Drug Overdose Deaths Involving Cocaine and Psychostimulants Drug Overdose Deaths Involving Cocaine and Psychostimulants

These latest statistics show that death rates in the US involving cocaine and psychostimulants are on the upswing across all demographic groups. What are the implications for public health practice?Morbidity &Mortality Weekly Report
Source: Medscape Today Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Public Health & Prevention Journal Article Source Type: news

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INTRODUCTION: Buprenorphine/naloxone treatment is a highly effective treatment for opioid use disorder decreasing illicit opioid use and both all-cause and opioid-involved overdose mortality. The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationships b...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
AbstractThe primary objective of this article is to assist oncologists and advanced practice prescribers to safely and effectively minimize risk when providing opioids for cancer pain relief. The majority of people with cancer are unlikely to misuse or divert opioid medications, yet the prescriber is often unaware of those who are at risk for these behaviors. To provide skillful pain management to each patient in the oncology setting, while limiting harm to the community, all prescribers must consider the potential for risk of misuse, addiction, or diversion. To minimize this risk to the greatest degree possible, it is imp...
Source: The Oncologist - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Symptom Management and Supportive Care Cancer Care and the Opioid Crisis Source Type: research
Between 1991 and 2017, the rate of black adolescents who reported attempting suicide rose, according to areport published Monday inPediatrics. This trend was not seen in adolescents who identified as white, Hispanic, Asian American or Pacific Islander, or being of multiple races.“Examining trends in suicidal ideation and behaviors over time by sex and race and ethnicity allows us to determine where to focus prevention and intervention efforts,” wrote Michael A. Lindsey, Ph.D., M.S.W., M.P.H., of New York University and colleagues.Lindsey and colleagues analyzed data from the Youth Risk Behavior Survey (YRBS) &m...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: adolescents Benjamin Shain Michael Lindsey pediatrics suicide attempt suicide ideation Youth Risk Behavior Survey Source Type: research
This study describes the prevalence of nonmedical methadone use in a community sample of PWID and examines factors associated with recent use of nonmedical methadone. Methods: A cross-sectional sample of PWID (N = 777) was recruited using targeted sampling and interviewed in California (2011-2013). Descriptive, bivariate, and multivariate logistic regression analyses were used to determine characteristics associated with nonmedical methadone use in the last 30 days. To determine if nonmedical methadone use was associated with overdose in the last 6 months, a separate multivariate analysis was conducted...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine if an educational intervention impacted college students' attitudes towards prescription opioid drugs (POD). Methods: Two hundred forty-two participants (72 males, 21 ± 3 years) from an American university participated. After collecting demographic data (questionnaire 1; Q1), investigators recited a narrative in which the protagonist was injured and prescribed POD. Next, participants rated their agreement on 10 Likert prompts and two visual analog scales (VAS) before (Q2) and after (Q3) an educational intervention, then noted (Q4) which topics were most or least influ...
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
In 1819, a soon-to-be-knighted John Herschel (1792 to 1871) discovered that hyposulfite of soda could “fix” or make photographic images permanent by dissolving away unexposed and otherwise insoluble silver salts. This British genius soon coined terms for his astronomical or botanical images as “negatives” or “positives” and for the art as “photography.” Even after it was renamed sodi um thiosulfate, hyposulfite of soda retained photographers’ nickname for it: “hypo.” An antidote for cyanide poisoning, sodium thiosulfate was supplied in ampoules to physicians...
Source: Anesthesiology - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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Source: Clinical Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Authors: Source Type: research
The US opioid epidemic has been implicated in substantial rises in mortality, morbidity, and costs. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, between 1999 and 2017 there were nearly 218,000 opioid-related deaths in the US, 47,600 in 2017 alone.1 The staggering rise in recent years is illustrated by a 9.6% increase in the age-adjusted rate of overdose deaths just from 2016 to 2017.1 States with the highest rates of death due to drug overdose, the majority from intravenous (IV) heroin use, were West Virginia (57.8 per 100,000), Ohio (46.3 per 100,000), Pennsylvania (44.3 per 100,000), the District of Colum...
Source: The Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Authors: Tags: Invited Expert Opinion Source Type: research
PMID: 31610572 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Annals of Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Tags: Ann Intern Med Source Type: research
Fentanyl and related analog compounds are currently at the centre of an international health crisis. While fentanyl is used safely and effectively as an analgesic in clinical settings, it has recently seen an unprecedented rise in illicit use. There are currently upwards of 1400 fentanyl analogues that have been synthesized to date, adding further complexity to the crisis in terms of both their relative toxicity and detection. The current health situation, termed the ‘opioid crisis,’ has resulted in an astonishing and growing number of drug overdoses. The problem of the opioid crisis is complex, and the solutio...
Source: Journal of Mass Spectrometry - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: COVER STORY Source Type: research
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