Scorpionism in Brazil: exponential growth of accidents and deaths from scorpion stings

We report the case of a 67-year-old man with a consumptive syndrome with two subpleural pulmonary opacities. A transthoracic lung biopsy revealed a Dirofilaria worm. Myocardial nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) demonstrated dilated cardiomyopathy after myocarditis related to dirofilariasis. Human infection is rare and occurs accidentally. The most common radiological alteration is a mainly subpleural coin lesion. Dirofilariasis is a neglected emergent disease and knowledge about it is important for differential diagnoses from neoplastic pulmonary nodules.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 July 2019Source: Urology Case ReportsAuthor(s): W.M. Borges, G.R. Bechara, M.M.L. de Miranda, G.B. de Figueiredo, B.A. Venturini, C.R. LaghiAbstractTuberculosis (TB) is a secular disease caused by a bacillus, highly prevalent in Brazil. The genito-urinary tract involvement is rare, with the epididymis the most affected location. Treatment usually involves the combination of 3 to 4 drugs for TB for 6 months and surgery can be useful in complications.
Source: Urology Case Reports - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
ConclusionsProton therapy is not cost-effective for pediatric medulloblastoma treatment from the Brazilian health system perspective. The investment is not worth when considering the number of potential patients and the country dimensions.
Source: Value in Health Regional Issues - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Initiating stroke treatment just 15 minutes faster can save lives and prevent disability, according to a new UCLA-led study, published today inJAMA. The research also determined that busier hospitals — those that treat more than 450 people for stroke each year — have better outcomes than those that treat fewer than 400 stroke patients per year.Researchers at the  David Geffen School of Medicine at UCLA and five other institutions in the U.S. and Canada, examined data for 6,756 people who experienced ischemic strokes. The patients ’ median age was 71, and 51.2% were women.The researchers looked at str...
Source: UCLA Newsroom: Health Sciences - Category: Universities & Medical Training Source Type: news
ConclusionsDue to worse outcomes with arrhythmias, there is a need for better screening and follow-up of ESLD patients for dysrhythmias.
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 July 2019Source: Heart &LungAuthor(s): Renan Detoffol Bragança, Cecilia Gómez Ravetti, Lídia Barreto, Thiago Bragança Lana Silveira Ataíde, Rafael Mourão Carneiro, Antônio Lúcio Teixeira, Vandack NobreAbstractObjectivesTo test the agreement between handgrip dynamometry and Medical Research Council (MRC) criteria for the diagnosis of intensive care unit acquired weakness (ICUAW) and to evaluate if dynamometry findings are associated with morbidity and mortality.MethodsA prospective single center cohort study was conducted in a B...
Source: Heart and Lung: The Journal of Acute and Critical Care - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Source: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
[New Dawn] The world has a garbage crisis. All nations generate an estimated 1.3 billion tons of garbage annually, and that number is expected to grow in the coming years. The United States, China, Brazil, Japan, and Germany account for the largest proportion of garbage generated, according to an LA Times story written by Ann Simmons. Overpopulation, urbanization, industrialization, the lack of regular trash collection and disposal are key drivers for the surging garbage crisis.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
ABSTRACT The functionalization of graphene nanosheets is the cutting edge of materials sciences nowadays. Such research promotes the development of innovative, low cost and highly capable sorbents. This review article aims to assemble the available information on functionalized graphene used for the adsorption of organic pollutants and establishes a critical comparison between the data reported in the literature. Various optimal experimental conditions (pH, temperature, contact time, adsorbent dosage) and adsorbent characterization methods (FTIR, Raman, XPS spectra, XRD, TEM and AFM) have been listed to enlighten adsorptio...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Sweet potato is an attractive feedstock for ethanol production due to its high starch content and favorable agronomic characteristics. This paper proposes a simple equation to estimate the total reducing sugars (including glucose from starch) in sweet potatoes based on their moisture content (low cost and simple measurement). It allows the calculation of the ethanol production potential of a given sweet potato mash. According to the equation, the ethanol potential increases non-linearly with increasing concentrations of sweet potato mash in the fermenting medium (w/v), reaching a constant value for high concentrat...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum Schumach) is regarded as a promising feedstock for second generation ethanol production, due to its high cellulose content, biomass production and rapid growth. The yeast Kluyveromyces marxianus CCT 7735 is capable of producing ethanol from agroindustrial residues, such as lignocellulosic biomass. Therefore, this study aimed to establish the optimal conditions for ethanol production by K. marxianus CCT 7735 from elephant grass. Five factors were evaluated: temperature (35-45 ºC), pH (4.5-5.8), agitation (50-150 rpm), cellulase concentration (7.5-22.5 FPU/mL) and elephant g...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
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