Estimating Lifetime Benefits Associated with Immuno-Oncology Therapies: Challenges and Approaches for Overall Survival Extrapolations
ConclusionsStandard parametric models fitted to the initial ATLANTIC DCO generally underestimated longer-term OS, compared with the later DCO. Cure, parametric mixture and response-based landmark models predicted that larger proportions of patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer receiving IO treatments may experience long-term survival, which was more in keeping with the observed data. Further research using more mature OS data for IO treatments is needed.
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: PhytomedicineAuthor(s): Jian-Shu Lou, Li-Ping Zhao, Zhi-Hui Huang, Xia-Yin Chen, Jing-Ting Xu, William Chi-Shing TAI, Karl W.K. Tsim, Yi-Tao Chen, Tian Xie
Authors: Han AR, Lee S, Han S, Lee YJ, Kim JB, Seo EK, Jung CH Abstract Radiotherapy using ionizing radiation is a major therapeutic modality for advanced human lung cancers. However, ionizing radiation itself can induce malignant behaviors such as cancer cell migration and invasion, leading to local recurrence or distal metastasis. Therefore, safer and more effective agents that inhibit the metastatic behaviors of cancer cells in radiotherapy are needed. As a part of our ongoing search for new radiotherapy enhancers from medicinal herbs, we isolated the following triterpenoids from the ethanol extract of Centella ...
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: European Journal of RadiologyAuthor(s): Tao Yu
Publication date: Available online 8 October 2020Source: The Annals of Thoracic SurgeryAuthor(s): Jean-Baptiste Leclère, Ludovic Fournel, Harry Etienne, Charbel Al Zreibi, Ilaria Onorati, Arnaud Roussel, Yves Castier, Emmanuel Martinod, Françoise Le Pimpec-Barthes, Marco Alifano, Jalal Assouad, Pierre Mordant, thoracic surgery units of Paris Public Hospitals.
Condition: Lung Cancer, Non-Small Cell Interventions: Drug: Dostarlimab; Drug: Pembrolizumab; Drug: Chemotherapy Sponsor: GlaxoSmithKline Not yet recruiting
CONCLUSIONS: Aaptamine retarded the proliferation and invasion of NSCLC cells by selectively targeting the pathway PI3K/AKT/GSK3β suggesting it as a potential chemotherapeutic agent for repressing tumorigenesis and progression of NSCLC in humans. PMID: 33027592 [PubMed - in process]
Conclusion: As far as we know, this study will be the first meta-analysis to compare the efficacy of the vein-first and artery-first surgical technique of segmentectomy for patients diagnosed with resectable non–small cell lung cancer. Due to the nature of the disease and intervention methods, RCTs may be inadequate, and we will carefully consider inclusion in high-quality, non-RCTs, but this may result in high heterogeneity and affect the reliability of the results. INPLASY registration number: INPLASY202080062
Rationale: Anlotinib has been proved to be effective in advanced refractory non-small cell lung cancer. Patient concerns: A 47-year-old female non-smoker was admitted due to persistent chest tightness for a month. Diagnoses: Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) wild-type advanced primary lung adenocarcinoma without brain or bone metastasis. Interventions: The patient failed 2 lines of pemetrexed/docetaxel plus carboplatin and third-line erlotinib. Fourth-line anlotinib was administered thereafter. Outcomes: The pulmonary lesions showed partial remission 5 months after anlotinib monotherapy. The patient dem...
ConclusionIn proton-based 4D Robust SBRT, the interplay effects degraded the target dose distribution but were mitigated using iso-energy layer repainting techniques. However, there was no significant correlation between the number of repainting layers and improvements in the dose distributions. The optimal layer repainting times based on the interplay effect index were ascertained according to the patient characteristics.