Attitudes towards depression and treatment options in patients with coronary heart disease.

[Attitudes towards depression and treatment options in patients with coronary heart disease]. Nervenarzt. 2019 May 16;: Authors: Kuhlmann SL, Arolt V, Haverkamp W, Ströhle A, Waltenberger J, Müller-Nordhorn J, Rieckmann N PMID: 31098651 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research

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Conclusions: In total, CHMs showed potentially beneficial effects on depressive symptoms and post-PCI related clinical symptoms. However, because of small sample size and potential bias of most trials, this result should be interpreted with caution. More rigorous trials with larger sample size and higher quality are warranted to give high quality of evidence to support the use of CHMs for CHD complicated with depression.
Source: Chinese Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Source Type: research
This study investigated whether three common manifestations of distress (depression, anxiety, and perceived stress) and their changes predicted the decline in physical functioning in CHD patients over 12  months. In addition, perceived social support was examined as a buffer of psychological distress or a direct predictor of physical functioning.MethodsParticipants were 255 CHD patients with a mean age of 63 (SD  = 8.65) years, including 208 men and 47 women. Psychological distress and physical functioning were assessed at baseline, 6 months and 12 months. Hierarchical regression analyses were ...
Source: International Journal of Behavioral Medicine - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Cardiovascular diseases remain the top global killer, with nearly 80% of related mortalities occurring in developing countries. Over half of cardiovascular diseases ’ mortality is due to coronary heart disease,...
Source: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Augmentation of sertraline with 2 g/d of EPA for 10 weeks did not result in greater improvement in depressive symptoms compared to sertraline and corn oil placebo in patients with major depressive disorder and CHD or CHD risk factors. Identifying the characteristics of cardiac patients whose depression may benefit from omega-3 and clarifying the pathways linking omega-3 to improvement in depression symptoms are important directions for future research. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT02021669; FDA IND registration number: 121107. PMID: 31163106 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Tags: J Clin Psychiatry Source Type: research
The protective role of Tai Chi in coronary heart disease (CHD) patients has been widely reported. However, the exact molecular mechanism remains unclear. Serum miR-24 and miR-155 levels have been found to be responsible for CHD severity. Thus, the effects of Tai Chi on CHD were explored by measuring serum miR-24 and miR-155 levels. A total of 326 CHD patients were evenly divided into the Tai Chi (TG) and control (CG) groups. The activities of Daily Living Ability (ADL) and Exercise of Self-Care Agency (ESCA) scores between the two groups of patients were compared. Left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), SF-36 life quali...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
In this study, we found that cofilin competes with tau for direct microtubule binding in vitro, in cells, and in vivo, which inhibits tau-induced microtubule assembly. Genetic reduction of cofilin mitigates tauopathy and synaptic defects in Tau-P301S mice and movement deficits in tau transgenic C. elegans. The pathogenic effects of cofilin are selectively mediated by activated cofilin, as active but not inactive cofilin selectively interacts with tubulin, destabilizes microtubules, and promotes tauopathy. These results therefore indicate that activated cofilin plays an essential intermediary role in neurotoxic signaling th...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Objective Stable angina pectoris (SAP) in patients with coronary heart disease (CHD) and blood stasis syndrome (BSS) is a potentially serious threat to public health. NF-κB signaling is associated with angina pectoris. 1-Deoxynojirimycin (DNJ), which is a unique polyhydroxy alkaloid, is the main active component in mulberry (Morus indica L.) leaves and may exhibit protective properties in the prevention of SAP in patients with CHD by affecting the NF-κB pathway. Methods DNJ was purified from mulberry leaves by using a pretreated cation exchange chromatography column. A total of 144 SAP patients were randoml...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
ConclusionsFor coronary heart disease, chronic heart failure, arterial hypertension, and some arrhythmias, there is robust evidence supporting the relevance of psychosocial factors, pointing to a need for considering them in cardiological care. However, there are still shortcomings in implementing psychosocial treatment, and prognostic effects of psychotherapy and psychotropic drugs remain uncertain. There is a need for enhanced provider education and more treatment trials.
Source: Clinical Research in Cardiology - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Patients with depression have more comorbidities than those without depression. The cost of depression-associated comorbidities accounts for the largest portion of the growing cost of depression treatment. Patients with depression have a higher risk of stroke with poor prognoses than those without depression; however, previous studies evaluating the relationship between depression and stroke prognosis have not accounted for surgical treatment or other risk factors. Therefore, we investigated whether depression is a risk factor for mortality in stroke patients with nonsurgical treatment after adjusting for other risk factor...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
Conclusion: Escitalopram exhibited distinct advantages compared with other SSRIs, while Fluoxetine had the biggest cardiovascular reaction probability.
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis Source Type: research
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