Usefulness of the FilmArray meningitis/encephalitis (M/E) panel for the diagnosis of infectious meningitis and encephalitis in Taiwan.

CONCLUSIONS: The BioFire® ME Panel performed equivalently to the traditional PCR methods for virus detection, and better than bacterial cultures. This revolutionary system represents a paradigm shift in the diagnosis of M/E and may aid in the rapid identification of community-acquired M/E. However, the usefulness of this tool is limited in regions with a high prevalence of infectious M/E caused by microorganisms not included in the panel. PMID: 31085115 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: J Microbiol Immunol Infect Source Type: research

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Authors: Park MG, Cho MC, Cho SY, Lee JW Abstract OBJECTIVES: To compare the antibiotic susceptibility of Escherichia coli (E. coli) between community- acquired acute bacterial prostatitis (CA-ABP) and ABP following transrectal ultrasound-guided prostate biopsy (Bx-ABP). METHODS: A total of 4,383 patients underwent prostate biopsy from January 2005 to June 2014. Among these patients, 34 had Bx-ABP; of which 22 patients had E. coli identified in their urine or blood culture. E. coli was also identified in 91 out of 209 patients with CA-ABP in urine or blood culture. We investigated patient and microbiological ch...
Source: Archivos Espanoles de Urologia - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Arch Esp Urol Source Type: research
Abstract For successful infection, viruses must recognize their respective host cells. A common mechanism of host recognition by viruses is to utilize a portion of the host cell as a receptor. Bacteriophage Sf6, which infects Shigella flexneri, uses lipopolysaccharide as a primary receptor and then requires interaction with a secondary receptor, a role that can be fulfilled by either outer membrane proteins (Omp) A or C. Our previous work showed that specific residues in the loops of OmpA mediate Sf6 infection. To better understand Sf6 interactions with OmpA loop variants, we determined the kinetics of these inter...
Source: Acta Virologica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Virol Source Type: research
This study supports previous findings of multidrug resistance in commensal strains in rural communities and highlights the increased rates of resistance over time. We recommend studies in larger populations with a longer follow-up. PMID: 31800939 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: . Mechanical, thermal shock, and enzymatic pre-treatments are necessary for the rupture of the cystic wall of Giardia spp. making it the highest-yielding bg molecular marker for detecting cyst DNA. Trophozoites do not require pre-treatment to achieve satisfactory results. A reproducible methodology for the extraction of DNA from Giardia spp. from any evolutionary stage is available. PMID: 31800934 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS.: Multiepitopic protein M1 may serve as a candidate for a Carrion disease vaccine; however, more studies are needed to characterize the use of this antigen as a vaccine. PMID: 31800933 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Revista Peruana de Medicina de Experimental y Salud Publica - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Rev Peru Med Exp Salud Publica Source Type: research
Purpose: To report the clinical outcome and postoperative course of Descemet membrane endothelial keratoplasty (DMEK) in irreversible corneal edema due to herpes simplex virus (HSV) endotheliitis. Methods: This is a retrospective, noncomparative, interventional case series. Nineteen eyes of 19 patients underwent standard DMEK combined with cataract surgery (triple DMEK) between May 2016 and April 2018. All patients received perioperative oral acyclovir (ACV) and prednisolone. Patients were followed up on day 1, on day 7, at 1 month, and then at 3 monthly intervals. Preoperative and postoperative best spectacle-correct...
Source: Cornea - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Clinical Science Source Type: research
Conclusion: It was found that the majority of POEs containing a bioreducible center showed higher inhibitory activities on Mtb growth when compared to the similar compounds without a bio-reducible functional group. PMID: 31799156 [PubMed]
Source: BioImpacts - Category: Research Tags: Bioimpacts Source Type: research
Conclusion Our finding supports the effectiveness of 1-month TRE in improving HL and all components of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health status, except the activity component among breast cancer in Taiwan. Implications for Practice Clinicians could incorporate the TRE techniques in the rehabilitation sessions according to the healthcare, disease prevention, and health promotion domains to improve the clinical outcomes as well as change their health behaviors and attitudes of patients with breast cancer.
Source: Cancer Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES: ONLINE ONLY Source Type: research
Background Oral cancer is the fifth most common form of cancer in Taiwan in terms of incidence and death rate and results in at least 2700 deaths each year. Objective The aims of this study were to assess the postoperative health-related quality of life (QOL) and care needs of oral cancer patients comprehensively and to evaluate the correlation between health-related QOL and care needs. Interventions/Methods This cross-sectional study enrolled 126 oral cancer patients who had received surgical treatment within the previous 2 years and were without cognitive impairment. Each patient completed a demographic questionn...
Source: Cancer Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: ARTICLES Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe BioFire® ME Panel performed equivalently to the traditional PCR methods for virus detection, and better than bacterial cultures. This revolutionary system represents a paradigm shift in the diagnosis of M/E and may aid in the rapid identification of community-acquired M/E. However, the usefulness of this tool is limited in regions with a high prevalence of infectious M/E caused by microorganisms not included in the panel.
Source: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology and Infection - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
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