Novel insight into the management of bisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ)

Publication date: November 2019Source: Japanese Dental Science Review, Volume 55, Issue 1Author(s): Hiromitsu Kishimoto, Kazuma Noguchi, Kazuki TakaokaSummaryBisphosphonate-related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ), characterized by refractory bone exposure, has recently emerged as a serious side effect of bisphosphonate (BPs) treatment. We discuss novel insights that may help to improve the efficacy of BRONJ treatment and prevention. Our report highlights the following: (1) The presence of exposed bone in patients taking BPs does not necessarily reflect BRONJ, and diagnoses of oral ulceration with bone sequestration and malignancy must be excluded. (2) Osteonecrosis type of BRONJ is difficult to avoid using preventive dental measures alone. However, as with osteomyelitis type of BRONJ, preventive dental measures are indispensable for reducing the risk of secondary infection and disease progression. (3) The importance of tooth extraction as a risk factor for BRONJ among patients taking BPs has been overstated, particularly when they are administered at low doses. Delaying tooth extraction may increase the risk for the onset and progression of osteomyelitic BRONJ. (4) In patients taking low doses of BPs, dental implant surgery is not necessarily contraindicated if there are no other risk factors, such as combined use of corticosteroids or concomitant diabetes. However, the risk of BRONJ due to peri-implantitis must be explained when obtaining patient consent.
Source: Japanese Dental Science Review - Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

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