Familial intrahepatic cholestasis: New and wide perspectives

Progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis (PFIC) includes autosomal recessive cholestatic rare diseases of childhood.
Source: Digestive and Liver Disease - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

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Authors: Dong Y, Li G Abstract Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is one of the most common forms of chronic liver disease in developed countries and is associated with type 2 diabetes mellitus, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and metabolic syndrome. It is defined as steatosis in over 5% of hepatocytes. The disease spectrum of NAFLD ranges from simple fatty liver to nonalcoholic steatohepatitis, liver fibrosis, even hepatic cirrhosis. The disease affects various extra-hepatic systems such as the cardiovascular system and urinary system. Heart-related disease is identified as the leading cause of mor...
Source: Herz - Category: Cardiology Tags: Herz Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: This study reports the comprehensive changes of transporters, metabolizing enzymes, nuclear receptors, and ezrin/radixin/moesin proteins in the livers of BDL rats. The expression levels of nuclear receptors and radixin that regulate the transcription and localization of CYP and/or transporters were decreased by BDL. PMID: 31539322 [PubMed - in process]
Source: J Pharm Pharm Sci - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: J Pharm Pharm Sci Source Type: research
The latest death in Massachusetts was a man in his 70s
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
ConclusionOur results suggest that steatotic grafts should be used for recipients without severe liver failure to avoid ABS, and that endoscopic stenting of post-LT ABS leads to a high success rate, but is associated with a significant risk of recurrence.
Source: Clinics and Research in Hepatology and Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Siwiec E, Szynkowska A, Milkiewicz M, Marlicz W, Stachowska E Abstract Conjugated dienes of linoleic acid (CLA) are constitutional and geometric isomers of linoleic acid that are commonly used as dietary supplements during body mass reduction. Their role in the reduction of lipid deposits in liver tissue is not unequivocal. CLA contain an equimolar mixture of two isomers of linoleic acid: trans-10,cis-12 CLA and cis-9,trans-11. Only one isomer - trans-10,cis-12 CLA exhibits fat-reducing properties, cis-9,trans-11 CLA does not. The main goal of this study was to determine if CLA isomers affect the activatio...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
Authors: Skladany L, Koller T, Molcan P, Vnencakova J, Zilincan M, Jancekova D, Kukla M Abstract In hospitalized patients with advanced chronic liver disease (ACLD), we aimed to evaluate the association between myostatin and muscle mass, its relation to inflammation and to assess the added prognostic value of myostatin for survival. In a prospective single-center cohort study, inclusion criteria were: consecutive hospitalization for ACLD and Child-Pugh score ≥ 7 points. Baseline parameters were myostatin, C-reactive protein (CRP), hand-grip strength (HGS), mid-arm muscle circumference (MAC), transversal psoas mu...
Source: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: J Physiol Pharmacol Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Low levels of NK and CD4+ T-cells in HIV/HCV-coinfected individuals with advanced liver fibrosis have been previously described. Here, we show that advanced liver fibrosis in coinfected individuals is associated to a defective function of NK cells and an increased expression of the exhaustion/senescence marker PD-1. This NK signature could not be attributed to changes in the ability of CD4+ T-cells to modulate NK cell function. PMID: 31536177 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Journal of the International AIDS Society - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: J Int AIDS Soc Source Type: research
The latest death in Massachusetts was a man in his 70s
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 20 September 2019Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental HepatologyAuthor(s): Arka De, Ajay DusejaAbstractThe histological spectrum of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) ranges from simple steatosis or non-alcoholic fatty liver (NAFL) to non-alcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH), NASH related cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Ballooning degeneration of hepatocytes with or without fibrosis is the key-feature which differentiates NASH from NAFL. Liver biopsy is the only reliable method for diagnosing NAFL and differentiating it from NASH. Although the epidemiology of NAFL...
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
ConclusionHCV treatment in a large community-based cohort demonstrated sustained improvements in AST, ALT, PLT, and FIB-4. Rebound increases in AST, ALT, and FIB-4 observed in Hispanics and those with BMI>30 kg/m2 may reflect persisting nonalcoholic fatty liver disease.
Source: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
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