evidence-based decision making for health at the province level in China, which is home to a fifth of the global population, is of paramount importance. This analysis uses data from the...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions: CT-derived lobar volume and emphysema quantification using the LungSeg program is efficient and reliable in allowing lobar volume assessment. LungSeg has low inter-user variability and agrees better with plethysmography for COPD assessment in our study.Respiration
Source: Respiration - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
(NIH/National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute) A new study provides evidence to support a simple measurement for diagnosing clinically significant airflow obstruction, the key characteristic of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), the fourth leading cause of death in the United States. The study found that a 70% ratio of two indicators of lung function proved as or more accurate than other thresholds for predicting COPD-related hospitalizations and deaths.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
(Cleveland Clinic) Implemented in 2005, the lung allocation score is used to prioritize patients awaiting lung transplants in the US. Sicker transplant candidates have a higher calculated score and are placed at the top of the list. But a recent study led by Maryam Valapour, M.D., MPP, director of Lung Transplant Outcomes in Cleveland Clinic's Respiratory Institute, found including new clinical variables helped to better identify the sickest cystic fibrosis and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients awaiting transplants.
Source: EurekAlert! - Medicine and Health - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: news
The lungs, a special site that is frequently challenged by tumors, pathogens and other environmental insults, are populated by large numbers of innate immune cells. Among these, natural killer (NK) cells are gaining increasing attention. Recent studies have revealed that NK cells are heterogeneous populations consisting of distinct subpopulations with diverse characteristics, some of which are determined by their local tissue microenvironment. Most current information about NK cells comes from studies of NK cells from the peripheral blood of humans and NK cells from the spleen and bone marrow of mice. However, the function...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
The objective of this study was to determine computed tomography screening uptake across ten states using 2017 Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System survey data.MethodsIn fall 2018, a cross-sectional analysis was performed on survey data from 4,374 low-dose computed tomography–eligible participants, as determined by Task Force recommendations. Weighted percentages were calculated to assess computed tomography screening utilization overall and by state, sociodemographic, and clinical characteristics; Wald chi-squared tests evaluated group differences.ResultsWithin the study sample, 14.4% of eligible individuals h...
Source: American Journal of Preventive Medicine - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
The respiratory microbiome is altered in COPD patients but its relationship with core components of the disease, such as the severity of airflow limitation, the frequency of exacerbations or the circulating le...
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
Antioxidants&Redox Signaling, Ahead of Print.
Source: Antioxidants and Redox Signaling - Category: Research Authors: Source Type: research
Management of chronic diseases is often palliative by definition. Empowering primary care providers to manage symptoms and effectively prognosticate is necessary for this challenging population. In this article, the authors focus specifically on end-stage congestive heart failure, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, end-stage kidney disease, and end-stage liver disease and how palliative principles can guide decision making and symptom management in these disease states. Special considerations in advanced care planning, initiation and cessation of advanced therapies, and discussions on when to initiate hospice are included in this article.
Source: Primary Care: Clinics in Office Practice - Category: Primary Care Authors: Source Type: research
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