Urinary incontinence in geriatric patients: diagnosis and therapy.
[Urinary incontinence in geriatric patients: diagnosis and therapy]. Aktuelle Urol. 2019 May 15;: Authors: Arbeitsgruppe Inkontinenz der DGG (Autoren in alphabetischer Ordnung): Klaus Becher, Barbara Bojack, Sigrid Ege, Silke von der Heide, Ruth Kirschner-Hermanns, Andreas Wiedemann. Federführende Gesellschaft: Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geriatrie PMID: 31091540 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
AbstractBackgroundTo date, there has been no consensus concerning the vascular approach during sigmoid colectomy for diverticular disease. The aim of this study was to determine the functional impact of elective laparoscopic sigmoidectomy performed with high ligation of the inferior mesenteric artery for diverticulitis in consecutive male patients.MethodsTwenty-five consecutive patients of median age 53 years were enrolled in a prospective single-centre pilot study at a tertiary teaching hospital. Main outcome measures were functional results. Patients were asked to complete standardized, validated questionnaires to ...
AbstractBackgroundObstetric anal sphincter injury is the most frequent cause of fecal incontinence (FI) in young women. However, the relationship between the extent of anal sphincter defects and the severity of long-term FI (at least 1 year after delivery) has been poorly studied. The aim of the present study was to determine if, in the long term, the extent of anal sphincter defects graded at anal endosonography was linked with the severity of FI.MethodsA retrospective study was conducted on women with a history of vaginal delivery, who presented with FI and had three-dimensional anorectal high-resolution manometry and en...
AbstractMore women participate in sports than ever before and the proportion of women athletes at the Olympic Games is nearly 50%. The pelvic floor in women may be the only area of the body where the positive effect of physical activity has been questioned. The aim of this narrative review is to present two widely held opposing hypotheses on the effect of general exercise on the pelvic floor and to discuss the evidence for each. Hypothesis 1: by strengthening the pelvic floor muscles (PFM) and decreasing the levator hiatus, exercise decreases the risk of urinary incontinence, anal incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse, bu...
ConclusionsMVT is a robust, non-invasive method for measuring the timing, volume, and location of voiding. It improves on an existing technique, the void spot assay, by adding timing information, and unlike the cystometrogram preparation, MVT does not require surgical catheterization. Combining MVT with current neuroscience techniques will improve our understanding of the neural circuits that control continence, which is important for addressing the growing number of patients with urinary incontinence as the population ages.
ConclusionsChinese women had inactive sexual intercourse during pregnancy. There is a slight association between increased sexual intercourse frequency and a thicker levator ani muscle in pregnant women. Future work may be directed at determining the causality of this association.
ConclusionsExo-anal tomographic imaging of sphincter defects at rest seems sufficiently valid for clinical use and may not be inferior to sphincter assessment on pelvic floor muscle contraction.
ConclusionRefinements to management plans in this study highlight the importance of MDT input in urogynaecology care and mirror the findings of two previous studies. Evidence for improved outcomes and the cost-effectiveness of MDTs is lacking and is an area for future research. Expanded national guidance for urogynaecology MDTs is likely to require local and regional restructuring of these in the UK.
ConclusionsPFDs are common in a community of parous, reproductive age women in rural Nepal. Risk factors for these conditions are similar to risk factors found in higher income countries.
Overactive bladder is a common and bothersome condition which has a major and measurable impact on sufferers' quality of life. The cardinal symptom of urgency, with or without urgency incontinence, frequency and nocturia is thought to be caused by abnormalities in detrusor smooth muscle function and/or sensory pathways. A structured assessment approach is of importance, including a detailed history of symptoms, medical and drug history and lifestyle factors such as fluid intake. Conservative management revolves around the key principles of fluid modification, avoidance of potential triggers and bladder retraining.
CONCLUSIONS: The severity and duration of MS is a risk factor for rUTIs. Urodynamic risk factors are compatible with a lower contractile capacity in patients with rUTIs, while the existence of NLUTD would not imply any specific risk factor. PMID: 31797803 [PubMed - in process]